Hachimantai, Iwate

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Hachimantai
八幡平市
City
Hachimantai City Hall
Hachimantai City Hall
Flag of Hachimantai
Flag
Official seal of Hachimantai
Seal
Location of Hachimantai in Iwate Prefecture
Location of Hachimantai in Iwate Prefecture
Hachimantai is located in Japan
Hachimantai
Hachimantai
 
Coordinates: 39°57′22″N 141°4′16″E / 39.95611°N 141.07111°E / 39.95611; 141.07111Coordinates: 39°57′22″N 141°4′16″E / 39.95611°N 141.07111°E / 39.95611; 141.07111
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Iwate
Area
 • Total 826.30 km2 (319.04 sq mi)
Population (February 28, 2017)
 • Total 26,579
 • Density 30/km2 (80/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City symbols  
• Tree Japanese red pine
• Flower Rindo
• Bird Copper pheasant
Phone number 0195-76-2111
Address 62 Ōfuke dai-35 jiwari, Hachimantai-shi, Iwate-ken 028-7192
Website Official website
Lake Hachiman

Hachimantai (八幡平市 Hachimantai-shi?) is a city located in Iwate Prefecture, in the Tohoku regionof northern Japan. As of 28 February 2017 the city had an estimated population of 26,579 and a population density of 32 persons per km2 in 10,490 households [1]The total area of the city was was 826.30 square kilometres (319.04 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Hachimantai is located in the Ōu Mountains of far northwest Iwate Prefecture, bordered by Aomori Prefecture to the north and Akita Prefecture to the west. The headwaters of the Yoneshiro River are in Hachimanai. Part of Mount Hachimantai and Mount Iwate are within its borders. Parts of the city are within the borders of the Towada-Hachimantai National Park. Mount Iwate, the highest mountain in Iwate Prefecture, is on the border of Hachimantai with Shizukuishi and Takizawa.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Hachimantai has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa), the same as much of Hokkaido to the north, characterized by mild summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Hachimantai is 9.3 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1387 mm with September as the wettest month and February as the driest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 22.9 °C, and lowest in January, at around -3.4 °C.[2]

Climate data for Hachimantai (former Matsuo Village、1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.4
(54.3)
12.0
(53.6)
18.0
(64.4)
27.7
(81.9)
31.8
(89.2)
33.5
(92.3)
35.2
(95.4)
35.5
(95.9)
34.0
(93.2)
26.5
(79.7)
20.7
(69.3)
16.9
(62.4)
35.5
(95.9)
Average high °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
1.6
(34.9)
5.7
(42.3)
13.7
(56.7)
19.3
(66.7)
23.3
(73.9)
26.2
(79.2)
27.8
(82)
22.9
(73.2)
16.9
(62.4)
9.7
(49.5)
3.6
(38.5)
14.2
(57.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.4
(25.9)
−2.8
(27)
0.9
(33.6)
7.6
(45.7)
13.3
(55.9)
17.6
(63.7)
21.1
(70)
22.4
(72.3)
17.5
(63.5)
10.9
(51.6)
4.7
(40.5)
−0.3
(31.5)
9.1
(48.4)
Average low °C (°F) −8.4
(16.9)
−8.0
(17.6)
−4.2
(24.4)
1.3
(34.3)
7.2
(45)
12.6
(54.7)
16.9
(62.4)
18.1
(64.6)
12.7
(54.9)
5.2
(41.4)
−0.2
(31.6)
−4.5
(23.9)
4.0
(39.2)
Record low °C (°F) −21.8
(−7.2)
−22.2
(−8)
−15.4
(4.3)
−11.0
(12.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
1.7
(35.1)
7.7
(45.9)
7.7
(45.9)
1.3
(34.3)
−4.3
(24.3)
−11.0
(12.2)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−22.2
(−8)
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[3]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[4] the population of Hachimantai has declined steadily over the past 40 years.

Census Year Population
1970 36,764
1980 34,926
1990 33,287
2000 32,485
2010 28,690

History[edit]

The area of present-day Hachimantai was part of ancient Mutsu Province. The area was dominated by the Nanbu clan from the early Muromachi period. During the Edo period Tokugawa shogunate, the area was under Morioka Domain, and wad divided between Ninohe District in the north and Iwate District in the south.

In the early Meiji period, the village of Arasawa was created within Ninohe District on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. Arasawa merged with neighboring Tayama Village on September 30, 1956 to from the town of Ashiro. Ashiro was transferred to Iwate District on April 1, 2002.

Likewise, on April 1, 1889 the villages of Tairadate, Obun, Dendo and Terada were established within Kita-Iwate District. Kita-Iwate was merged with Minami-Iwate in 1896. The four villages merged on September 30, 1956 for form the town of Nishine.

The modern city of Hachimantai was established on September 1, 2005, from the merger of the towns of Ashiro and Nishine, and the village of Matsuo.

Government[edit]

Hachimantai has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 22 members.

Economy[edit]

The local economy is based on agriculture, forestry and seasonal tourism.

Education[edit]

Hachimantai has ten public elementary schools and four middle schools operated by the city government, and one public high school operated by the Iwate Prefectural Board of Education.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Notable people from Hachimantai[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hachimantai city official statistics
  2. ^ Hachimantai climate data
  3. ^ "岩手松尾(八幡平) 19801-2010年". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2011-10-18. 
  4. ^ Hachimantai population statistics
  5. ^ "Yakehashiri Lava Flow ( Hachimantai City )  ". A Trip to Iwate. Iwate Prefecture Tourism Portal. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  6. ^ "Hachimantai Resort  ( Panorama Ski Area/Shimokura Ski Area )  ( Hachimantai City ) ". A Trip to Iwate. Iwate Prefecture Tourism Portal. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  7. ^ "Fudo no Taki Falls ( Hachimantai City )  ". A Trip to Iwate. Iwate Prefecture Tourism Portal. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  8. ^ "Matsukawa Gorge ( Hachimantai City )  ". A Trip to Iwate. Iwate Prefecture Tourism Portal. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  9. ^ "Nambu Fuji Country Club ( Hachimantai City )   ". A Trip to Iwate. Iwate Prefecture Tourism Portal. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  10. ^ "Hachimantai Hot Springs and Appi Hot Springs ( Hachimantai City ) ". A Trip to Iwate. Iwate Prefecture Tourism Portal. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Hachimantai, Iwate at Wikimedia Commons