Hacienda Heights, California
Location of Hacienda Heights in Los Angeles County, California.
|• Total||11.182 sq mi (28.962 km2)|
|• Land||11.175 sq mi (28.944 km2)|
|• Water||0.007 sq mi (0.018 km2) 0.06%|
|Elevation||453 ft (138 m)|
|• Density||4,800/sq mi (1,900/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|Area code(s)||626, 562|
During Spanish rule, Hacienda Heights was a part of Rancho La Puente, which was operated by the nearby Mission San Gabriel Arcángel in San Gabriel. The Rancho was eventually acquired by John A. Rowland and William Workman in 1845 via a Mexican land grant, and eventually acquired by Elias "Lucky" Baldwin. In 1912, his descendant, Anita Baldwin, sold the property to Edwin Hart and Jet Torrance. The pair subdivided the area and named it North Whittier Heights, which became known for avocado, citrus and walnut orchards, in 1913. However, from the Great Depression era to the early 1940s, citrus growing became unprofitable because of pests and diseases, setting the impetus for the area's transformation into a suburb.
Originally an agricultural town, beginning in the 1940s and accelerating in the 1950s, suburban residential development, which occurred southward (beginning on subdivisions near Kwis Avenue), transformed Hacienda Heights into a residential or bedroom community. In 1961, the Hacienda Heights Branch of the Los Angeles County Public Library opened. The following year, in 1961, the area was renamed Hacienda Heights. In 1964, the local newspaper, the Hacienda Heights Highlander, was established.
Hacienda Heights is located at  in the eastern San Gabriel Valley bordering City of Industry and West Covina to the North, Whittier to the West, La Habra Heights to the South, and Rowland Heights to the East along the Pomona Freeway - Route 60. Hacienda Heights is a predominantly residential neighborhood.(34.000578, -117.969434)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the community has a total area of 11.2 square miles (29 km2). 11.2 square miles (29 km2) of it is land and 0.06% is water.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Hacienda Heights had a population of 54,038. The population density was 4,832.4 people per square mile (1,865.8/km²). The racial makeup of Hacienda Heights was 21,873 (40.5%) White (14.9% Non-Hispanic White), 743 (1.4%) African American, 315 (0.6%) Native American, 21,065 (37.1%) Asian, 99 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 9,199 (17.0%) from other races, and 1,744 (3.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24,608 persons (45.5%).
The Census reported that 53,928 people (99.8% of the population) lived in households, 70 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 40 (0.1%) were institutionalized.
There were 16,193 households, out of which 6,185 (38.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 10,151 (62.7%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,331 (14.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,024 (6.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 555 (3.4%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 93 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,111 households (13.0%) were made up of individuals and 1,047 (6.5%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.33. There were 13,506 families (83.4% of all households); the average family size was 3.59.
The population was spread out with 11,864 people (22.0%) under the age of 18, 5,184 people (9.6%) aged 18 to 24, 13,597 people (25.2%) aged 25 to 44, 15,071 people (27.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 8,322 people (15.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.1 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.
There were 16,650 housing units at an average density of 1,488.9 per square mile (574.9/km²), of which 12,720 (78.6%) were owner-occupied, and 3,473 (21.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.6%. 42,189 people (78.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 11,739 people (21.7%) lived in rental housing units.
Hsi Lai Temple
Hsi Lai Temple (meaning "Coming West") is the largest Buddhist temple in North America. The temple encompasses 15 acres (61,000 m2) and a floor area of 102,432 sq ft (9,516.2 m2). The temple's Ming dynasty (1368–1644 AD) and Qing dynasty (1644–1911 AD) architecture is faithful to the traditional style of buildings, Chinese gardens, and statuary of ancient Chinese monasteries. Hsi Lai was built to serve as a spiritual and cultural center for those interested in learning Buddhism and Chinese culture.
In 2003, voters were asked to decide whether the community should incorporate and become a city. Proponents argued that a new city would be able to better control development and provide increased police and fire service, while opponents argued that the new city would increase taxes and redevelop residential neighborhoods for revenue-generating businesses. Most of the prime commercial land had already been annexed by the City of Industry to escape taxes levied by the County on unincorporated areas. Ultimately the measure failed by about a 2-1 margin.
The city is served by the Hacienda La Puente Unified School District.
- Newton Middle
- Orange Grove Middle
- Mesa Robles School
- Cedarlane Academy
- St. Marks Lutheran School
- Bixby Elementary
- Grazide Elementary
- Kwis Elementary
- Los Altos Elementary
- Los Molinos Elementary
- Los Robles Academy
- Palm Elementary
- Wedgeworth Elementary
Glenelder Elementary School was merged with Cedarlane and Shadybend was closed down, too.
- Caprice Bourret, actress and model
- Ralph Brown, football player
- William Campbell, California state legislator
- Shaun Cody, football player
- Andy DeMize, rock musician
- Constantine Firme, author, scientist
- Fergie, singer, rapper, The Black Eyed Peas
- Jeff Garcia, voice actor and comedian
- Richard Gere, actor and activist
- Rob Hertel, football player
- Gary Jones, former national champion motocross racer
- Josh Keaton, actor and singer, The Spectacular Spider-Man
- David Lee, photographer and film director
- Marie Luv, pornographic actress
- Esperanza Martinez, painter
- Shane del Rosario, MMA fighter
- Ryan Sakoda, professional wrestler
- Michael Smith, former All-America basketball player at BYU and first-round pick of the Boston Celtics (13th overall), current television and color announcer for Los Angeles Clippers
- Jill Sterkel, 2-time Olympic champion freestyle swimmer
- Kevin Song, professional poker player
- Troy Tanner, professional volleyball player
- Brian Tee, actor
- Frederic Wehrey, American scholar of Middle East affairs
- Scott Williams, professional NBA basketball player
- Marc Yu, child musician
- U.S. Census
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- Diaz, Enrique (2005). The San Gabriel Valley: A 21st Century Portrait. HPN Books. pp. 24–25. ISBN 978-1-893619-45-6.
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- "Hacienda Heights Community Plan" (PDF). Los Angeles County Department of Regional Planning. 22 September 2010: 2–6.
- "Hacienda Heights; Information, Geography/Geology". 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Hacienda Heights CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
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- http://www.habitatauthority.org/pdf/HabAuthV2.jpg . accessed 8/22/2010
- Pan, Philip P. (August 8, 1993). "Good Neighbor : Hemisphere's Largest Buddhist Temple Wins Over Residents". Los Angeles Times.
- http://www.hsilai.org/ accessed 8/22/2010
- http://www.hsilai.org/en/intro_subpages/intro_hsi_lai_temple.html accessed 8/22/2010
- "Meet The 37 House Republicans Who Could Lose Their Jobs For Shutting Down The Government". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2014-05-21.
- "Industry Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
- "Pomona Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.