Hackney Downs railway station
Hackney Downs railway station in 2008
Location of Hackney Downs in Greater London
|Local authority||London Borough of Hackney|
|Managed by||London Overground|
|Number of platforms||4|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|– interchange||0.926 million|
|– interchange||0.897 million|
|– interchange||1.726 million|
|Lists of stations|
| London Transport portal
UK Railways portal
Hackney Downs is a London Overground and National Rail station on the Lea Valley Lines forming part of the West Anglia Main Line, serving Hackney Downs, east London. It is 2 miles 78 chains (4.8 km) down the line from London Liverpool Street.
On the London Overground network the station is between London Fields and either Clapton (on the Chingford branch) or Rectory Road (on the Cheshunt/Enfield Town branch). Main line trains, operated by Abellio Greater Anglia, call at Hackney Downs between Liverpool Street and Tottenham Hale. Its three-letter station code is HAC and it is in Travelcard zone 2.
The station was originally named Hackney Downs Junction until 1896. Today, it has a direct passenger link to Hackney Central station, providing interchange with the North London Line of the Overground network.
Great Eastern Railway (1872-1922)
The station was opened on 27 May 1872 when the Great Eastern Railway opened the first part of its new line from Enfield Town to Stoke Newington. This was an exercise to provide new routes to the expanding suburbs of northeast London and to give a faster journey time to Enfield, whose trains at that time were routed via Stratford and Angel Road.
Just under a month later, another line opened linking Hackney Downs to Coppermill Junction just south of Tottenham Hale on what was then the main line to Cambridge. This new route offered a reduction in journey time for Cambridge and Shern Street station in Walthamstow on the Chingford line services but also relieved congestion at Stratford railway station.
The route to Edmonton (on the existing Enfield branch line) fully opened on 1 August 1872 and the Chingford line was opened in November 1873. When the station opened it had two platforms and two centre roads.
The station layout was changed in 1894 when the line between Bethnal Green and Hackney Downs was increased from two tracks to four tracks. The layout was changed to a four platformed station and had two signal boxes.
London & North Eastern Railway (1923-1947)
After the Railways Act 1921 the country's railways were grouped into four companies, with effect from 1 January 1923. At Hackney Downs the London & North Eastern Railway (LNER) took over operations of the GER services. The semaphore signalling was replaced by single searchlight signals which were able to display three-aspects (Green, Yellow or Red)through different a changeable lens arrangement, in 1935. It was also in 1935 that electrification of the lines through Hackney was suggested, although many years were to pass before these plans came to fruition.
The 1935 re-signalling saw the closure of Hackney Downs South signal box with the North signal box (which dated from 1872) becoming plain Hackney Downs.
British Railways (1948-1994)
The lines through Hackney were electrified in the late 1950s with electric services commencing operation on 21 November 1960. The original 1872 signal box was replaced by a new signal box located on platforms 2 and 3 in May of the same year.
The ticket hall was rebuilt in the early 1980s along with changes to the roofs on the platforms. The island platform's wooden roof was replaced with steel sheeting on the existing frames whilst the side platforms were left unaltered other than the removal of their "dog-tooth" fascia boards.
To coincide with the closure of Broad Street station in 1986 a new line linking the North London Line to the Slow Lines just south of Hackney Downs was opened to allow operation of Watford - Liverpool Street services. This occupied the site of the former Graham Road GER goods depot which was accessed from the North London line. Passenger services ceased circa 1992 although empty stock trains have used it since. The line is little used in 2017.
The privatisation era (1994-present day)
The signal box, installed in 1960 when the line was electrified, closed in May 2001 when signalling on the line was centralised at Liverpool Street.
Ticket barriers were installed in 2011.
A pedestrian link between Hackney Downs and Hackney Central stations was opened in 2015 by LOROL. Until Hackney Central's closure in 1944, a passenger connection had linked the two stations. However, when Hackney Central re-opened in 1985, the footway was not reinstated and passengers transferring between the two stations were obliged to leave one and walk along the street to the other, until the link was rebuilt.
The Lea Valley Lines were previously operated by Abellio Greater Anglia as part of the East Anglia franchise. In 2015 they transferred to London Overground operation. Some West Anglia Main Line services continue to call at Hackney Downs.
The typical off-peak service of trains per hour (tph) is as follows:
|Operator/line||Frequency to destination|
|London Overground||8 tph to London Liverpool Street
2 tph to Cheshunt
2 tph to Enfield Town
4 tph to Chingford
|Abellio Greater Anglia||2 tph to London Liverpool Street
2 tph to Hertford East
- "Out of Station Interchanges" (XLS). Transport for London. May 2011. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012.
- "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- Forgotten Stations of Greater London by J.E.Connor and B.Halford
- Chronology of London Railways by H.V.Borley
- Wilson, Bryan (October 2002). "Hackney Downs Station, Middlesex". Great Eastern Journal. 112: 21.
- Wilson, Bryan (October 2002). "Hackney Downs Station, Middlesex". Great Eastern Journal. 112: 21,22.
- Unknown, letter (April 2003). "A-Z of GER stations Hackney Downs Station, Middlesex". Great Eastern Journal. 114: 57.
- Wilson, Bryan (October 2002). "Hackney Downs Station, Middlesex". Great Eastern Journal. 112: 22.
- Wilson, Bryan (October 2002). "Hackney Downs Station, Middlesex". Great Eastern Journal. 112: 23.
- Wilson, Bryan (October 2002). "Hackney Downs Station, Middlesex". Great Eastern Journal. 112: 25.
- TFL appoints London Overground operator to run additional services Transport for London 28 May 2014
- TfL count on LOROL for support Rail Professional 28 May 2014
- Media related to Hackney Downs railway station at Wikimedia Commons
|Preceding station||London Overground||Following station|
towards Liverpool Street
|Enfield & Cheshunt Line|
towards Liverpool Street
|London Liverpool Street||Greater Anglia
Lea Valley Lines