Hackney North and Stoke Newington (UK Parliament constituency)
|Hackney North and Stoke Newington|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Hackney North and Stoke Newington in Greater London.
|Electorate||74,780 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Diane Abbott (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Hackney North; Stoke Newington|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
Hackney North and Stoke Newington is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom since 1987 by Diane Abbott of the Labour Party, who has served as Shadow Home Secretary since 6 October 2016. Abbott was one of the first three Black British MPs elected, and the first Black female MP.
- 1 Constituency profile
- 2 History
- 3 Boundaries
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Election results
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
- 8 External links
The constituency has always elected Labour MPs since its creation in 1950. While well connected to Central London, including the City of London, the seat generally has moderate incomes rather than high, and a narrow majority of wards had a relatively high ranking when placed in the Index of Multiple Deprivation, compiled in 2000. In line with most of Greater London since 2000 many parts, especially Stamford Hill, Upper Clapton, Lower Clapton have become marginal in terms of local councillors and these districts, with to a lesser extent the eponymous Hackney and Stoke Newington, are in the process of becoming re-gentrified with ongoing increases in land value, proximity to the London 2012 venues and a council that successfully reduced the level of crime by about 30 per cent within a four-year period. Demographically, almost 60 per cent of households are singletons and households have a higher than average level of unemployment. Through all this change, under incumbent Diane Abbott, the seat has become a safe seat for Labour. Prior to her promotion to the Shadow Cabinet, Abbott for many years was Labour's regular commentator opposite Michael Portillo on the light-hearted political round-up series This Week, and still appears on the show periodically.
The seat was created in 1950 and has gone through many changes: in January 2006 the boundary moved again, this time to correspond with the local government ward boundaries.
Following major electoral reform at the Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885, part of the Third Reform Act, the seat of Hackney was divided into two and Hackney North was formed, this time to return only one Member of Parliament, commencing with the 1885 general election.
The Stoke Newington constituency was created at the 1918 general election by the division of the Hackney North constituency by the Representation of the People Act, 1918, known generally as Fourth Reform Act; an Act most importantly remembered for the first time extending suffrage to women. The constituency was identical in area to the Metropolitan Borough of Stoke Newington.
Following a decrease in the population the two constituencies were merged by the Representation of the People Act, 1948, retaining David Weitzman as MP and becoming the current constituency in the 1950 general election.
- Political history
The seat's narrowest majority of 18.3% was in 1979 and its greatest, 48.3%, was in 1997 — correlating with poor and landslide ratings nationally for the Labour Party, see chart at List of United Kingdom general elections. The 2015 result made the seat the 18th safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority and seventh safest in London.
1950–1955: The Metropolitan Borough of Hackney wards of Leaside, Maury, Southwold, Springfield, and Stamford, and the Metropolitan Borough of Stoke Newington.
1955–1974: The Metropolitan Borough of Hackney wards of Northfield, Northwold, Rectory, and Springfield, and the Metropolitan Borough of Stoke Newington.
1974–1983: The London Borough of Hackney wards of Brownswood, Clissold, Defoe, New River, Northfield, Northwold, and Springfield.
1983–2010: The London Borough of Hackney wards of Brownswood, Clissold, Eastdown, Leabridge, New River, North Defoe, Northfield, Northwold, Rectory, South Defoe, and Springfield.
2010–present: The London Borough of Hackney wards of Brownswood, Cazenove, Clissold, Dalston, Hackney Downs, Leabridge, Lordship, New River, Springfield, and Stoke Newington Central.
The constituency covers the northern part of the London Borough of Hackney.
Members of Parliament
|1987||Diane Abbott||Labour||Shadow Minister for Public Health (9 October 2010 – 8 October 2013)
Shadow Secretary of State for International Development (13 September 2015 – 27 June 2016)
Shadow Secretary of State for Health (27 June 2016 – 6 October 2016)
Shadow Home Secretary (6 October 2016 – present)
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Joe Richards||3,817||6.8||+1.8|
|Animal Welfare||Jonathan Homan||222||0.4||-0.1|
|Friends Party||Coraline Corlis-Khan||59||0.1||+0.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Simon de Deney||2,492||5.0||−18.9|
|Animal Welfare||Jon Homan||221||0.5||+0.5|
|Communist League||Jonathan Silberman||102||0.2||+0.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Keith Angus||11,092||23.9||+0.8|
|Monster Raving Loony||Knigel Knapp||182||0.4||−0.4|
|Magna Carta Party||Jack Pope-de-Locksley||26||0.1||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||James Blanchard||6,841||23.3||+9.2|
|Socialist Labour||Nusrat Sen||296||1.0||−1.6|
|Monster Raving Loony||Nigel Barrow||248||0.8||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Meral Ece||4,170||14.1||+3.9|
|Socialist Labour||Sukant Chandan||756||2.6||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Douglas Taylor||3,306||10.2||−1.3|
|Green||Yen Chit Chong||1,395||4.3||1.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Keith Fitchett||3,996||11.5||−7.7|
|Green||Heather M. Hunt||1,111||3.2||+0.6|
|Natural Law||J Windsor||178||0.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|SDP–Liberal Alliance||Simon Howard Taylor||7,446||19.2||+3.4|
|Green||David John FitzPatrick||997||2.6||+1.2|
|Red Front||Yasmini Train Anwar||228||0.6||N/A|
|SDP–Liberal Alliance||D Ash||5,746||15.8||N/A|
|Ecology||David John FitzPatrick||492||1.4||N/A|
|National Front||J Field||396||1.1||-1.9|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||Sylvia May||860||3.0||-0.74|
|Conservative||Anthony John Wylson||5,972||21.39||-2.56|
|Liberal||Simon J. Lyons||3,796||13.60||-4.55|
|National Front||Henry Charles Lord||1,044||3.74||-0.01|
|Workers Revolutionary||Michael Van der Poorten||159||0.57||N/A|
|Conservative||Anthony John Wylson||7,826||23.95||-10.75|
|Liberal||Simon J. Lyons||5,932||18.15||N/A|
|National Front||Henry Charles Lord||1,226||3.75||N/A|
|Conservative||John R. Boast||11,298||34.72||+6.28|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||John R. Boast||10,221||28.44||-0.14|
|Conservative||Roger L. White||10,843||28.58||-4.76|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative||Roger L. White||14,515||33.34||-0.87|
|Conservative||William H. Bishop||19,469||31.6||N/A|
|Social Credit||John Hargrave||551||0.9||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Hackney
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Greater London
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk.
- "Hackney Council Hackney". www.hackney.gov.uk.
- "Area and Property Guide for E5 - Mouseprice". www.mouseprice.com.
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 1)
- "Hackney North & Stoke Newington parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-7979/CBP-7979.pdf] House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report Check
|url=value (help). Missing or empty
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Hackney North & Stoke Newington parliamentary constituency - Election 2017" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- Statement of People Nominated Hackney Borough Council
- "Election 2010". BBC News. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- Politics Resources (Election results from 1922 onwards)
- Electoral Calculus (Election results from 1955 onwards)
- Diane Abbott's website