Hackney North (UK Parliament constituency)

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Hackney North
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851950
Number of members one
Replaced by Stoke Newington and Hackney North
Created from Hackney
Hackney North in London 1885-1918
Hackney North in London 1918-50

Hackney North was a parliamentary constituency in the "The Metropolis" (later the County of London). It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

History[edit]

Elections have been held here since Simon de Montfort's Parliament in 1265 for the county constituency of Middlesex.

Under the Great Reform Act of 1832 and from then onward, Hackney formed part of the new Parliamentary Borough of Tower Hamlets. This much larger area than today's borough with that name was only divided with the creation of the two seat constituency of Hackney at the 1868 general election, comprising the large parishes of Bethnal Green and Shoreditch.[1] This was a creation of the Second Reform Act or the officially termed Representation of the People Act, 1867. Hackney's increased democratic representation provided suffrage for the first time to working-class men but was originally intended to increase the number of seats held in the House of Commons by the Conservative Party.

The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885 when the two-member Parliamentary Borough of Hackney was split into three single-member divisions. The seat, officially the Northern Division of the Parliamentary Borough of Hackney was first contested at the 1885 general election. The constituency was abolished under the Representation of the People Act, 1948 for the 1950 general election, when it was largely replaced by the new Hackney North and Stoke Newington constituency.

Boundaries[edit]

Hackney Met. B Ward Map 1916.svg
Stoke Newington Met. B Ward Map 1916.svg

1885–1918[edit]

In 1885 the constituency was defined as consisting of:

1918–1950[edit]

The Representation of the People Act 1918 redrew constituencies throughout Great Britain. Seats in the County of London were redefined in terms of wards of the Metropolitan Boroughs that had been created in 1900. The Metropolitan Borough of Hackney was divided into three divisions, with the same names as the constituencies created in 1885. Hackney North was defined as consisting of :

  • Stamford Hill Ward
  • The part of Clapton Park Ward to the north of a line drawn along the centres of Glenarm Road, Glyn Road and Redwald Road to its junction with Maclaren Street, thence across the recreation grounds in Daubeney Road to the borough boundary at a point fifty feet north of a boundary post situate at the junction of the Waterworks River with the River Lea at Lead Mill Point.
  • The part of West Hackney Ward to the north and west of the centre of Shacklewell Lane.[3]

Stoke Newington was removed from the seat, and became a separate constituency.[3]

Redistribution[edit]

The constituency was abolished by the Representation of the People Act 1948. The Borough of Hackney and Stoke Newington jointly formed two seats, Stoke Newington and Hackney North and Hackney South. The bulk of Hackney North passed to the Stoke Newington and Hackney North seat.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Sir Lewis Pelly Conservative
1892 by-election William Robert Bousfield Conservative
1906 Thomas Hart-Davies Liberal
1910 Walter Greene Conservative
1923 Hobbis Harris Liberal
1924 Sir Austin Hudson Conservative
1945 Henry Edwin Goodrich Labour
1950 constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

Elections 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Hackney North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Lewis Pelly 3,327 53.3 N/A
Liberal Aeneas McIntyre 2,911 46.7 N/A
Majority 416 6.7 N/A
Turnout 77.4 n/a
Conservative win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Hackney North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Lewis Pelly 3,351 64.5 +11.2
Liberal William Hickman Smith Aubrey 1,848 35.5 -11.2
Majority 1,503 28.9 +22.2
Turnout 64.5 -12.9
Conservative hold Swing +11.2

Elections 1890s[edit]

Bousfield
Hackney North by-election 1892[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Bousfield 4,460 56.1 -8.4
Liberal Thomas Arrowsmith Meates 3,491 43.9 +8.4
Majority 969 12.2 -16.8
Turnout 79.0 +14.5
Conservative hold Swing -8.4
General Election 1892: Hackney South[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Bousfield 4,799 59.4 +3.3
Liberal John M McCall 3,280 40.6 -3.3
Majority 1,519 18.8 +6.6
Turnout 80.3 +1.3
Conservative hold Swing +3.3
General Election 1895: Hackney North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Bousfield 4,725 65.8 +6.4
Liberal Sylvain Mayer 2,460 34.2 -6.4
Majority 2,265 31.6 +12.8
Turnout 62.8 -17.5
Conservative hold Swing +6.4

Elections 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Hackney North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Bousfield 5,005 67.3 +1.5
Liberal Herbert Wilberforce 2,437 32.7 -1.5
Majority 2,568 34.5 +3.0
Turnout 63.4 +0.6
Conservative hold Swing +1.5
Hart-Davies
General Election 1906: Hackney North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Hart-Davies 4,655 51.8 +19.1
Conservative William Bousfield 4,331 48.2 -19.1
Majority 224 2.5 38.2
Turnout 80.2 +16.8
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +19.1

Elections 1910s[edit]

Greene
General Election January 1910: Hackney North[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Walter Greene 5,620 54.1 +21.4
Liberal Thomas Hart-Davies 4,773 45.9 -21.4
Majority 847 8.2 42.8
Turnout 88.2 +8.0
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +21.4
General Election December 1910: Hackney North[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Walter Greene 5,290 56.2 +2.1
Liberal William Arthur Addinsell 4,126 43.8 -2.1
Majority 1,164 12.4 +4.3
Turnout 79.9 -8.3
Conservative hold Swing +2.1
General Election 14 December 1918: Hackney North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Walter Greene 9,873 70.6 +14.4
Liberal Wright Burrows 4,119 29.4 -14.4
Majority 5,754 41.1 +28.7
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Hackney North [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Walter Greene 13,002 60.8 -9.8
Liberal Philip Guedalla 8,387 39.2 +9.8
Majority 4,615 21.6 -19.6
Turnout 21,389 63.5 +13.2
Conservative hold Swing -9.8
Hobbis Harris
General Election 1923: Hackney North[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Hobbis Harris 11,177 54.0 +16.3
Conservative Walter Greene 9,523 46.0 -16.3
Majority 1,654 8.0 32.6
Turnout 61.2 -2.3
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +16.3
General Election 1924: Hackney North[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Austin Hudson 11,975 47.4 +1.4
Liberal John Hobbis Harris 7,181 28.4 -25.6
Labour Stella Churchill 6,097 24.1 N/A
Majority 4,794 19.0
Conservative gain from Liberal
General Election 1929: Hackney North[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Austin Hudson 11,199 35.7 -11.7
Labour Frank Bowles 10,333 32.9 +8.7
Liberal John Hobbis Harris 9,844 31.4 +3.0
Majority 866 2.8 21.8
Unionist hold Swing -10.2

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Hackney North[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Austin Hudson 20,545 69.5 +33.8
Labour Frank Bowles 9,022 30.5 -2.4
Majority 11,523 38.9 +36.1
Conservative hold
General Election 1935: Hackney North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Austin Hudson 15,000 51.9 -17.6
Labour Frank Bowles 13,920 48.1 +17.6
Majority 1,080 3.7 -35.2
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Hackney North[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Henry Goodrich 17,337 65.0 +16.9
Conservative Austin Hudson 5,771 21.7 -30.2
Liberal Doreen Gorsky 3,546 13.3 N/A
Majority 11,566 43.4
Labour gain from Conservative

References[edit]

  1. ^ Representation of the People Act 1867, Schedule C, New Boroughs formed by Division of the Borough of the Tower Hamlets
  2. ^ Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885, C. 23., Sixth Schedule, Divisions of boroughs. Number, names, contents, and boundaries of divisions.
  3. ^ a b Representation of the People Act 1918 c.64, Ninth Schedule: Redistribution of Seats
  4. ^ "Election Intelligence. North Hackney-Result". The Times. 12 May 1892. p. 6. 
  5. ^ "The General Election. The Polls". The Times. 7 July 1892. p. 6. 
  6. ^ "Progress Of The General Election". The Times. 20 January 1910. p. 6. 
  7. ^ "Progress Of The General Election". The Times. 7 December 1910. p. 7. 
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 by FWS Craig
  9. ^ "The General Election: First Returns, Polling In The Boroughs, Liberal Gains". The Times. 7 December 1923. p. 6. 
  10. ^ "The General Election: First Returns, Polling In The Boroughs". The Times. 30 October 1924. p. 6. 
  11. ^ "The General Election: First Returns, Polling In The Boroughs". The Times. 31 May 1929. p. 6. 
  12. ^ "The General Election: First Returns, Polling In The Boroughs". The Times. 28 October 1931. p. 6. 
  13. ^ "UK general election results 1945". Political Science Resources. University of Keele. Retrieved 2009-04-25.