Hadadezer

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Hadadezer
Zakkur Stele 0154.jpg
Stele of Zakkur
King of Aram Damascus
(King of Syria)
Reign880 BC – 842 BC
PredecessorBen-Hadad I
SuccessorHazael
Died842 BC
IssuePossibly Hazael

Hadadezer (/ˌhædəˈdzər/; "[the god] Hadad is help"[1]); also known as Adad-Idri (Akkadian: 𒀭𒅎𒀉𒊑, translit. dIM-id-ri), and possibly the same as Bar-Hadad II (Aram.) or Ben-Hadad II (Heb.), was the king of Aram Damascus at the time of the battle of Qarqar against the Assyrian king Shalmaneser III in 853 BCE. He and Irhuleni of Hamath led a coalition of eleven kings (listed as twelve) at Qarqar (including Ahab of Israel and Gindibu the Arab). He fought Shalmaneser six other times, twice more with the aid of Irhuleni and possibly the rest of the coalition that fought at Qarqar.

He may be the king mentioned in the Stele of Zakkur, but this is uncertain. According to an inscription of the Assyrian king Shalmanesser III, Hadad-Ezer was succeeded by Hazael.[2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Bill T. Arnold; H. G. M. Williamson (26 October 2011). Dictionary of the Old Testament: Historical Books. InterVarsity Press. pp. 46–. ISBN 978-0-8308-6946-6.
  2. ^ Grayson, A. (1996). Assyrian Rulers of the Early First Millennium BC II (858-745). Toronto: University of Toronto Press. p. 118. ISBN 0802008860.
Preceded by
Ben-Hadad I
King of Aram Damascus
880 BC – 842 BC
Succeeded by
Hazael