Hadadezer bar Rehob
|Hadadezer bar Rehob|
|King of Zobah|
Hadadezer (bib Heb: Ḥăḏaḏeʹzer; meaning "Hadad helps"), son of Rehob, was king of Zobah, a Syrian (Aramaean) kingdom that may have been in the Beqaa valley of Lebanon, extended along the eastern side of the Anti-Lebanon Mountains reaching Hamath to the north. The kingdom of Zobah exercised power throughout southern Syria, and inevitably clashed with the expanding empire of Israel.
Hanun, the king of the Ammonites, hired Hadadezer in his war against David. Joab found them in a double-battle array, with the Ammonites toward the capital of Rabbah, and Syrian mercenaries near Madaba. David battled the Syrians which caused them to scatter. This alarmed the Ammonites, who fled back to their capital.
After the Syrians were defeated, Hadadezer traveled north to "recover his border" (2 Samuel 8:3). The power of the Ammonites and the Syrians was finally broken, and David's empire expanded to the Euphrates (2 Sam. 10:15-19; 2 Chr. 19:15-19).
- Eerdmans 2000, p. 537.
- Eerdmans 2000, p. 537: According to Mark Anthony Phelps, in association with David Noel Freedman, the precise location of the city of Zobah is not known; however there is some agreement that it may have lied in the Beqaa valley of Lebanon. In later Assyrian documents it may have been named a provincial center that derived from the recently incorporated city of Damascus..
- "The Doctrine of Aram (Syria)". kukis.org. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
- Easton 1894, p. 302.
- Easton 1894, p. 303.
- Easton, Matthew George (1894). Easton's Bible Dictionary (Extended Annotated ed.). Altenmünster: T. Nelson. pp. 302–303. ISBN 9783849621865.
- Eerdmans, David Noel Freedman, ed.-in-chief; Allen C. Myers, associate ed.; Astrid B. Beck, managing (2000). Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. Grand Rapids, MI [etc.]: Eerdmans. p. 537. ISBN 9789053565032.