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Duck pond and cottages
|Haddenham shown within Buckinghamshire|
|Population||4,502 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|Website||Haddenham Parish Council|
Haddenham is a village and civil parish in the Aylesbury Vale district of Buckinghamshire, England. It is about 5 miles (8 km) southwest of Aylesbury and 2 miles (3 km) northeast of Thame in neighbouring Oxfordshire. The 2011 Census recorded its population as 4,502.
The place-name "Haddenham" is derived from the Old English Hǣdanhām, "Hǣda's Homestead" or, perhaps Hǣdingahām, "the home of the Hadding tribe". It is possible that the first villagers were members of the Hadding tribe from Haddenham in Cambridgeshire. It is known that the first Anglo-Saxons to settle in the Vale of Aylesbury were followers of Cuthwulf, from Cottenham in Cambridgeshire, who marched southwest to the Thames after routing the British at the Battle of Bedcanford in 571. The Domesday Book of 1086 records the manor as Hedreham. In 1142 it was recorded as Hedenham.
From the Norman conquest of England until the Dissolution of the Monasteries the Convent of St Andrew in Rochester, Kent held the manor. The Crown held the manor for the remainder of the reign of Henry VIII. Thereafter it passed to his daughter Elizabeth I.
Haddenham is one of only three "wychert (or whitchet) villages" in England. Wychert is a method of building with a white clay mixed with straw to make walls and buildings, which are then thatched or topped with red clay tiles.
Haddenham was long a stronghold of radicalism and in particular of the Buckinghamshire Farm Labourers Union established in 1872 by Edward Richardson of Dinton.
Haddenham used to have several more pubs than today. The Anchor and the Eight Bells at Church End are now private houses. The Waggon and Horses in High Street was converted into the Peking Rendezvous Chinese restaurant, but closed in 2013. The Red Lion in Church End also closed in 2013. A developer applied for planning permission to demolish the Red Lion and replace it with housing, but in 2014 Aylesbury Vale District Council rejected the application.
In 1906 the Great Western Railway opened the railway through the parish, with Haddenham railway station to serve the village. In 1963 British Railways closed the station but kept the line open. In 1987 BR opened Haddenham & Thame Parkway station at a new site, a few hundred yards west of the old one. The railway is part of what is now the Chiltern Main Line.
The Church of England parish church of St Mary the Virgin is of 12th-century Norman origin but parts of may still remain from its first building, which was Saxon. William II granted the parish to the Benedictine abbey of Rochester, Kent.
There is also a Roman Catholic church, and Baptist and Methodist chapels. Both of the chapels are built of whitchet. A possibly spurious claim[by whom?] is that the Methodist Chapel dated 1822 is the largest building in the world made of whitchet (wychert). Although it (and the similarly-sized Baptist Chapel) is a sizeable Grade II listed building, the most notable fact is the unsupported height rather than length of the walls – one of which collapsed in July 2001 but was rebuilt. Haddenham Museum, which opened in 1998, is in the Methodist Chapel schoolroom.
Economy and amenities
Haddenham is known for its ponds which were used to breed Aylesbury ducks. Breeding has been revived recently on the pond in front of the parish church.
Haddenham has two pubs: the Kings Head and the Rising Sun. Three former pubs are now restaurants: House of Spice (Indian, formerly The Crown), the Rose and Thistle (Chinese), and Twist at the Green Dragon There are three cafés: Little Italy at the station, Little Italy at Fort End and Tickerty Brew on the Parade.
Haddenham has a butcher, a baker, a greengrocer, a barber shop, a hairdresser's and some smaller retailers. Haddenham has also a garden centre and a farm shop.
Haddenham has an industrial estate next to the small grass-strip airfield, a commercial district, and Haddenham and Thame Parkway railway station on the Chiltern Main Line that links Birmingham Snow Hill and London Marylebone.
Haddenham has a community Infant School, Haddenham Junior School and the voluntary aided Haddenham St Mary's Church of England School. Haddenham is in the catchment area for Prince Risborough upper school and grammar schools: Aylesbury Grammar School, Aylesbury High School and Sir Henry Floyd Grammar School in Aylesbury.
Several photographers and artists live in the village and use its surroundings in their work.
Haddenham is policed by the Haddenham and District Neighbourhood Policing team based at the police station in Waddesdon. They work with the community via the Haddenham Neighbourhood action group. Representatives from the various villages in the area meet every six weeks to discuss neighbourhood priorities and to put forward plans to reduce crime.
Haddenham in transition
The village has a transition group, part of the Transition network that organises activities to improve the community's resilience and awareness of the changes to living standards, energy and resource security. The group was founded as Transition Thame and District but in autumn 2010 refocussed on Haddenham and in February 2011 became officially recognised as a transition initiative.
The group runs and attends a number of events each year including apple pressing, Homemade in Haddenham, free thermal imaging surveys, a local food group and bulk purchase of solar photovoltaic panels. In November 2011 the group hosted the Transition Training course with the generous support of Midcounties Co-operative. Monthly meetings are held at the Rose and Thistle pub, just around the corner from the village green.
Haddenham is the birthplace of British composer Doreen Carwithen (1922-2003).
The astronomer William Rutter Dawes (1799-1868) had his home and private observatory in the village from 1857 to 1868.
The architect Peter Aldington (1929?-present) and his wife have their home in Haddenham. He is one of a very select group of architects branded by English Heritage as the "living listed".
The village appears in the second Muppet film, The Great Muppet Caper. Having been forced to fly in an aeroplane's baggage hold, Kermit the Frog, Fozzie Bear and Gonzo are thrown out of the plane and land in Haddenham's Church End pond.
- "Area: Haddenham (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- Historic England. "The Anchor (Grade II) (1118284)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
- Historic England. "Eight Bells House (Grade II) (1332914)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
- RCHME 1912, p. 176–184
- "Red Lion Development". Haddenham.net. Keith Milmer. 1 May 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
- "Red Lion Demolition Rejected". Haddenham.net. Keith Milmer. 20 June 2014. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
- Historic England. "Former Wesleyan Chapel Haddenham Methodist Church (Grade II) (1118269)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
- The Kings Head Haddenham
- House of Spice
- the Rose and Thistle
- Twist at the Green Dragon
- The Haddenham and Thame way to start your... Archived 6 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- Ofsted Entry for Haddenham Infant School
- Ofsted Entry for Haddenham Junior School
- Ofsted Entry for Haddenham St Mary's Church of England School
- "286447 – The Wildlife Hospital Trust". Charity Commission for England and Wales. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
- "Haddenham Beer Festivals Trust".
- "Haddenham and Long Crendon neighbourhood". Thames Valley Police.
- "Haddenham Historic Town Assessment Final Consultation Report" (pdf). Buckinghamshire County Council.
- Page, W.H., ed. (1908). A History of the County of Buckingham. Victoria County History. 2. London: Archibald Constable & Co. pp. 281–286.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1960). Buckinghamshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 149–150. ISBN 0-14-071019-1.
- RCHME, ed. (1912). An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in the County of Buckinghamshire. 1, South. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. pp. 176–184.
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