Haddiscoe

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Haddiscoe
St Mary's Church, Haddiscoe (1) - geograph.org.uk - 587997.jpg
St Mary's parish church
Haddiscoe is located in Norfolk
Haddiscoe
Haddiscoe
Location within Norfolk
Area19.88 km2 (7.68 sq mi)
Population487 (2011 Census)
• Density24/km2 (62/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTM444969
Civil parish
  • Haddiscoe
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townNorwich
Postcode districtNR14
Dialling code01502
PoliceNorfolk
FireNorfolk
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
UK Parliament
WebsiteHaddiscoe
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk
52°30′55″N 1°36′02″E / 52.51514°N 1.60062°E / 52.51514; 1.60062Coordinates: 52°30′55″N 1°36′02″E / 52.51514°N 1.60062°E / 52.51514; 1.60062

Haddiscoe is a village and civil parish in the South Norfolk district of Norfolk, England, about 16 miles (26 km) southeast of Norwich. The parish is on the county boundary with Suffolk, about 7 miles (11 km) west-northwest of Lowestoft. The parish includes the hamlet of Thorpe-next-Haddiscoe, about 1 mile (1.6 km) north of Haddiscoe village.[1]

The civil parish has an area of 19.88 km2 (7.68 sq mi).[citation needed] The 2011 Census recorded its population as 487 people in 210 households.[2]

Toponym[edit]

The Domesday Book of 1086 records the toponym as Hadescou. An entry for 1208 in the feet of fines and one for 1236 in the Book of Fees each record it as Hadesco. A Close Roll dated 1253 records it as Haddesco.[3]

The toponym is derived from Old Norse. "Hadd" was someone's name, and the second part of the word is derived from the Norse word skōgr meaning "wood", so the place was "Hadd's wood".[3]

Churches[edit]

The local church in the village is dedicated to St. Mary and was originally constructed in the 15th century. The oldest part of the Church of England parish church of St Mary is the 11th-century west tower.[4] St Mary's is one of 124 round-tower churches in Norfolk. Inside the church are 14th-century murals including one of St Christopher carrying Jesus Christ.[4] Jan Pier Pier, a 16th-century Dutch immigrant and creator of some of the dykes surrounding the village, is buried in the nave.[citation needed] St Mary's is a Grade I listed building.[4]

St Matthias' parish church, Thorpe-next-Haddiscoe

In Thorpe-next-Haddiscoe is the Church of England parish church of St Matthias. It too has an 11th-century round tower. Its nave has a thatched roof, and its chancel was rebuilt in brick in 1838. St Matthias' is a Grade I listed building.[5]

Economic and social history[edit]

Haddiscoe was in Clavering hundred.[6]

Haddiscoe was the site of Norfolk's only Knights Templar preceptory.[citation needed] It was dissolved in the 14th Century.

The Haddiscoe Hoard, the largest hoard of English Civil War coins found in Norfolk to date, was found on 17 July 2003 by a workman on a flood defence scheme.[citation needed]

Toft Monk's windpump

Toft Monks mill is a disused windpump that used to drain the marshes into the River Waveney.[7]

The Haddiscoe Cut (New Cut), a canal linking the River Waveney and River Yare, was opened in 1833. It joins the River Waveney in the parish near Haddiscoe railway station. The cut now forms part of the parish boundary.

Under the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 Haddiscoe was in the Loddon and Clavering Union.[6]

A railway linking Reedham and Lowestoft was authorised in 1845 and opened by the Norfolk Railway in 1847. It passes through Haddiscoe parish, partly alongside the Haddiscoe Cut. The original Haddiscoe railway station was opened to serve it.

In 1862 the Norfolk Railway became part of the Great Eastern Railway, which in 1904 replaced the original Haddiscoe railway station with the present one. It is about 1 12 miles (2.4 km) from the centre of the village and is served by Wherry Lines trains linking Norwich and Lowestoft.

The landscape painter Sir John Arnesby Brown (1866–1955) lived in Haddiscoe and is buried in St Mary's parish churchyard.[8]

A stray V-1 flying bomb fell in Haddiscoe in the Second World War.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Broads (Map). 1:25,000. Explorer. Southampton: Ordnance Survey. 2005. § OL40. ISBN 0-319-23769-9.
  2. ^ "Haddiscoe Parish". nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  3. ^ a b Ekwall 1960, Haddiscoe
  4. ^ a b c Historic England. "Church of St Mary  (Grade I) (1169126)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Matthias  (Grade I) (1306674)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  6. ^ a b Lewis 1848, pp. 366–369.
  7. ^ Historic England. "Toft Monks (detached) windpump  (Grade II) (1050525)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
  8. ^ A listing for Brown's grave

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]