Hadhrami immigrants in Surabaya, 1920
|Regions with significant populations|
|Hadhrami Arabic, (Urdu or Tamil in South Asia, Malay and Indonesian in Southeast Asia, Swahili in East Africa)|
|Islam (Sunni, Shafi'i, Sufi Islam), Judaism, Christian, Paganism|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Arabs, Arab diaspora, Arab Singaporeans, Arab Malaysians, Arab Indonesians, Chaush, Arabs in India, Sri Lankan Moors, Hyderabadi Muslims|
The Hadhrami (Arabic: حضرمي, sing.) or Hadharem (الحضارم, pl.) are people inhabiting the Hadhramaut region in Yemen and their descendants in diaspora communities around the world. They speak Hadhrami Arabic, which belongs to the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic family.
Among the two million inhabitants of Hadhramaut, there are 1,300 distinct tribes.
The Hadharem have a long seafaring and trading tradition. Hadhrami seamen have navigated in large numbers all around the Indian Ocean basin, from the Horn of Africa to the Swahili Coast to the Malabar Coast and Hyderabad in South India, Sri Lanka to Maritime Southeast Asia. They were involved in many places as organizers of the Haj.
The Hadhrami have long had a notable presence in the African Horn region (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia). Hadhrami settlers were instrumental in helping to consolidate the Muslim community in the coastal Benadir province of Somalia, in particular. During the colonial period, disgruntled Hadhrami from the tribal wars additionally settled in various Somalian towns. They were also frequently recruited into the armies of the Somali Sultanates.
- Sri Lankan Moors
- Arab Indonesian
- Arab Malaysian
- Arab Singaporean
- Chaush, in India
- Sodagar (Gujarati Shaikh)
- Hadrami Jews in Israel and abroad
- Lemba people who claim Jewish ancestry via Hadramaut's historic Jewish population
- Nawayath and Barkas, Hyderabad in India
- Surat, Gujarat
- Awadh Saleh Sherman, Kenya, businessman
- Najib Balala, Kenya, Member of Parliament
- Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi, President of Comoros
- Habib Salih, Lamu, Kenya, religious scholar
Horn of Africa
The Abbadies dynasty or Abbadies (Arabic,بنو عباد) was an Arab Muslim Dynasty which arose in Al-Andalus on the downfall of the Caliphate of Cordoba (756–1031). After the collapse, there were multiple small Muslim "Caliphates": the Hammudids, the Zayrids, the Jahwarids, the Dhul-Nunids, the Amirids, the Tojibids, and the Hudids. Of all of these small groups, the Abbadies were the strongest and most of them were absorbed by them. Abbadies rule lasted from about 1023 until 1091, but during the short period of its existence it exhibited singular energy and typified its time.
Abu al-Qasim Muhammad ibn Abbad (or Abbad I; 984 - 25 January 1042) was the eponymous founder of the Abbadid dynasty; he was the first independent Muslim ruler of Seville in Al-Andalus (ruled 1023–1042),dying in 1042.
Abu al-Qasim Muhammad ibn Abbad (ruled 1023–1042), the qadi of Seville, founded the house in 1023. He functioned as the chief of an Arab family settled in the city from the first days of the conquest. The Beni-abbad had not previously played a major role in history, though they were of noble pedigree, hailing from Bani Lakhm, the historical kings of Al-Hira in south-central Iraq. The family also did have considerable wealth.
- Abdurrahman Baswedan, journalist, patriot
- Abu Bakar Bashir, founder of Jamaah Islamiyah
- Ali Alatas, former Foreign Minister
- Alwi Shihab, former Foreign Minister, special envoy to Middle-east and OIC
- Anies Baswedan, scholar, Governor-elect of Jakarta for 2017-2022
- Fadel Muhammad al-Haddar, former minister of maritime affairs and fisheries
- Fuad Hassan, minister of education and culture
- Hamid Algadri, a figure in Indonesian National Revolution and member of parliament
- Habib Abdoe'r Rahman Alzahier, religious leader
- Habib Ali al-Habshi of Kwitang, religious leader
- Habib Munzir Al-Musawa, islamic cleric
- Habib Rizieq Shihab, founder of FPI
- Habib Usman bin Yahya, Mufti of Batavia
- Jafar Umar Thalib, founder of Laskar Jihad
- Sultan Badaruddin II, sultan of Palembang
- Munir Said Thalib Al-Kathiri, human rights activist
- Nuruddin ar-Raniri, Islamic scholar
- Quraish Shihab, Islamic scholar
- Raden Saleh, Artist/painter
- Said Naum, a philanthropist
- Sunan Ampel, Sufi saint
- Sayyid Abdullah Al-Aidarus, religious leader
- Mari Alkatiri, former Prime Minister
- Habib Alwi bin Thahir al-Haddad, Mufti of Johor Bahru
- Syed Muhammad Naquib al-Attas, philosopher
- Syed Hussein Alatas, politician and sociologist
- Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir, writer
- Syed Hamid Albar, politician
- Syed Jaafar Albar, politician
- Syed Sheh Hassan Barakbah, judge
- Syarif Masahor, warrior
- Syed Mokhtar Al-Bukhary businessman
- Syed Nasir Ismail, politician
- Tun Habib Abdul Majid, Grand Vizier
- Zeti Akhtar Aziz, Governor of Central Bank
- House of Jamalullail (Perak)
- House of Jamalullail (Perlis)
- Syed Mohamed Alsagoff, merchant
- Syed Mohamed Syed Ahmad Alsagoff, military leader
- Syed Sharif Omar bin Ali Al Junied, merchant and namesake of Aljunied Road
- General El Edroos
- Salam Masdoosi, Hyderabad, India
- Sulaiman Areeb, Hyderabad, India, poet
- Awaz Sayeed, Hyderabad, India, Urdu writer and poet
- Ahmed Abdullah Masdoosi, Pakistan
- Nuruddin ar-Raniri, Islamic scholar
- Shah Jalal, Bangladesh, Sufi saint
- Shah Paran, Bangladesh, Sufi saint
- Subhani ba Yunus, Pakistan, actor
- Abd Al-Rahman Ali Al-Jifri, politician
- Abdulaziz Al-Saqqaf, human-rights activist
- Faisal Bin Shamlan, politician
- Habib Ali al-Jifri, Islamic scholar
- Habib Umar bin Hafiz, Islamic scholar
- Habib Abdullah bin Alwi al-Haddad, Sufi saint
- Imam Muhammad al-Faqih Muqaddam, founder of Ba'alawi Sufi order
- Sayyid Abu Bakr Al-Aidarus (saint)
- Arab Indonesians
- Hadrami sheikhdom
- History of the Jews in Hadramaut
- Ibn Khaldun al-Hadrami
- Lemba people
- Yemenite Jews
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