Hadid

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Hadid

חָדִיד
Hadid 105.jpg
Hadid is located in Central Israel
Hadid
Hadid
Coordinates: 31°58′3.72″N 34°56′0.95″E / 31.9677000°N 34.9335972°E / 31.9677000; 34.9335972Coordinates: 31°58′3.72″N 34°56′0.95″E / 31.9677000°N 34.9335972°E / 31.9677000; 34.9335972
DistrictCentral
CouncilHevel Modi'in
AffiliationHapoel HaMizrachi
Founded1950
Founded byYemenite immigrants
Population
(2017)[1]
888
Websitewww.hadid.co.il

Hadid (Hebrew: חָדִיד‬) is a moshav in central Israel. Located near Modi'in, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hevel Modi'in Regional Council. In 2017 it had a population of 888.[1]

History[edit]

Hadid was a city of the tribe of Benjamin in Biblical times.[2][3] In the Hellenistic era it was known as 'Adida. Hadid was founded in 1949 as a kibbutz by Yemenite Jewish immigrants, later joined by immigrants from Romania. In 1950, it was reorganized as a moshav affiliated with the Hapoel HaMizrachi movement.[4] The site was about 2km west of the former Palestinian village site and on the land of al-Haditha and the archaeological tel of ancient Hadid.[5]

According to the Mishnah, the town of Hadid was encompassed by a wall before the Israelite conquest of Canaan under Joshua.[6]

Archaeology[edit]

In 2008, an archaeological excavation was conducted by Hagit Torgë at Tel Hadid which yielded scant remains and a building from the Iron Age and the early Persian period.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  2. ^ Ezra 2,33; Nehemiah 11,34
  3. ^ Carta's Official Guide to Israel and Complete Gazetteer to all Sites in the Holy Land. (3rd edition 1993) Jerusalem, Carta, p.179, ISBN 965-220-186-3.
  4. ^ Hadid website
  5. ^ Carta's Official Guide to Israel and Complete Gazetteer to all Sites in the Holy Land
  6. ^ The Mishnah, (ed.) Herbert Danby, Arakhin 9:6 (p. 553 - note 13)
  7. ^ IAA Report: Tel Hadid