Hadley Wickham

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Hadley Wickham
Hadley Wickham in 2015
Hadley Alexander Wickham

(1979-10-14) 14 October 1979 (age 44)
Alma materUniversity of Auckland (BSc, MSc)
Iowa State University (PhD)
Known forggplot2[3]
R packages
Scientific career
ThesisPractical tools for exploring data and models (2008)
Doctoral advisors

Hadley Alexander Wickham (born 14 October 1979) is a New Zealand statistician known for his work on open-source software for the R statistical programming environment. He is the chief scientist at Posit PBC and an adjunct professor of statistics at the University of Auckland, Stanford University, and Rice University. His work includes the data visualisation system ggplot2 and the tidyverse, a collection of R packages for data science based on the concept of tidy data.

Education and career[edit]

Wickham was born in Hamilton, New Zealand. He received a Bachelors degree in Human Biology and a masters degree in statistics at the University of Auckland in 1999–2004 and his PhD at Iowa State University in 2008 supervised by Di Cook and Heike Hofmann.[2][4] He is the chief scientist at Posit PBC (formerly RStudio PBC)[5] and an adjunct professor of statistics at the University of Auckland, Stanford University, and Rice University.[6][7][8]

Wickham is a prominent and active member of the R user community and has developed several notable and widely used packages including ggplot2, plyr, dplyr and reshape2.[8][9] Wickham's data analysis packages for R are collectively known as the tidyverse.[10] According to Wickham's tidy data approach, each variable should be a column, each observation should be a row, and each type of observational unit should be a table.[11]

Honors and awards[edit]

In 2006 he was awarded the John Chambers Award for Statistical Computing for his work developing tools for data reshaping and visualisation.[12] Wickham was named a Fellow by the American Statistical Association in 2015 for "pivotal contributions to statistical practice through innovative and pioneering research in statistical graphics and computing".[13] Wickham was awarded the international COPSS Presidents' Award in 2019 for "influential work in statistical computing, visualisation, graphics, and data analysis" including "making statistical thinking and computing accessible to a large audience".[14]

Personal life[edit]

Wickham's sister Charlotte Wickham is also a statistician.[15]


Wickham's publications[1] include:

  • Wickham, Hadley; Grolemund, Garrett (2017). R for Data Science : Import, Tidy, Transform, Visualize, and Model Data. Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly Media. ISBN 978-1491910399. OCLC 968213225.
  • Wickham, Hadley (2015). R Packages. Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly Media, Inc. ISBN 978-1491910597.
  • Wickham, Hadley (2014). Advanced R. New York: Chapman & Hall/CRC The R Series. ISBN 978-1466586963.
  • Wickham, Hadley (2011). "The split-apply-combine strategy for data analysis". Journal of Statistical Software. 40 (1): 1–29. doi:10.18637/jss.v040.i01.
  • Wickham, Hadley (2010). "A layered grammar of graphics". Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics. 19 (1): 3–28. doi:10.1198/jcgs.2009.07098. S2CID 58971746.
  • Wickham, Hadley (2010). "stringr: modern, consistent string processing". The R Journal. 2 (2): 3–28. doi:10.32614/RJ-2010-012.
  • Wickham, Hadley (2009). ggplot2: Elegant Graphics for Data Analysis (Use R!). New York: Springer. ISBN 978-0387981406.[3]
  • Wickham, Hadley (2007). "Reshaping data with the reshape package". Journal of Statistical Software. 21 (12): 1–20. doi:10.18637/jss.v021.i12.


  1. ^ a b Hadley Wickham publications indexed by Google Scholar Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ a b Hadley Wickham at the Mathematics Genealogy Project Edit this at Wikidata
  3. ^ a b Wickham, Hadley (2011). "ggplot2". Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Computational Statistics. 3 (2): 180–185. doi:10.1002/wics.147. ISSN 1939-5108. S2CID 247702774.
  4. ^ Wickham, Hadley Alexander (2008). Practical tools for exploring data and models. iastate.edu (PhD). Iowa State University. doi:10.31274/rtd-180813-16852. OCLC 247410260. ProQuest 194000416. Retrieved 2019-02-14.
  5. ^ "Hadley Wickham". RStudio. Retrieved 2023-05-05.
  6. ^ "University of Auckland". Retrieved 2017-09-03.
  7. ^ "Hadley Wickham's Profile - Stanford Profiles". Retrieved 2017-09-03. [dead link]
  8. ^ a b "About - RStudio". Retrieved 2014-08-13.
  9. ^ "Top 100 R Packages for 2013 (Jan-May)!". R-statistics blog. 13 June 2013. Retrieved 2014-08-12.
  10. ^ "Welcome to the Tidyverse". Revolution Analytics. Retrieved 2016-09-21.
  11. ^ Wickham, Hadley (2014). "Tidy Data". Journal of Statistical Software. 59 (10). doi:10.18637/jss.v059.i10.
  12. ^ "John Chambers Award Past winners". ASA Sections on Statistical Computing, Statistical Graphics. Archived from the original on 2017-07-31. Retrieved 2014-08-12.
  13. ^ "ASA names 62 fellows" (PDF). American Statistical Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 14 November 2015.
  14. ^ "Kiwi wins prestigious international statistics award for his outstanding contributions to the profession". Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  15. ^ "Hadley Wickham". hadley.nz.

External links[edit]