Hadlow Down

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Hadlow Down
Hadlow Down is located in East Sussex
Hadlow Down
Hadlow Down
Hadlow Down shown within East Sussex
Area 17.0 km2 (6.6 sq mi) [1]
Population 857 (Parish-2011)[2]
• Density 109/sq mi (42/km2)
OS grid reference TQ533240
• London 37 miles (60 km) NNW
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town UCKFIELD
Postcode district TN22
Dialling code 01825
Police Sussex
Fire East Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
Website http://www.hadlowdown.com
List of places
UK
England
East Sussex
51°00′N 0°11′E / 51.00°N 0.18°E / 51.00; 0.18Coordinates: 51°00′N 0°11′E / 51.00°N 0.18°E / 51.00; 0.18
Hadlow Down Church - geograph.org.uk - 393921.jpg

Hadlow Down is a village and civil parish[3] in the Wealden District of East Sussex, England. It is located on the A272 road three miles (4.8 km) north-east of Heathfield. The parish is within the High Weald Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. It came to prominence with the Wealden iron industry in the 17th and 18th centuries. The majority of the population of Hadlow Down now commute to a place of work outside the boundaries of the parish but it still has a strong community atmosphere centred on the New Inn pub, St. Mark's school and St. Mark's church.

The parish church, built and consecrated in 1836, is dedicated to St Mark, and was rebuilt just before World War I.[4][5] Edmond William Costello (1873–1949), holder of the Victoria Cross, is buried in the churchyard; and Diana Rowden (1915–44), SOE agent, lived at Hadlow Down before World War II. A former Calvinistic Baptist chapel, Providence Chapel, stands on Main Road; it was built in 1849 and converted into a house in 1996.[6]

There is a village school is St Mark's CE Primary School.[7]

The village pub is the New Inn.[8] An historic pub interior of "national importance" Listed Status: Grade II. This red-brick hotel-cum-pub built in 1885 for the South Down & East Grinstead Brewery retains its plan-form and fittings virtually intact at present. The central entrance has 'Hotel Entrance' etched glass in the doors and to the right are a pair of doors leading to the public bar with one remaining 'Public Bar' etched panel. To be noted is the ceramic button with the figure '1' above the inside of the front doors – a requirement of licensing magistrates. The pub part is small with a long public bar fronting the main street (there was probably a screen dividing it originally) and one small room behind. The spartan public bar fittings are much as they were in Victorian times with a wood-block floor, a long Victorian counter with the front painted cream, bar back fitting with three large cash drawers (note two slots for notes) and four ceramic spirit barrels (note ‘I Whisky’ from the days before the fad of inserting an ‘e’ to distinguish the Irish from the Scottish variety). There are two sections of wall bench seating attached to matchboard dado panelling and a small early 20th century tiled fireplace with decoration on the wood surround and with a log fire. To be noted is the hatch on the left of the servery for customers of the hotel and waiters who would have served the former restaurant. At the rear right is the snug, a small room which now has a carpet and is home to a bar billiards table, The matchboard dado panels have been painted white and service is via the original split doors with a hatch/shelf to the back of the bar. On the front left side of the building are twin currently out of use doors with ‘Hotel Entrance’ etched panels which lead into a corridor and off to the left is the former dining room with further matchboard panelling and an ornate cast-iron fireplace. The pub still retains its outside gents’ and ladies’.

History[edit]

Until the burgeoning of the Wealden Iron Industry in the 16th. century Hadlow Down was a rural farming community with the small population living either side of the main road that runs through it, it was relatively quiet and secluded. The Wealden cannon making industry started at a furnace on the stream at Hoggets Farm situated to the north of the centre of the village. It was here in 1543 that the first cannon in East Sussex was cast by Iron Master Rolf Hogget (Hugget) and is commemorated in a small rhyme:

'Master Hugget and his man John, They did cast the first cannon.'

The 'John' referred to is believed to be a French cannon maker by the name of Baude whose family is buried at Wartling on the Pevensey Marshes. It is probable that much of the charcoal needed to fire the furnace would have come from charcoal burners living in the area to the south of Hugget's farm and as far as Blackboys.

Clubs & Societies[edit]

The Horticultural Society is well supported as is the unique Variety Club.

Leisure[edit]

Wilderness Wood is a 62-acre (24.6 ha) of woodland, located near the centre of the village,.[9]

Tinkers Park[10] is the home of the Claude Jessett collection of traction engines, steam rollers & fair organs is situated at the eastern end of the village. Hadlow Down is well known for its association with steam engines similar to those being used in the local rural farming industries many years ago. Claude bought his first steam engine 'The Tinker' in 1942 and he used it on his farm at Tinkers Park. By the 1950s Claude and his wife Joyce had become interested in the embryonic steam rally scene and, by the early 60's, their collection of steam engines had grown and they were branching out into collecting fairground organs, farming equipment and narrow gauge railways. The first annual Tinkers Park steam engine rallies was held in 1966 in aid of Cancer Research. The Great Bush Railway is also situated inside Tinkers Park.

The Playing Field is a Community Area with a children's playground. An annual 'Summer Fayre, and late autumn 'Bonfire Night' is also held in the Playing Field.

Hadlow Down Cricket Club merged in 2007 with a Brighton-based club, Moulsecoomb Wanderers, to form Hadlow Down and Moulsecoomb Wanderers Cricket Club, or HDMWCC. The club as HDMWCC play friendly cricket matches only on the Hadlow Down Playing Field.

Landmarks[edit]

Two Sites of Special Scientific Interest are located within the parish. Hastingford Cutting is of geological interest, the cutting exposing a sequence of rocks indicating a lake/lagoon shoreface once existed at the site and the saint marks school.[11] Stockland Farm Meadows is a site of biological importance, consisting of two meadows, the grassland providing habitat for a variety of flora and fauna.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "East Sussex in Figures". East Sussex County Council. Retrieved 26 April 2008. 
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 8 October 2015. 
  3. ^ Hadlow Down community website
  4. ^ St Marks church history
  5. ^ St Marks church today
  6. ^ Elleray, D. Robert (2004). Sussex Places of Worship. Worthing: Optimus Books. p. 26. ISBN 0-9533132-7-1. 
  7. ^ St Marks CE Primary School
  8. ^ http://www.heritagepubs.org.uk/pubs/historic-pub-interior-entry.asp?pubid=154
  9. ^ http://www.wildernesswood.co.uk
  10. ^ http://www.tinkerspark.com
  11. ^ "Natural England – SSSI (Hastingford Cutting)". English Nature. Retrieved 5 October 2008. 
  12. ^ "Natural England – SSSI (Stockland Farm Meadows)". English Nature. Retrieved 5 October 2008.