Hadronyche

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Hadronyche
Victorian funnelweb02.jpg
Hadronyche modesta
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Mygalomorphae
Family: Atracidae
Genus: Hadronyche
L. Koch, 1873[1]
Type species
H. cerberea
L. Koch, 1873
Species

31, see text

Synonyms[1]
  • Anepsiada Rainbow & Pulleine, 1918[2]
  • Pseudatrax Rainbow, 1914[2]
  • Styphlopis Rainbow, 1913[2]

Hadronyche is a genus of venomous Australian funnel web spiders that was first described by L. Koch in 1873.[3] Originally placed with the curtain web spiders, it was moved to the Hexathelidae in 1980,[4] then to the Australian funnel-web spiders in 2018.[5]

While Australian funnel-web spider envenomation is medically significant, there have been no recorded human fatalities as a result since the introduction of antivenom in 1980.[6]

Species[edit]

As of May 2019 it contains thirty-one species, all from Australia:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Gen. Hadronyche L. Koch, 1873". World Spider Catalog Version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern. 2019. doi:10.24436/2. Retrieved 2019-06-10.
  2. ^ a b c Gray, M. R. (1988). "Aspects of the systematics of the Australian funnel web spiders (Araneae: Hexathelidae: Atracinae) based upon morphological and electrophoretic data". Australian Entomological Society Miscellaneous Publication. 5: 117.
  3. ^ Koch, L. (1873). Die Arachniden Australiens.
  4. ^ Raven, R. J. (1980). "The evolution and biogeography of the mygalomorph spider family Hexathelidae (Araneae, Chelicerata)". Journal of Arachnology. 8: 255.
  5. ^ Hedin, M.; et al. (2018). "Phylogenomic reclassification of the world's most venomous spiders (Mygalomorphae, Atracinae), with implications for venom evolution". Scientific Reports. 8 (1636): 4. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-19946-2.
  6. ^ "Australian Venom Research Unit - Funnel web spiders". University of Melbourne. Retrieved 2019-06-09.

External links[edit]