Hadronyche

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Hadronyche
Victorian funnelweb02.jpg
Hadronyche modesta
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Mygalomorphae
Family: Hexathelidae
Subfamily: Atracinae
Genus: Hadronyche
L. Koch, 1873[1]

Hadronyche is a genus of venomous spiders found in Australia. Some species are termed Australian funnel-web spider, being highly venomous members of the Hexathelidae family. While Australian funnel-web spider envenomation is medically significant, there have been no recorded human fatalities as a result since the introduction of antivenom in 1980.[2]

Species[edit]

As of March 2016, the World Spider Catalog accepted the following species:[1]

Two names are regarded as doubtful:[3]

  • Hadronyche hirsuta Rainbow, 1920 — [New Guinea, locality incorrect], nomen dubium
  • Hadronyche insularis (Rainbow, 1913) — [Solomon Islands, locality incorrect], nomen dubium

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Gen. Hadronyche L. Koch, 1873", World Spider Catalog, Natural History Museum Bern, retrieved 2016-03-11 
  2. ^ University of Melbourne; Australian Venom Research Unit - Funnel web spiders
  3. ^ Gray, Michael R. (2010), "A revision of the Australian funnel-web spiders (Hexathelidae: Atracinae)", Records of the Australian Museum, 62 (3): 285–392, doi:10.3853/j.0067-1975.62.2010.1556 

External links[edit]

Data related to Hadronyche at Wikispecies Media related to Hadronyche at Wikimedia Commons