SSM-700K Haeseong

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Hae Sung)
Jump to: navigation, search
Haeseong
Hae fung.jpg
Type Anti-ship missile
Place of origin  Republic of Korea
Service history
In service 2006-present
Used by Naval Jack of South Korea.svg Republic of Korea Navy
Production history
Designer Agency for Defense Development
LIG Nex1
Designed 1996-2003
Manufacturer LIG Nex1
Unit cost 2,500,000,000
Produced 2004-present
Specifications
Weight 718 kg(with launcher:1,016kg)
Length 5.46 m
Width 0.34 m

Engine turbofan
Operational
range
150 km+
Flight altitude Sea-skimming
Speed 1013 km/h (Mach 0.85)
Guidance
system
Inertial guidance / active radar terminal homing

SSM-700K Haeseong (C-Star) Anti-ship Missile (Hangul: 해성 미사일) is a ship launched anti-ship cruise missile developed by the Korea Agency for Defense Development (ADD), LIG Nex1 and the Republic of Korea Navy in 2003.[1] The missiles are deployed on KDX-II and KDX-III destroyers as of 2006, each carrying 8 and 16 of the missiles respectively.

Development History[edit]

During the 1970s the Republic of Korea Navy decided to import Exocet anti-ship missiles to deter North Korean naval provocations. Considering the fact that the DPRK Navy was then and now mostly composed of numerous small to midsize ships, a cheap, small guided anti-ship missile was proposed. In 1978 the Korean Agency for Defense Development (ADD) started the development of the Hae Ryong anti-ship missile, and by 1987 the ROK Navy approved for the mass production of the missiles. But the Hae Ryong was fitted with a semi-active laser guidance system, limiting its tactical capability during bad weather. Additional pressure from the USA ultimately resulted in the termination of the project.

In 1990, the problem of large proportions of the defense budget going into buying anti-ship missiles from foreign countries was brought up. The ROK Navy ordered the ADD to develop a missile that was in par with or better in performance than the Harpoon Block 1C missile. The new missile was codenamed Haeseong, and research of the following core missile technologies was started in 1996.

  • Microwave Seeking System
  • Inertial Navigation System
  • Radio Altimeter
  • Electronic Jamming system
  • Turbofan Engine

After 7 years of research, on August 21, 2003, the ADD successfully test fired the Haeseong and sunk the target dummy vessel. On December 20, 2005 the first production model was successfully fired from ROKS Dae Joyeong (DDH 977) KDX-II class destroyer.

Cruise missiles[edit]

In September 2011, South Korean defense officials confirmed the development of a supersonic cruise missile based on the Haeseong I anti-ship missile. Called the Haeseong II, it is designed as a ship-to-surface cruise missile that travels faster than Mach 1 and can evade defense systems to accurately strike ground targets, particularly North Korean missile launch pads. The missile was developed without the assistance of the United States and will not be offered for export due to restrictions of the Missile Technology Control Regime. Ships will launch the missile with the installation of vertical and slant launch systems, and strike targets over 500 km (310 mi; 270 nmi) away.[2] There is a version of the Haeseong cruise missile designed to be launched underwater from submarines called the Haeseong III.[3] The Haeseong cruise missiles were believed to have become operational in 2013.[4]

Development of the Haeseong II, also called the Tactical Surface Launch Missile (TSLM), was completed in 2014 and FFX-I-class frigates began operating the slant-launched (SL) version from the same inclined canister launchers that fire the anti-ship missile in 2016. Mass production of the vertical launch (VL) version, differing by the presence of a more powerful launch booster with thrust vectoring, to equip FFX-II and FFX-III-class frigates will begin in 2018 and become operational in 2019. The TSLM is equipped with a submunition warhead capable of "covering two football fields" combining a shaped charge and fragmentation jacket to penetrate armored vehicles and destroy soft targets to strike North Korean artillery and missile systems; it can be retargeted in-flight and has improved obstacle avoidance.[5][6][7][8]

Production[edit]

33 units were delivered by 2007 for the first production phase of the missile. 100 more Haeseong missiles are to be delivered to the ROK Navy by 2010.

Production Phase Production Date Production number Notes
Phase 1 2005–2007 33 -
Phase 2 2008–2010 100+ -

Users[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Defence Journal 2006 April p.60