HafenCity

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HafenCity
Locality of Hamburg
Aerial view of HafenCity from the East (2013)
Aerial view of HafenCity from the East (2013)
Location of HafenCity within Hamburg
Location of HafenCity within Hamburg
Coordinates: 53°32′30″N 9°59′36″E / 53.54167°N 9.99333°E / 53.54167; 9.99333Coordinates: 53°32′30″N 9°59′36″E / 53.54167°N 9.99333°E / 53.54167; 9.99333
Country Germany
State Hamburg
City Hamburg
Borough Hamburg-Mitte
Area
 • Total 2.4 km2 (0.9 sq mi)
Elevation 8 m (26 ft)
Population (31 December 2013)
 • Total 1,914
 • Density 800/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
Dialling code(s) 040
ISO 3166 code DE-HH
Vehicle registration HH
Website www.hamburg.de

HafenCity is a quarter in the district of Hamburg-Mitte, Hamburg, Germany, Europe. It is located on the Elbe river islands that were formerly called Kehrwieder and Wandrahm.[citation needed]

HafenCity Hamburg is a project of urban regeneration where the old port warehouses of Hamburg are being replaced with hotels, shops, office buildings, and residential areas. The project is one of the largest rebuilding projects in Europe by landmass (approximately 2.2 square kilometres (220 ha)). The area of HafenCity used to be part of the free port, but with the decreased economic importance of free ports in an era of European Union free trade, large container ships, and increased border security, the Hamburg free port was reduced in size, relieving the current HafenCity area from its restrictions. When completely developed, it will be home to about 12,000 people and the workplace of 40,000 people mostly in office complexes. The prospect for completion is not very clear, but will probably be around 2020-2030.[citation needed]

Demarcation[edit]

Überseequartier, one of the new quarters of HafenCity.

On 1 March 2008, HafenCity was declared to be a separate district through the Law Concerning the Spatial Division of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Gesetz über die räumliche Gliederung der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg) - RäumGlG. It is composed of the former harbor of Großen Grasbrooks as well as the warehouse district on the islands of Kehrwieder and Wandrahm. Together, this borders the districts of Altstadt, Rothenburgsort, and the former district of Klostertor.[1]

On 20 February 2007, a decree of the Senate established the exact border delineation of both parts of the new district. Just over four years earlier, on 1 January 2003, the area was removed from the duty-free zone of Hamburg to allow construction of housing and associated infrastructure.[citation needed]

Speicherstadt[edit]

Because of the new division, the Speicherstadt (Warehouse District) now belongs to the administrative region of the northern part of HafenCity instead of part of the Altstadt. However, the term HafenCity is primarily used to refer to the area of city development, whereas Speicherstadt is seen as a separate quarter.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Traditionsschiffhafen at Sandtorkai.

The land of the former island of Grasbrook, upon which the HafenCity is built, lay until the beginning of the 19th century outside of the city gates. The city fortifications used to run along what is now the street of Am Sandtorkai. The residential areas of Kehrwieder and Wandrahm were inside the walls, in the area of the current HafenCity. Outside the city walls, the boggy areas were used as meadows, and the western end of Große Grasbrook was used a place for executions, including those of pirates Klaus Störtebeker and the Victual Brothers. In the 18th and early 19th centuries, shipyards and port businesses operated here. In 1844, the first gasworks in Hamburg were built on the northern part of the island.[citation needed]

When the capacity of the Binnen- and Niederhafen ports became full at the end of the 19th century, the city walls were demolished and the area of Grasbrook was used to extend the harbor area. In 1868, the first artificial dock was constructed at Sandtorhafen, and in 1881, the Grasbrookhafen was added. The Strandhafen was built directly on the Norderelbe, the Magdeburger Hafen, Brooktorhafen, and Ericusgraben were made to connect to the Oberhafen, and, finally, the Baakenhafen was built with a rail connection to the Hamburg Elbbrücken bridges and the Kirchenpauerhafen with anchorage on the Elbe. Until 1886, the entire island was built up with docks and port installations. In 1872, the Hamburg Hannoverscher train station was constructed on Lohseplatz east of the Magdeburger Hafen. The Kehrwieder and Wandrahm residential quarters were demolisehd in 1883 to allow construction of the customs and duty-free zone of the Port of Hamburg, displacing around 20,000 residents. In 1888, the Warehouse District (Speicherstadt) could then be built in this area. Kaispeicher B was built in 1878 and the administration building of the old port authority (Altes Hafenamt) was built in 1885 at the Magdeburger Hafen. Around the start of the 20th century, the first heated fruit storehouses were constructed, and in 1928, a refrigerated herring warehouse designed by Fritz Schumacher was built.[citation needed]


Culture and Education[edit]

High-rises of the Hanseatic Trade Center around the Kehrwiederspitze; Elbphilharmonie visible in the background.

The city of Hamburg has been building a new concert hall on top of an old warehouse since 2007, to be called the Elbe Philharmonic Hall. The project was supposed to be a new landmark for the city, but has been plagued by vast cost overruns and is currently about six years behind schedule. It is scheduled to be opened by 2016/2017.[2]

The area is served by the Katharinenschule, an elementary school.[3] It is the home of HafenCity University, a new school focusing on architecture and urban planning.[4]

Economy[edit]

The area is currently home to the German headquarters of both Kühne & Nagel, an international shipping conglomerate, The Spiegel Group new headquarters on the Ericusspitze and Unilever.[5] Greenpeace opened its new headquarters in Hafencity in 2011. The Hamburg-America Center opened its doors in 2009.[6]

Transport and Infrastructure[edit]

The Honorary Consulate of the Kyrgyz Republic (Kirgisistan) established in Hamburg in 1995 is located at Am Sandtorkai 77.[7] At Strandkai, cruise ships can berth at Hamburg Cruise Center HafenCity.[citation needed]

Metro station Überseequartier, line U4.

The area is served by a newly constructed underground line, the U4, which was completed in 2012. The line features two new stations: Überseequartier and Hafencity University.[8]

Flood Protection Innovations[edit]

Because HafenCity is subject to periodic flooding from storm surges, using innovative flood protection technologies has been an important part of its redevelopment. The threat from flooding is even more grave due to the predicted effects of climate change. While dikes were initially considered to shield the islands from storm surges, it would have been impossibly expensive and taken away from the view. Instead, there are strict flood-protection rules in places within the special development zone, such as requiring new roads and public spaces to be built on sand terraces over 25 feet (7.6 m) above the normal high-tide line. Buildings along the shore remain at their original level but must be waterproofed up to the elevated-road level. In addition, shore-adjacent buildings are required to have an entryway allowing access to the 25-foot (7.6 m)-high road level so that they remain accessible during times of flooding. Although the design has been expensive, it has been recognized as one of the more innovative flood protection innovations in use today.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

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