Hafizabad

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Hafizabad
حافظ آباد
City
Hafizabad is located in Punjab, Pakistan
Hafizabad
Hafizabad
Hafizabad is located in Pakistan
Hafizabad
Hafizabad
Location in Punjab, Pakistan
Coordinates: 32°4′17″N 73°41′16″E / 32.07139°N 73.68778°E / 32.07139; 73.68778Coordinates: 32°4′17″N 73°41′16″E / 32.07139°N 73.68778°E / 32.07139; 73.68778
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
District Hafizabad District
Union councils 25
Elevation 200 m (700 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 397,000 (city population)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC+6)
Area code(s) 0547

Hafizabad (Punjabi/Urdu: حافظ آباد‎) is a city and tehsil of Hafizabad District in the Punjab province of Pakistan.

Ancient history[edit]

Hafizabad is an old city. In 327 BC, during Alexander's invasion of Punjab, the territory of the Sandal Bar (where Hafizabad is now located) was reported to be a well populated area. Large cities were located in this territory, and a lot of sub states were organised here under the presidency of maharajas and rajas.[1]

In the 6th century, Hafizabad was visited by the famous Chinese traveller Xuanzang. He moved to Sangla and stayed one night in a town, then called Jaipura, which was located near the village of Koriala[citation needed].

Medieval history[edit]

From the beginning of the 7th century Rajput kingdoms dominated Eastern portions of Pakistan and northern India. In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of some western Punjab region. Eastern Regions of Punjab from Multan to the Rawalpindi in north (Including region of present-day Hafizabad) remained under Rajput rule until 1193. The Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire later ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominately Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region. During the Delhi Sultanate period a big city was situated at the site of the present village of Mehdiabad. But afterwards this territory became unpopulated and jungle-like because of shortage of water and Afghan incursions. This situation persisted until Mughal Emperor Akbar's period. Hafizabad was formerly a place of some importance, and is mentioned in the Ain-i-Akbari as headquarters of a Mahal. Hafiz, the founder, was a favourite of emperor Mughal Emperor Akbar.[2] Ghalib Hussain Kharal

Independence[edit]

The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while Muslim refugees from India settled in the Hafizabad. Most of the refugees have since settled and inter-married into the local population.

Hafizabad is 30 miles (48 km) away in the west from Gujranwala. Connection with the city is by Gujranwala Road or Hafizabad Road. On the Wazirabad – Faisalabad Railway Section, Hafizabad is the eighth railway station. The distance to the city of Wazirabad is 37 miles (60 km). Basically it is an agricultural city. Since the construction of an interchange near Sukheke Mandi, Hafizabad is now just 22 kilometres away from the M2 motorway.

Climate[edit]

The district climate is hot during summer and during winter is cold. The Eastern has proximity of rain fall than western part. The monsoon season is from July to September. Fertile soil allow the cultivation of high quality rices. The average per month rainfall is between 50–75 millimeters.[3]

Rivers[edit]

The Chenab River originates in the snow-covered central range of the Himalayas. It receives numerous smaller streams from the lower hills which depend upon rainfall. It breaks out from a rocky gorge in the hills, six miles (10 km) to the north of Bajwat District.

Sialkot flows downward from Marala Headwork and enters Hafizabad District near Kot Kkamer, a village of Hafizabad Tehsil. It forms a natural boundary between Mandi Bahauddin and Hafizabad districts. An other very famous place is Head Sagar Complex in which an Irrigation Canal is passing over a link canal. It is a very common and interesting place for new visitors in Hafizabad.

Industry[edit]

Major portion of the country's rice exports are from Hafizabad, which is sometimes referred to as the Land of Rice or City of Rice. Cotton power loom (weaving) is the second largest industry of Hafizabad. It is linked directly with the cotton market in Faisalabad and businessmen from Faisalabad deal directly with the cotton industry in Hafizabad. It plays an important role in the development of Hafizabad. This industry has been badly affected by the energy crisis.

Before the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the per-annum income of Hafizabad just from rice was 15 million. Peshwar, Agra, Mithra, Calcutta, Karachi, and Sukker were Hafizabad's main clients. Up to 23 rice mills were there until the independence of Pakistan.

Agriculture[edit]

The following types of rice are cultivated in Hafizabad: Basmati 385, Basmati 386, Super Karnal, 1121 Sella, Ery Nine, Erey Six, Super Fan, and KS 282. White Pearl Rice is a famous rice brand of Hafizabad. Hafizabad and Jalalpur Bhattian grain market are considered to be the biggest grain rice export centres of the country.

Livestock[edit]

L&DD
Hafizabad Livestock

Hafizabad richly diversified district in livestock population. According to last Cattle Census there are 57321 Buffaloes, 210033 Cattle, 25112 Sheep, 122215 Goats, 2885 Horses, 47197 Asses, 2806 Mules, 346 Camel and 456865 Domestic poultry.

There are Two Artificial Insemination Centers one at Tehseel Hafizabad and the other at Tehseel Pindi Bhtian. There are six working Civil Veterinary Hospitals at Hafizabad, Pindi Bhatin, Jallpur Bhatian, Sukheke Mandi, Vanike and Soianwala. there are nine working Civil Veterinary Dispensaris at Wachke, Kot Sarwar,Dhunni, Madhrianwala, Chk Bhatti, Thatha Khairumatmal,Kot Nakka, Wadror and Ghubrika. Besides all this there are Civil Veterinary Centers at village level.

There are two Mobile Veterinary Dispensaries at Hafizabad and Pindi Bhatian Tehseel respectively.

District Livestock Department is headed by District Office Livstock with two Deputy Livestok Officers viz Breed Improvement and Animal Health. There are Two Additional Principal Veterinary Officers, One Senior Veterinary Officer and eighteen Veterianry Officers

Saints Of District Hafizabad[edit]

  • Hazrat Shah Sharmast Jilal U Din Bukhari: His mausoleum is located in east of Hafizabad. The Mughal emperor Akbar and Jahangir visited him.
  • Hazrat Hafiz Syed Mustafa: He is a saint of Mughal era and each year on 24 of Har month the religious festival organised by the natives.
  • Hazrat Shah Abdullah Ghaus: He was one of the most famous Sufi of Hafizabad. His shrine is in Garhi Awan the oldest settlement of the city.
  • Shah Buban Bukhari: He is known as Baban Bukhari. There is one mosque within premises of his tomb named as Chah Bukhari.
  • Rehmat Khan Awan: He was the most renowned member of the Awan dynasty. Along with a great warrior, early ruler of Hafizabad, he was also a great soldier of his beloved ALLAH. He got his mystic treasure from Hazrat Sultan Bahoo and from Noon Sufi saint.
  • Hazrat Jalal Badshah: He was the one of the most famous sufi of hafizabad. The mazar of jalal badsha located in madharianwala Vilaage 4 km away from Hafizabad at sukheki road.
  • Marwan Shah: He was born in 11th Hijri in the village of Jogi Jamkay. After demise of his father during early childhood he opted for profession of labouring. It is famous and known that during Shab e barat when he was watering the fields of his master the water became milk.
  • Syed Niamat Ali Shah: Noor Shah Sadar-u- Din was his father and Wali Qutab Imam of Begum Kot Lahore his brother. He came to Jalalpur for preaching Islam. He lived in the district and died at the age of 90. He is buried in Jalalpur and every year his urs is arranged on 15 ‘Har’(A month of ‘Bikrami’ year)
  • Makhdoom Pir Syed Naubahaar Shah Bukhari: He was born in 1876 and died in 1978. He is the descendant of Syed Hazrat Jalaluddin Surkh Posh Bukhari(RA), Uch Sharif and his grandson Sajjada Nasheen Darbar-e-Jalalia, Makhdoom Jalaluddin also known as Hazrat Makhdoom Jahanian Jahan Gasht. His mausoleum is located at the border of district Hafizabad, 18 km on M3 from Pindi Bhattian to Faisalabad. His Urs is arranged on 26 & 27 ‘Jaith’(A month of ‘Bikrami’ year)
  • Sain Sharif: Also known as Nanga Peer rests in the east of Garhi Awan graveyard. He departed from this world in near past and still remains a source of great attraction to his followers and believers of Sufism in Hafizabad.
  • Sheikh Mosa Dud: He was contemporary and devotees of Baba Fareed Gunj Shaker. It is stated that when once Hazrat Baba Fareed Gunjh Shaker was going for pilgrimage, he asked Sheikh Mosa Dud to come along with him but he apologised. When Hazrat Baba Fareed reached ‘Macca’ he saw that Mosa Dud was already there. That's' why the devotees of Fareed Shaker Gunj called him Mosa Dud. He is buried in Mehmood Pur, a slum of Jalalpur.[4]
  • Sai Abdullah Qadri: Kassoki Road, Hafizabad(Near Masjid Sobedaar wali)[5]

Education[edit]

Over a period of time many new schools and colleges have been established in the district and the overall education standard has improved. The largest enrolment ratio of the Punjab is in Hafizabad and Rawalpindi. Literacy rate is 64% in males and 44% among females.

Colleges[edit]

  • Habib Institute of Leadership & Management-HILM, Hafizabad
  • Learners' Hub, Hafizabad
  • Punjab College, Hafizabad
  • Leadership Academy, Hafizabad
  • University of South Asia, Hafizabad
  • The Readers' College Hafizabad, Causeway College Hafizabad for Boys & Girls
  • Farabi Law College Affiliated with University of the Punjab, M.H.SUFI foundation college kot ishaq
  • Govt. college for Boys, Now upgraded and renamed as Govt. College Hafizabad
  • Govt.Islamia Degree college for Women
  • Lyceum Institute of Future Education (LIFE), Jalal Pur Road nearly opposite to Masjid Ahle-Hadees Hafizabad
  • Superior College Hafizabad
  • Muslim College Hafizabad
  • Hafizabad College of Commerce
  • Hafizabad College of Business Studies, Grw road Hafizabad
  • Justice Law College Dakkhana road Hafizabad
  • The Management Club 1st Floor Usman Plaza Fawara Chowk Hafizabad
  • national college of computer science (heritage)

The Rise academy

  • Elite Academy Ali pur road Hafizabad
  • Tips College Jalalpur Bhattian

Schools[edit]

  • Beaconhouse school system.
  • Knowledge House School System
  • The Readers School(English Medium),Jalalpur road.
  • Al Raza Public Model School, Lakhia.
  • CENTURION
  • The Rise academy
  • Govt. Model Higher Secondary School.
  • Sublime Schools System.
  • Sir Syed Scholars INN.
  • Unique Farooqi High School (Running under Fazal Education Academy)
  • Grammar Model School.
  • District Public School.
  • Misali Public School.
  • Abdali Public School.
  • Crescent Public School.
  • M. H. Sufi Foundation School.
  • Brooksfield School System.
  • Allied School System.
  • Govt. Muslim High School.
  • Govt. High school No.1.
  • Govt. High School Madina Colony.
  • Govt. High school No.2.
  • Concept Model School.
  • Gehwara-e-Taleem English Model School.
  • The City school.
  • The Educators.
  • Lahore grammar school(LGS).
  • Aga Khan School Hafizabad.
  • Govt High School Mian Raheema

∗ Govt High School Dhirenke Mirdadke

References[edit]