Haflong

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Haflong
হাফলং
Town
Nickname(s): Switzerland of the East, Mini North-East
Haflong is located in Assam
Haflong
Haflong
Coordinates: 25°10′08″N 93°00′58″E / 25.169°N 93.016°E / 25.169; 93.016Coordinates: 25°10′08″N 93°00′58″E / 25.169°N 93.016°E / 25.169; 93.016
Country  India
State Assam
District Dima Hasao
Government
 • Body Haflong Town Committee
Area
 • Total 12.79 km2 (4.94 sq mi)
Elevation 966.216 m (3,170.000 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 43,756
 • Density 3,400/km2 (8,900/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Haflong Hindi language
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 788819
Telephone code 03673

Haflong (Assamese: হাফলং) is a town and headquarters of North Cachar Hills in India in the state of Assam. It is the only hill station in Assam.[1]"

Geography[edit]

Haflong is located at Coord |25.18|N|9E. It has an average elevation of 966.216 metres (3170 feet).

Climate[edit]

Haflong has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa), falling just short of a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw).

Climate data for Haflong
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.8
(83.8)
25.2
(77.4)
28.4
(83.1)
29.0
(84.2)
20.0
(68)
28.3
(82.9)
26.5
(79.7)
28.2
(82.8)
25.8
(78.4)
24.3
(75.7)
26.0
(78.8)
18.1
(64.6)
29
(84.2)
Average high °C (°F) 19.6
(67.3)
20.2
(68.4)
21.0
(69.8)
22.2
(72)
22.2
(72)
25.7
(78.3)
24.9
(76.8)
23.2
(73.8)
22.7
(72.9)
22.3
(72.1)
21.6
(70.9)
20.7
(69.3)
22.19
(71.97)
Average low °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
12.0
(53.6)
15.9
(60.6)
20.0
(68)
22.7
(72.9)
20.9
(69.6)
20.6
(69.1)
20.6
(69.1)
21.7
(71.1)
21.9
(71.4)
16.7
(62.1)
11.8
(53.2)
17.76
(63.97)
Record low °C (°F) 3.7
(38.7)
4.1
(39.4)
6.3
(43.3)
12.0
(53.6)
13.2
(55.8)
15.4
(59.7)
18.4
(65.1)
18.1
(64.6)
15.7
(60.3)
10.6
(51.1)
8.3
(46.9)
5.0
(41)
3.7
(38.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 11.9
(0.469)
18.3
(0.72)
55.8
(2.197)
147.9
(5.823)
244.2
(9.614)
316.4
(12.457)
345.4
(13.598)
264.3
(10.406)
185.9
(7.319)
91.2
(3.591)
18.7
(0.736)
7.1
(0.28)
0
(0)
Average rainy days 1.8 2.9 5.8 13.1 17.0 19.6 22.3 18.5 15.2 7.4 2.8 1.3 127.7
Average relative humidity (%) 69 55 47 48 55 51 53 52 53 52 52 52 53.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 106.3 174.7 180.1 181.0 152.2 102.0 104.0 121.2 98.0 104.6 131.0 132.5 1,587.6
Source #1: World Meteorological Organization.,<ref name="WMO">World Weather Information Service-Guwahati, World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 24 July 2012.</ref> NOAA (extremes & humidity, 1971-1990)<ref name= NOAA>"Haflong Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 22, 2012. </ref>
Source #2: Hong Kong Observatory.<ref name="HKO">Climatological Information for Haflong, India, Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 24 July 2013.</ref>

The lowest temperature ever recorded was 2.4°C on January 7, 1980.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As of 2012 the India census, Haflong had a population of 43,756. Males constitute 45% of the population and females 55%. Haflong has an average literacy rate of 92%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 85%, and female literacy is 75%. In Haflong, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. The population of the Town comprises various tribes & races who maintain their own dialect, culture, customs & usages. Apart from various tribes(Oriental Indians), non-tribals also account for a sizable amount of the population. They are mostly government employees, traders living in urban & semi-urban area. The small and serene Town shelter the lovely people – warm and fascinating – and as colourful as the land itself. It is also the home of various tribes: Dimasa, Nagas, Hmar, Kukis, Mizo, Bengali, Assamese, Gorkha, Biate and Hrangkhol.

Languages[edit]

Commonly spoken languages are Haflong Hindi, Dimasa, Hmar, Zeme Naga, Kuki, Khasi, Biate, Bengali, Assamese, Nepali and Hrankhol.

Transportation[edit]

Though there is no direct Air connection to Haflong, one can fly to Guwahati or Silchar or Dimapur from where easy road or rail options are available. New Haflong railway station of Lumding-Badarpur section connects Haflong with Lumding and Silchar.

Education[edit]

Some prominent educational institutions of Haflong are:

Schools[edit]

  • CHT Synod Higher Secondary School
  • Covenant High School
  • Don Bosco High School, Haflong
  • Government Girls Higher Secondary School
  • Haflong Government Boys Higher Secondary School
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Haflong
  • Narzareth High School
  • PMS High School
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir
  • Sengya Sambudhan High School
  • St. Agnes' Convent High School
  • Vivekananda Vidyalaya

Colleges[edit]

  • Haflong Government College

Tourism Attractions[edit]

Haflong is a hilly town surrounded by lots of natural beauties like fluent water streams, lush green hills and bounty waterfalls. Main attractions are:

Politics[edit]

Haflong is part of Autonomous District (Lok Sabha constituency). It is the headquarters of Dima Hasao Autonomous District.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haflong - Assam's Hill Station, India-north-east.com'

External links[edit]