Hafsa bint Umar

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Hafsa bint Umar
تخطيط كلمة حفصة بنت عمر.png
Born c. 605
Died October or November 665 (Sha'aban 45 AH)
Known for Wife of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, Mother of the Believers
Spouse(s) Khunais ibn Hudhaifa (died August 624)
Muhammad
Parent(s) Umar ibn Al-Khattab
Zaynab bint Madh'uwn

Ḥafsa bint Umar (Arabic: حفصة بنت عمر ‎) (c.605-665) was a wife of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and therefore a Mother of the Believers.

Early Life[edit]

Hafsa was the daughter of Umar ibn al-Khattab and Zaynab bint Mazoon. She was born "when Quraysh were building the House [Kaaba], five years before the Prophet was sent," i.e., in 605.[1]

Marriage[edit]

She was married to Khunais ibn Hudhaifa but became a widow in August 624.[2]

As soon as Hafsa had completed her waiting period, her father Umar offered her hand to Uthman Ibn 'Affan, and thereafter to Abu Bakr; but they both refused her. When Umar went to Muhammad to complain about this, Muhammad replied, "Allah will marry Uthman to better than your daughter and will marry your daughter to better than Uthman."[3]

Muhammad married Hafsa in Shaaban AH 3 (late January or early February 625).[4] This marriage "gave the Prophet the chance of allying himself with this faithful follower,"[5] i.e., Umar, who now became his father-in-law.

Notable Work[edit]

According to Islamic tradition, Hafsa had memorized the Qur'an.[citation needed] The copy of Zayd ibn Thabit, which was recorded on the instructions of Abu Bakr, was kept in Hafsa's house. Uthman Ibn 'Affan, when he became Caliph, used Hafsa's copy when he standardized the text of the Qur'an.[6] She is also said to have narrated sixty hadiths from Muhammad.[7]

Death[edit]

She died in Shaban AH 45, i.e., in October or November 665. She is buried in Jannat-Ul-Baqi.[8]

Shia view of Hafsa[edit]

Hafsa is viewed very negatively among Shia. Several prominent Shia accounts report that she, along with Aisha, brought about Muhammad’s death by giving him poison.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Muhammad ibn Saad, Tabaqat vol. 8. Translated by Bewley, A. (1995). The Women of Madina p. 56. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  2. ^ Muhammad ibn Saad, Tabaqat vol. 3. Translated by Bewley, A. (2013). The Companions of Badr, p. 307. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  3. ^ Ibn Saad/Bewley vol. 8 pp. 56-58. The story is told in five separate traditions.
  4. ^ Ibn Saad/Bewley vol. 8 p. 58.
  5. ^ Margoliouth, D. S. (1905). Mohammed and the Rise of Islam, p. 307. New York & London: G. P. Putnam's Sons.
  6. ^ Bukhari 6:60:201.
  7. ^ Siddiqi, M. Z. (2006). Hadith Literature: Its Origin, Development, Special Features and Criticism, p. 25. Kuala Lumpar: Islamic Book Trust.
  8. ^ Ibn Saad/Bewley vol. 8 p. 60.
  9. ^ Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Sayyari (2009). Kohlberg, Etan; Amir-Moezzi, Mohammad Ali, eds. "Revelation and Falsification: The Kitab al-qira'at of Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Sayyari: Critical Edition with an Introduction and Notes by Etan Kohlberg and Mohammad Ali Amir-Moezzi" (PDF). Texts and studies on the Qurʼān (BRILL) 4: 103. ISSN 1567-2808.