Hafsa bint Umar

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Hafsa bint Umar
"Mother of the Believers"
تخطيط كلمة حفصة بنت عمر.png
امهات المومنین السیدة حفصة بنت عمر الفاروق
حفصة بنت عمر

c. 605
Diedc. 665(665-00-00) (aged 59–60)
Known forWife of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, Mother of the Believers
Titleʾumm ul-mumineen
Spouse(s)Khunais ibn Hudhaifa (died August 624)
Parent(s)Umar ibn Al-Khattab
Zaynab bint Madh'uwn
RelativesAbdullah ibn Umar Full-Brother

Asim ibn Umar Half-Brother Zayd ibn Umar Half-Brother

Uthman bin Maz'oon Maternal-uncle

Ḥafṣah bint ʿUmar (Arabic: حفصة بنت عمر ‎; c. 605–665) was a wife of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and therefore a Mother of the Believers.

Early life[edit]

Hafsah was the daughter of Umar ibn al-Khattab and Zainab bint Madh'uwn. She was born "when Quraysh were building the House [Ka'abah], five years before the Prophet was sent," i.e., in 605.[1]


She was married to Khunais ibn Hudhaifah but became a widow in August 624.[2]

As soon as Hafsah had completed her waiting period, her father Umar offered her hand to Uthman Ibn 'Affan, and thereafter to Abu Bakr; but they both refused her. When Umar went to Muhammad to complain about this, Muhammad replied, "Hafsah will marry one better than Uthman and Uthman will marry one better than Hafsah."[3]

Muhammad married Hafsah in Shaaban AH 3 (late January or early February 625).[4] This marriage "gave the Prophet the chance of allying himself with this faithful follower,"[5] i.e., Umar, who now became his father-in-law.

Notable Work[edit]

Uthman, when he became Caliph, used Hafsah's copy when he standardized the text of the Qur'an.[6] She is also said to have narrated sixty hadeeth from Muhammad.[7]


She died in Shaban AH 45, i.e., in October or November 665. She is buried in al-Baqi next to the other Mothers of the Faithful.[8][9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Muhammad ibn Saad, Tabaqat vol. 8. Translated by Bewley, A. (1995). The Women of Madina p. 56. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  2. ^ Muhammad ibn Saad, Tabaqat vol. 3. Translated by Bewley, A. (2013). The Companions of Badr, p. 307. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  3. ^ Ibn Saad/Bewley vol. 8 pp. 56-58. The story is told in five separate traditions.
  4. ^ Ibn Saad/Bewley vol. 8 p. 58.
  5. ^ Margoliouth, D. S. (1905). Mohammed and the Rise of Islam, p. 307. New York & London: G. P. Putnam's Sons.
  6. ^ Bukhari 6:60:201.
  7. ^ Siddiqi, M. Z. (2006). Hadith Literature: Its Origin, Development, Special Features and Criticism, p. 25. Kuala Lumpar: Islamic Book Trust.
  8. ^ Ibn Saad/Bewley vol. 8 p. 60.
  9. ^ Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Sayyari (2009). Kohlberg, Etan; Amir-Moezzi, Mohammad Ali (eds.). "Revelation and Falsification: The Kitab al-qira'at of Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Sayyari: Critical Edition with an Introduction and Notes by Etan Kohlberg and Mohammad Ali Amir-Moezzi". Texts and studies on the Qurʼān. BRILL. 4: 103. ISSN 1567-2808.