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Haft-Seen also spelled as Haft Sin (Persian: هفتسین, the seven seen's) is a tabletop (sofreh) or (Haft Mewa,هفت میوه, the seven fruit's) arrangement of seven symbolic items traditionally displayed at Nowruz, the Iranian new year. The haft-seen table includes seven items all starting with the letter Seen (letter) (س) in the Persian alphabet.
The primary Haft-Seen items, which are more than seven, are:
- Sabzeh (سبزه) – wheat, barley, mung bean or lentil sprouts growing in a dish,
- Samanu (سمنو) – sweet pudding made from wheat germ,
- Senjed (سنجد) – dried Persian olive,
- Seer (سیر) – garlic,
- Seeb (سیب) – apple,
- Somāq (سماق) – sumac,
- Serkeh (سرکه) – vinegar,
- Sekkeh (سکه) - coin.
The following items may also appear on the Haft-Seen table as ornaments or for the sake of completeness. Although some of these items are Persian symbols, they are not the main part of the traditional Haft-Seen.
- A holy book, usually Qur'an or Avesta
- Divan-e Hafez, or Shahnameh; Iranian poetry books
- a mirror with two candles,
- a goldfish in a glass bowl,
- a lamp
- painted eggs
- a bowl of water
- wheat or bread
- hyacinth flower
- Some traditional confectionaries like Shirini nokhodchi or Nanberenji, and some candies.
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