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Haft-Seen also spelled as Haft Sin (Persian: هفتسین, the seven seen's) is a tabletop (sofreh) or (Haft Mewa,هفت میوه, the seven fruits) arrangement of seven symbolic items traditionally displayed at Nowruz, the Iranian new year. The haft-seen table includes seven items all starting with the letter Seen (letter) (س) in the Persian alphabet, all of which represent important concepts in Persian culture.
The primary Haft-Seen items are:
- Sabzeh (سبزه) – wheat, barley, mung bean or lentil sprouts growing in a dish.
- Samanu (سمنو) – sweet pudding made from wheat germ.
- Senjed (سنجد) – dried Persian olive.
- Seer (سیر) – garlic.
- Seeb (سیب) – apple.
- Somāq (سماق) – sumac.
- Serkeh (سرکه) – vinegar.
The following items may also appear on the Haft-Seen table as ornaments or for the sake of completeness. Although some of these items are Persian symbols, they are not the main part of the traditional Haft-Seen and can vary by region, family beliefs, or tradition.
- A holy book, usually Qur'an or Avesta
- Divan-e Hafez, or The Shahnameh; Iranian poetry books
- a mirror with two candles
- a goldfish in a glass bowl
- a lamp
- painted eggs
- a bowl of water
- wheat or bread
- hyacinth flower
- traditional confectioneries like Shirini nokhodchi or Nan-e Berenji, as well as some candies.
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