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Haft Seen traditional table of Nowruz
A "Haft Seen" setting in Tehran, Iran

Haft-Seen also spelled as Haft Sin (Persian: هفت‌سین‎, the seven seen's) is a tabletop (sofreh) or (Haft Mewa,هفت میوه, the seven fruits) arrangement of seven symbolic items traditionally displayed at Nowruz, the Iranian new year. The haft-seen table includes seven items all starting with the letter Seen (letter) (fa) (س) in the Persian alphabet, all of which represent important concepts in Persian culture.


The primary Haft-Seen items are:

  1. Sabzeh (سبزه) – wheat, barley, mung bean or lentil sprouts growing in a dish.
  2. Samanu (سمنو) – sweet pudding made from wheat germ.
  3. Senjed (سنجد) – dried Persian olive.
  4. Seer (سیر) – garlic.
  5. Seeb (سیب) – apple.
  6. Somāq (سماق) – sumac.
  7. Serkeh (سرکه) – vinegar.

Additional items[edit]

The following items may also appear on the Haft-Seen table as ornaments or for the sake of completeness. Although some of these items are Persian symbols, they are not the main part of the traditional Haft-Seen and can vary by region, family beliefs, or tradition.

  • A holy book, usually Qur'an or Avesta
  • Divan-e Hafez, or The Shahnameh; Iranian poetry books
  • a mirror with two candles
  • a goldfish in a glass bowl
  • a lamp
  • painted eggs
  • a bowl of water
  • wheat or bread
  • hyacinth flower
  • traditional confectioneries like Shirini nokhodchi or Nan-e Berenji, as well as some candies.


See also[edit]

External links[edit]