Haft-sin

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A Haft-seen table.

Haft-sin (Persian: هفت‌سین‎, also spelled as Haft-seen), is an arrangement of seven symbolic items whose names start with the letter seen in the Persian alphabet.[1][2] It is traditionally displayed at Nowruz, the Iranian New Year's day, which is celebrated on the day of the vernal equinox, marking the beginning of spring on the Northern Hemisphere.

Items[edit]

The following are the primary items of Haft-sin, whose Persian names begin with the letter sin in the Persian alphabet.[1][2]

  1. Sabzeh (سبزه) – wheat, barley, mung bean, or lentil sprouts grown in a dish.
  2. Samanu (سمنو) – sweet pudding made from wheat germ.
  3. Senjed (سنجد) – Persian fruit.
  4. Serkeh (سرکه) – vinegar.
  5. Seeb (سیب) – apple.
  6. Seer (سیر) – garlic.
  7. Somāq (سماق) – sumac.


Other symbolic items that are typically used to accompany Haft-sin include a mirror, candles, painted eggs, a bowl of water, goldfish, coins, hyacinth, and traditional confectioneries. A "book of wisdom" is also commonly included, which might be the Quran, Ad’iyyih-i-Hadrat-i-Mahbú, the Bible, the Avesta, the Šāhnāme of Ferdowsi, or the divān of Hafez.[1]

Symbolic Roots[edit]

Each Haft-Seen item is a symbol of an ancient Persian holy spirit, 5 of which are spirits of 5 months in the Persian calendar:

  • Sabzeh (سبزه) is the symbol for the spirit of Ordibehesht (2nd month of Persian Calendar) who is the owner of vast clean oceans.
  • Samanu (سمنو) - is the symbol for the spirit of Shahrivar (6th month of Persian Calendar) who is the symbol of grocery.
  • Senjed (سنجد) - is the symbol for the spirit of Khordad (3rd month of Persian Calendar) who is the symbol of love and affection.
  • Somāq (سماق) - is the symbol for the spirit of Bahman (11th month of Persian Calendar) who is the symbol of rain.
  • Serkeh (سرکه) - is the symbol for the spirit of Mordad (the 5th month of Persian Calendar) who is the symbol of immortality.
  • Seeb (سیب) - is the symbol for the woman spirit, the Sepandar Mazd, who is the symbol of rebirth and health (also see Sepandārmazgān).
  • Seer (سیر) - is the symbol of the highest spirit of worship, the Ahura Mazda.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Campo, Juan Eduardo (2009). "Navruz". Encyclopedia of Islam. Infobase Publishing. pp. 524–525.
  2. ^ a b "Noruz, manifestation of culture of peace, friendship among societies". Tehran Times. April 7, 2018.

External links[edit]

  • Shahbazi, A. Shapur (March 1, 2012). "HAFT SIN". Encyclopaedia Iranica. XI. pp. 524–526.