Haggai 1

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Haggai 1
Leningrad Codex (AD. 1008) contains the complete copy of Book of Haggai in Hebrew.
BookBook of Haggai
Christian Bible partOld Testament
Order in the Christian part37

Haggai 1 is the first chapter of the Book of Haggai in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible.[1][2] This book contains the prophecies attributed to the prophet Haggai, and is a part of the Book of the Twelve Minor Prophets.[3][4]


The original text was written in Hebrew language. This chapter is divided into 15 verses.

Textual witnesses[edit]

The whole Book of Haggai in Latin as a part of Codex Gigas, made around 13th century.

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter in Hebrew are of the Masoretic Text, which includes the Codex Cairensis (895), the Petersburg Codex of the Prophets (916), and Codex Leningradensis (1008).[5][a] Fragments cumulatively containing all verses of this chapter in Hebrew were found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, including 4Q77 (4QXIIb; 150–125 BCE) with extant verses 1–2;[7][8][9] and Wadi Murabba'at Minor Prophets (Mur88; MurXIIProph; 75-100 CE) with extant verses 1–15 (complete).[8][10]

There is also a translation into Koine Greek known as the Septuagint, made in the last few centuries BCE. Extant ancient manuscripts of the Septuagint version include Codex Vaticanus (B; B; 4th century), Codex Sinaiticus (S; BHK: S; 4th century), Codex Alexandrinus (A; A; 5th century) and Codex Marchalianus (Q; Q; 6th century).[11]

Verse 1[edit]

In the second year of King Darius, in the sixth month, on the first day of the month, the word of the Lord came by Haggai the prophet to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, saying,[12]

Cross reference: Ezra 2:2; Ezra 4:24; Ezra 5:1-3; Ezra 6:1; Zechariah 4:6; 1 Chronicles 6:15

Verse 15[edit]

On the twenty-fourth day of the sixth month, in the second year of King Darius.[14]

Based on verse 1, this date would be September 21, 520 BC in current calendar calculation.[13]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Since 1947 the whole book is missing from the Aleppo Codex.[6]


  1. ^ Collins 2014.
  2. ^ Hayes 2015.
  3. ^ Metzger, Bruce M., et al. The Oxford Companion to the Bible. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
  4. ^ Keck, Leander E. 1996. The New Interpreter's Bible: Volume: VII. Nashville: Abingdon.
  5. ^ Würthwein 1995, pp. 35-37.
  6. ^ P. W. Skehan (2003), "BIBLE (TEXTS)", New Catholic Encyclopedia, 2 (2nd ed.), Gale, pp. 355–362
  7. ^ Ulrich 2010, p. 618.
  8. ^ a b Dead sea scrolls - Haggai
  9. ^ Fitzmyer 2008, p. 38.
  10. ^ Fitzmyer 2008, pp. 140-141.
  11. ^ Würthwein 1995, pp. 73-74.
  12. ^ Haggai 1:1 NKJV
  13. ^ a b c The Nelson Study Bible. Thomas Nelson, Inc. 1997. ISBN 9780840715999. pp. 1514-5.
  14. ^ Haggai 1:15 KJV


External links[edit]