|Course||Hors d'oeuvre or snack|
|Associated national cuisine||Scotland|
|Main ingredients||Sheep's heart, liver and lungs, onion, oatmeal, suet, yogurt, gram flour, spices|
|Variations||Vegetarian haggis pakora|
|159 calories per 100g serving[a] kcal|
Haggis pakora is a Scottish snack food that combines traditional Scottish haggis ingredients with the spices, batter and preparation method of Indian pakoras. It has become a popular food in Indian restaurants in Scotland, and is also available in prepared form in supermarkets.
Haggis pakora has been described as a "highly improbable Indo-Caledonian alliance making use of the Scots' most potent culinary weapons: sheep pluck (heart, liver and lungs) and deep-fat frying." It has more fondly been called "an inspired example of Indo-Gael fusion." Haggis pakoras are just one of the many haggis fusion foods that have arisen in recent years. Others include haggis samosas, haggis spring rolls, haggis lasagne and haggis quesadillas.[b] Often these use vegetarian haggis rather than the traditional haggis made from a sheep's stomach stuffed with the chopped up lung, heart and liver of the sheep mixed with oatmeal.
The dish appears to have been the creation of the Sikh community, which has retained its identity while embracing many aspects of Scottish culture. Haggis pakoras have become popular appetizers in Indian restaurants in Scotland, where they appeal to the national predilection for deep-fried food. In 2013 it was reported that a Greenock meat products company had launched prepared haggis pakoras. The product had won the Best Innovative Product prize at the BPEX[c] Foodservice Awards 2013. Prepared haggis pakoras are available from supermarkets. The Scottish celebrity chef Tony Singh served haggis pakora at a pop-up restaurant during the 2015 Edinburgh Festival.
The haggis is cooked in its skin in the normal way. The skin is discarded and the contents (meat, oats, etc.) broken up with a fork. The mixture may be spiced with ginger, cumin seeds, coriander seeds, turmeric and garam masala. A thick batter is made of gram flour, chili powder, cumin, salt, yogurt and lemon juice. The meat is shaped into balls, coated with the batter and then deep fried in oil. The pakora is fried for 3–4 minutes, and is ready when the batter is crisp and golden.
Haggis pakoras are normally served with a dipping sauce made of chopped tomatoes, ketchup, cayenne, paprika, chili sauce, lemon juice and beef stock. They may also be served with a creamy yogurt sauce. Haggis pakoras may also be made from vegetarian haggis, and may be served with mango chutney in place of the dipping sauce. Another variant places vegetarian haggis inside mushroom caps, which are then battered and fried as before.
- Calories for a prepared brand, consisting of protein 16.4g, carbohydrates 17.5g, fat 2.1g.
- A haggis, neeps and tatties pasty was submitted for the 2016 World Pasty Championships.
- BPEX, the British Pig Executive, is now AHDB Pork, a division of the UK's Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board.
- Calories in Mrs Unis Haggis Pakora.
- Eyewitness Travel 2011, p. 23.
- McGovern 2012, PT85.
- Lester Haines 2012.
- Iain Banks 2013, p. 265.
- Shaheen 2010.
- Neil Shaw 2016.
- Felicity Cloake 2014.
- About AHDB Pork.
- Eric Baxter 2013.
- Harriet Arkell 2015.
- The Boys Eat Scotland 2015.
- Philip Allan 2014.
- Geoff Matthews 2015.
- "About AHDB Pork". AHDB Pork. Retrieved 2015-08-23.
- "Calories in Mrs Unis Haggis Pakora with a Spicy Chilli Dip 200g Haggis Pakora". NutraTech Ltd. Retrieved 2015-08-23.
- Eric Baxter (2013-12-03). "Haggis pakora success boosts Greenock meat firm". Greenock Telegraph. Retrieved 2015-08-23.
- Eyewitness Travel (2011-10-03). Ultimate Food Journeys: The World's Best Dishes and Where to Eat Them. DK Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7566-9588-0. Retrieved 2015-08-23.
- Felicity Cloake (2014-01-24). "Three amazing alternative haggis recipes for Burns night". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-08-23.
- Geoff Matthews (2015-03-04). "Haggis Pakora: A Fusion of Fear and Food in Glasgow!". Kathleen Matthews. Retrieved 2015-08-23.
- Harriet Arkell (2015-01-20). "Anyone for Haggis pizza, crisps or even pakora? Burns Night treats with a twist". Daily Mail. Retrieved 2015-08-23.
- Iain Banks (2013-09-30). Raw Spirit. Random House. ISBN 978-1-4481-8343-2. Retrieved 2015-08-23.
- Lester Haines (2012-07-06). "Post-pub nosh deathmatch: Haggis pakora v huevos rancheros". The Register. Retrieved 2015-08-23.
- McGovern, Kenny (2012-05-17). More Takeaway Secrets: How to Cook More of your Favourite Fast Food at Home. Little, Brown Book Group. ISBN 978-0-7160-2301-2. Retrieved 2015-08-23.
- Neil Shaw (5 March 2016), "Pictures as World Pasty Championships are held at Eden Project on St Piran's Day 2016", The Herald (Plymouth), retrieved 2016-08-13[permanent dead link]
- Philip Allan (2014). "Haggis Pakora". BBC Good Food. Retrieved 2015-08-23.
- Shaheen (2010-01-27). "Mushroom haggis pakoras with curried neep chips". Allotment2Kitchen. Retrieved 2015-08-23.
- The Boys Eat Scotland (2015-07-21). "Tony Singh pop up brings Haggis Pakora...and so much more back to Edinburgh for the Festival". Retrieved 2015-08-23.