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NameProto-GermanicOld EnglishOld Norse
*Hag(a)lazHægl Hagall
ShapeElder FutharkFuthorcYounger Futhark
Runic letter haglaz.svg Runic letter haglaz variant.svgRunic letter ior.svgH rune short-twig.svg
Position in
Various forms of the haglaz rune in the Elder Futhark

*Haglaz or *Hagalaz is the reconstructed Proto-Germanic name of the h-rune , meaning "hail" (the precipitation).

In the Anglo-Saxon futhorc, it is continued as hægl, and, in the Younger Futhark, as hagall. The corresponding Gothic letter is 𐌷 h h, named hagl.

The Elder Futhark letter has two variants, single-barred and double-barred . The double-barred variant is found in continental inscriptions, while Scandinavian inscriptions have exclusively the single-barred variant.

The Anglo-Frisian futhorc in early inscriptions has the Scandinavian single-barred variant. From the 7th century, it is replaced by the continental double-barred variant, the first known instances being found on a Harlingen solidus (ca,. 575–625), and in the Christogram on St Cuthbert's coffin.

Haglaz is recorded in all three rune poems:

Rune Poem:[1] English Translation:

Old Norwegian
Hagall er kaldastr korna;
Kristr skóp hæimenn forna.

Hail is the coldest of grain;
Christ created the world of old.

Old Icelandic
Hagall er kaldakorn
ok krapadrífa
ok snáka sótt.

Hail is cold grain
and shower of sleet
and sickness of serpents.

Hægl bẏþ hƿitust corna;
hƿẏrft hit of heofones lẏfte,
ƿealcaþ hit ƿindes scura;
ƿeorþeþ hit to ƿætere sẏððan.

Hail is the whitest of grain;
it is whirled from the vault of heaven
and is tossed about by gusts of wind
and then it melts into water.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Original poems and translation from the Rune Poem Page Archived 1999-05-01 at the Wayback Machine.