Hải Dương Province

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Hải Dương Province
Tỉnh Hải Dương
Nickname(s): Ocean
Location of Hải Dương within Vietnam
Location of Hải Dương within Vietnam
Coordinates: 20°55′N 106°20′E / 20.917°N 106.333°E / 20.917; 106.333Coordinates: 20°55′N 106°20′E / 20.917°N 106.333°E / 20.917; 106.333
Country  Vietnam
Region Red River Delta
Capital Hải Dương
 • People's Council Chair Bùi Thanh Quyến
 • Total 1,648.4 km2 (636.5 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 • Total 1,698,300
 • Density 1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
 • Ethnicities Vietnamese, Hoa, Sán Dìu, Mường
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Calling code 3203
ISO 3166 code VN-61



Hải Dương (About this sound listen) is a province in the Red River Delta of northern Vietnam. Its name derives from Sino-Vietnamese , meaning "ocean", though in fact, the modern province is landlocked. Nowadays, Hải Dương is among the most industrialized and developed provinces in Vietnam.


The province is located in the Red River Delta of northeastern Vietnam, about mid-distance from Hanoi to Hai Phong. Two famous pagodas, Con Son and Kiep Bac, are situated in this province. The province is known for its famous lychees and for the traditional sweet bánh đậu xanh (mung bean paste).

  • Hải Dương is located in the center of North Vietnam. The natural area of the province is 1,661.2 km2, ranked 51st of the total area. Hải Dương province borders six provinces: Bắc Ninh, Bắc Giang, Quảng Ninh in the north, Hưng Yên in the west, Hai Phong in the East, Thái Bình in the south.
  • There are important roads, railways running through the province such as the Highways No. 5, No. 18, No. 183 and No. 37.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Hải Dương is subdivided into 12 district-level sub-divisions:

  • 10 districts:

They are further subdivided into 13 commune-level towns (or townlets), 227 communes, and 25 wards.


  • Hải Dương lies in the tropical moonsoon climate with typical cold winter, potential heat and high humidity. Two types of wind mainly come from the South East and the North East. The Climate is divided into 4 distinct seasons. From early February to early April, the spray and rain after a period of transition from dry season to rainy season. Rainy season lasts from April to October.
  • The annual average rainfall is 1300 to 1700 mm.
  • The average temperature 23.3 °C.
  • Hours of sunshine in the year is 1524 hours.
  • Relative humidity averaged is 85 - 87%.


  • Over the last 20 years, Hải Dương province has been experiencing a big change in its demographics. During this period, the rate of fertility decreases dramatically from a high rate at 6.7% to 2.14% in 2000-2008, the same pattern is found with the rate of mortality. This is a result of the success of the family planning program and the improvement of the health care system of Hải Dương province as well as the innovations in medicine. In addition, life expectancy also increases overtime. These changes in demographics in Hải Dương province take place at a speed that is much more quicker than the world average rate or many other Asian.
  • The number of persons aged 60 years or older in Hải Dương Province is estimated to be 600.000 in 2010. This number is projected to grow to nearly 800.000 by 2050, at which time it will be as large as the population of children (0–14 years). This historic crossover of an increasing share of older persons and a declining share of children will mark the first time that the number of children and older persons are the same.
  • There are many ethnic groups of which the Kinh (majority of Vietnamese) make up 90% of the population. Major religions helping fulfill the spiritual needs of the Vietnamese include Buddhism, Catholic and Protestant churches, Confucianism, Cao Dai and Hoa Hao faiths. With that being said, ancestor worship is probably their predominant "religion", although they may not realize it.


  • Hải Dương is located in the Red River Delta where originated from civilization of Red River. Hải Dương has had many changes in names throughouts history.It was a part of Duong Tuyen (in the period of King Hung), Giao Chi and Giao Chau (in the 1st millennium); Nam Sach Lo, Hong Lo (under period of Ly and Trần Dynasty); Hong Chau, Nam Sach (in the 16th century); Thua Tuyen, *Hải Dương (in the 10th year of Quang Thuan King).
  • Hải Dương Province was established in 1831 and was first called "Thanh Dong" (East Province) which mean "the city to the east of Thăng Long citadel".
  • In the early 20th century, the patriotic movement was expanded in Hải Dương.
  • In the 1930s, Hải Dương people carried out two resistance wars against French imperial and American emperor and then won victories.
  • In 1968, Hải Dương was merged to Hưng Yên to become Hải Hưng Province.
  • In January 1997, Hai Hung was separated into Hải Dương and Hưng Yên.
  • In August 1997, The Government decided to upgrade Hải Dương from town to city. Since 1997, Hải Dương has had 11 districts and a city./.


Nowadays, Hải Dương is among the most industrialized and developed provinces in Vietnam. Hải Dương, Ho Chi Minh City and Bình Dương are three most attractive locations for foreign investments in Vietnam.

  • Hải Dương province is located in the centre of the North Delta. Which has good conditions in transportation, Agriculture, industrial production; Hải Dương province has an important role in the social economic development of the country. Its natural land area and sources are favorable condition for developing economy. The number of over 800.000 of 1.7 million people at the working. In which over 500.000 are in agriculture industry. This is an advantage for the social economic developing of Hải Dương.
  • In recent years, Hải Dương has pushed up developing agriculture and industrial production. Hải Dương called domestic and international invest in over 50 industrial areas in the whole province. There are foreign business partners came from Britain, Germany, France, Hong Kong … Beside Hải Dương develop agriculture in the direction of economic and industrialization and modernization.
  • For the past years, Hải Dương has provided big cities such as: Ha Noi, Hai Phong and consumers throughout Viet Nam with special produces such as litchi or traditional special such as green bean cake.
  • In recent years, Agriculture in Hải Dương develops quickly and steadily.

Population and new urban areas[edit]


  • According to latest statistics of Haiduong Statistical Yearbook 2008, Hải Dương has area 1,651.8 km2. Population of the whole province are: 1,732,814 persons. Population density is 1,049 per/km2. Average population in 2007 by sex and by region:
    • By sex: Male: 842,002 persons, Female: 890,812 persons
    • By region: Urban: 279,850 persons, rural: 1,452,964 persons
  • The rate of population growth (percentage):
    • Whole province: 9.60%
    • Urban: 10.38%
    • Rural: 9.50%
  • Number of person at working age: 1,094,272 persons

New urban areas[edit]

  • Present, Hải Dương City has two new urban areas. The first one is located in eastern Hải Dương, it has an area of 108 ha. It consists of two wards: Ngoc Chau and Hai Tan.
  • The second is in western Hải Dương, it has an area of 433 ha. It is located in the territory of Thanh Binh ward and Tu Minh commune. Both of the two new urban areas are invested by Nam cuong Group in year 2002.
  • Currently there are many families have lived here but the cost land and the cost of building the house is quite high in compare with living standard in Haiduong. The two new urban area extend the Haiduong city that is one of main reason make Haiduong city becomes the second level city on May 16, 2009.

Education system[edit]

Haiduong's education system is divided into 5 categories: pre-primary, primary, intermediate, secondary, and higher education.

  • Kindergarten and kindergarten for children from 2 to 5 years old to form thinking for children. Create the habit, the day of this period (not all children must learn this level).
  • Primary school level is also called the level, starting 6 years old. Level I consists of 5 levels, from grade 1 to grade 5. This is a grade school on, required for all students.
  • Secondary level education: Level II includes 4 levels, from grade 6 to grade 9. Students must learn to school subjects: Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry (grade 8.9), Biology, Technology, written language, History, Geography, Education Citizens, Foreign Language, Health, Parenting Music - Visual Arts.

In addition students have some information required such as: education outside the classroom on time, direction of education (grade 9), use of school ... To study the higher level students to participate in the examination enrollment.

  • Level secondary school: Level III consists of 3 levels, from grade 10 to grade 12. To graduate level III, students must participate in the graduation exam secondary school of education and training.

Students want to study in schools-public school to attend an examination of birth. The exam is held every year, by the Department of Education and Training of the local lead. At this level, students also study subjects similar in grade middle school. However, students in secondary school also take a number of other activities as the business, vocational ...

At present Haiduong province educational include:

  • 1 Department of Education and Training
  • 12 Office of Education
  • 13 Education centers throughout
  • 12 Vocational Center

And under this place it be number of schools

District (city) Preschools Elementary school Junior high schools Secondary school College University
Bình Giang 19 18 19 3
Cẩm Giàng 19 21 20 3 1
Chí Linh 27 22 20 4 1
Gia Lộc 25 25 26 3
Hải Dương city 18 18 15 6 5 1
Kim Thành 22 24 21 4
Kinh Môn 27 27 27 5
Nam Sách 25 24 25 5
Ninh Giang 24 28 29 5
Thanh Ha 25 25 26 4
Thanh Miện 20 19 20 3
Tứ Kỳ 29 29 27 4

Public health[edit]

  • Public health is the science and art of preventing disease, increase life and health through the organized efforts of society. Public health is typically divided into epidemiology, biostatistics and health services. The problems which concern with environmental, social, behavioral and occupational health are also important subfields in public health.
  • The main intervention of public health is to prevent disease. There are many activities about public health. Nowadays, injury accident is increasing and there are many people died, it has become one of problems of global public. As World Health Organization (WHO), with increasing nowadays, injury accident will be one of three main reason which make dead in the world by 2020. So, the preventing accident has been one of health problems which has the best prior of all the country. Vietnam is one of them, too. And Hải Dương is one of six provinces of Vietnam which is the first to construct Safe Public for Children.
  • Safe Public for Children constructed at Duc Chinh village, Cam Giang district, Hải Dương province, Viet Nam. This Project of Safe Public for Children performed from 2004, the first, this only small intervention, experimental. But, after one year, the project has brought clearly result. The injury accident with children decreased clearly. The most of people in village understood truly about program of preventing accident for children and children known the injury accidents can cause whenever with their, if they do not know to prevent.


12 year ago (1997), nobody in Hải Dương Province believe that the agricultural products of Hải Dương Province after a few hours of being transported, could be ready for sale in Ha Noi. But nowadays, it only takes about one hour to go to Ha Noi from Hải Dương. This big change is due to remarkable contribution of the outstanding development in the traffic network.

  • In fact, Transport in Hải Dương province develops very fast. During 5 years, the whole land transportation in Hải Dương was upgraded and improved with various project. In 1999, the National Road No5 connecting Ha Noi and Hai Phong was upgraded to the first-class.
  • Today's, there are 649 km of roads under the central management including National Road No 5, 18, 183 and 37 that have been completely build or upgraded. These roads are favourable for travelling and goods transportation within the Hải Dương province. Furthermore,there are 11 provincial asphalt land routes 258 km of length as the whole, 27 land routes at district level with total of 352 km of length, of which 70% have been asphalt.
  • Besides, Hải Dương has 10 waterways with nearly 300 km of length under the Central management and six ways with 140 km of length under local management. However, most of transport operationson those ways have not been planned yet.
  • Hải Dương also has 70 km of railway (including 15 km of railways serving for Pha Lai company)

Media, culture, and entertainment[edit]

At present, Haiduong has one Provincial Newspaper, releasing three types of newspapers: Daily, Weekend and Monthly. Besides, there are some magazines published by Departments of the province on related fields. E-newspapers such as www.haiduong.gov.vn, www.truyenhinhhaiduong.com.vn has made it easier to get information of the province than ever before.

Haiduong Provincial People's Voice and Television Broadcasting Center is known as one of the most developed ones in the North region. Cable Networks has also been installed, providing customers with more than 40 international channels.

Haiduong is famous for being a "sacred land with pre-eminent people" with hundreds of well-known historical, cultural relics and scenic beauty areas such as Con Son – Kiep Bac, Nguyễn Trãi Temple, Chi Lang Nam Storks island... The province is also a place of many traditional handicraft villages with well-known products for centuries. Cultural Festivals are organized annually during Spring and Autumn, attract visitors all over the nation.

Haiduong has over 100 hotels, ranging from 2 stars to luxury 4 stars. Besides, there are a lot of motels and guest-houses of reasonable price and good service. Restaurants serving traditional food are found on almost every street in the city center. Visitors can also enjoy foreign cuisines in some special restaurants around Bạch Đằng Lake. International restaurants are getting more and the joice gets bigger. You will find Chinese, Korean, Japanese and Italian restaurants in town.


Bánh đậu xanh, a sweet mung bean cake, and Rượu Phú Lộc are local specialties.