Hyder Bux Jatoi

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Hyder Bux Jatoi
Born (1901-10-07)October 7, 1901
Bakhudero village, Larkano), Sindh, Bombay Presidency, British India, Pakistan
Died May 21, 1970(1970-05-21) (aged 68)
Hyderabad, Pakistan

Hyder Bux Jatoi (حيدر بخش جتوئي) (1901–1970) was a revolutionary, leftist, peasant leader in Sindh, Pakistan.[1] He is known by his supporters as "Baba-e-Sindh" (Father of Sindh). He was also a Sindhi writer and poet. He was for many years the president of the Sindh Hari Committee (Sindh Peasants Committee), a constituent member of the National Awami Party.[2] The singer & revolutionary activist of Sindh Jiji Zareena Baloch was always quoted Comrade Hyder Bux Jatoi before singing his "Jeay Sindh aen jeay Sindh, Jam-e-Muhabat pieay Sindh" and "Paan Kkay haan aazad ghurjay watan" poetry.

Early life[edit]

Hyder Bakhsh Jatoi was born on October 7, 1901 in Bakhodero village near Mohenjo-daro in Larkana District. Deprived in infancy of motherly care and love, he was brought up by his father and aunts. Being a handsome child, he was liked by all, particularly by the womenfolk of the family. Soon after, on completing his primary school, the young lad joined the Sindh Madarsah School at Larkana, where he showed his brilliance by topping the list of successful examinees every year. He topped the Sindh vernacular final examination in 1918 among candidates from all over Sindh and then won his first position in Sindh at the matriculation examination from the Bombay University in 1923.[3]

He studied at the D. J. Science College, Karachi, and remained a resident boarder in Metharam Hostel attached to the college. He graduated in 1927 with honours in literature and won distinction in Persian from the Bombay University.

Hyder Bux Jatoi resigned from the post as deputy collector in the British colonial government in 1943 to lead the Sindh peasants’ rights movement.[Question: Did Hyder Bakhsh Jatoi resign Government job in 1943 as mentioned here or in 1945 as mentioned below. Kindly confirm this piece of information from Jatoi Sahib Marhum's documents from his descendants.] Hyder Bux Jatoi translation of the Holy Quran in Sindhi.[2]