Haidian District

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For the island in Hainan, see Haidian Island.
Haidian
海淀区
District
Haidian District
Haidian District
Location of Haidian District in Beijing
Location of Haidian District in Beijing
Coordinates: 39°54′N 116°18′E / 39.900°N 116.300°E / 39.900; 116.300Coordinates: 39°54′N 116°18′E / 39.900°N 116.300°E / 39.900; 116.300
Country People's Republic of China
Municipality Beijing
Township-level divisions 22 subdistricts
5 towns
2 townships
Area
 • Total 431 km2 (166 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,281,000
 • Density 7,600/km2 (20,000/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 100080
Area code(s) 0010
Website bjhd.gov.cn

Haidian District (simplified Chinese: 海淀区; traditional Chinese: 海淀區) is a district of the municipality of Beijing. It lies towards the northwestern part of the urban core.

It is 431 square km in area, making it the second-largest district in urban Beijing (after Chaoyang), and is home to 2,240,124 inhabitants (2000 Census); however, in comparison to other districts, a higher percentage of its inhabitants do not have the governmental residential certificates for long-term residence, because Haidian District is where most universities are located and therefore many[quantify] of its inhabitants are college students.

Sister cities[edit]

Since 1992, Haidian District has signed official papers and established Sister City relationship with 14 cities and districts from 10 countries of 4 continents. Some sister cities are shown below:[1]

South America

North America

Europe

East Asia

Administrative division[edit]

The administrative division of the district was reported as follows:[2]

  • 22 subdistricts of the city proper of Beijing
  • 7 towns of which carry the "area" (地区) label:[3]
Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010)[4] Area (km2)
Wanshou Road Subdistrict 万寿路街道 Wànshòulù Jiēdào 172,456 8.90
Yongding Road Subdistrict 永定路街道 Yǒngdìnglu Jiēdào 49,346 0.70
Yangfangdian Subdistrict 羊坊店街道 Yángfāngdiàn Jiēdào 127,134 6.61
Ganjiakou Subdistrict 甘家口街道 Gānjiākǒu Jiēdào 118,455 6.50
Balizhuang Subdistrict 八里庄街道 Bālǐzhuāng Jiēdào 135,984 4.40
Zizhuyuan Subdistrict 紫竹院街道 Zǐzhúyuàn Jiēdào 138,411 6.23
Beixiaguan Subdistrict 北下关街道 Běixiàguān Jiēdào 158,776 6.04
Beitaipingzhuang Subdistrict 北太平庄街道 Běitàipíngzhuāng Jiēdào 201,614 5.17
Xueyuan Road Subdistrict 学院路街道 Xuéyuànlù Jiēdào 243,307 8.49
Zhongguancun Subdistrict 中关村街道 Zhōngguāncūn Jiēdào 159,637 6.23
Haidian Subdistrict 海淀街道 Hǎidiàn Jiēdào 144,700 5.00
Qinglongqiao Subdistrict 青龙桥街道 Qīnglóngqiáo Jiēdào 128,887 15.50
Qinghuayuan Subdistrict 清华园街道 Qīnghuáyuán Jiēdào 51,785 2.70
Yanyuan Subdistrict 燕园街道 Yànyuán Jiēdào 37,548 1.84
Xiangshan Subdistrict 香山街道 Xiāngshān Jiēdào 28,535 25.37
Qinghe Subdistrict 清河街道 Qīnghé Jiēdào 139,752 9.37
Huayuan Road Subdistrict 花园路街道 Huāyuánlù Jiēdào 148,829 6.30
Xisanqi Subdistrict 西三旗街道 Xīsānqí Jiēdào 144,126 8.70
Malianwa Subdistrict 马连洼街道 Mǎliánwā Jiēdào 106,585 5.50
Tiancun Road Subdistrict 田村路街道 Tiáncūnlù Jiēdào 106,744 7.70
Shangdi Subdistrict 上地街道 Shàngdì Jiēdào 102,105 9.40
Shuguang Subdistrict 曙光街道 Shǔguāng Jiēdào 102,397 9.61
Wanliu Area (Haidian) 万柳地区 Wànliǔ Dìqū 28,062 41.90
Dongsheng Area 东升地区 Dōngshēng Dìqū 49,852 45.20
Wenquan Area 温泉地区 Wēnquán Dìqū 50,800 33.23
Sijiqing Area 四季青地区 Sìjìqīng Dìqū 170,579 40.83
Xibeiwang Area 西北旺地区 Xīběiwàng Dìqū 142,664 51.02
Sujiatuo Area 苏家坨地区 Sūjiātuó Dìqū 46,786 84.51
Shangzhuang Area 上庄地区 Shàngzhuāng Dìqū 44,814 38.45

History[edit]

Haidian was originally a village outside of Beijing's Inner City.[5] It was first built in the Yuan Dynasty and became one of the eight major business areas of the capital during the Qing Dynasty and was the seat of such old shops as Lotus White, Quanjude and Hongbin House.[6] The famed Old Summer Palace and Summer Palace, two grand imperial gardens are also among its reputed features. It became a university district after the building of the Tsinghua University and Yenching University campus in the early twentieth century. It is mentioned in Lao She's novel Camel Xiangzi as an academic village for students. After the foundation of the People's Republic, it was deliberately developed as a university area, with many of the Yan'an institutions moving there. It officially became an administrative district in June 1954.[7] Since the reform and opening up, it has become the centre of China's IT industry. In the words of Time magazine:

During the later half of the 1990s, out of the Beijing districts, Haidian had the highest per capita GDP. During that period the GDP of Haidian (1) District grew by double digits each year.[9]

Transportation[edit]

The northwestern stretches of the 3rd Ring Road, 4th Ring Road and 5th Ring Road all run through the area.

Metro[edit]

Haidian is currently served by nine metro lines operated by Beijing Subway and one commuter line operated by BCR:

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The China National Space Administration has its headquarters in the district.[10]

Economy[edit]

The Baidu Campus, Baidu headquarters
Google Beijing

A central part of Haidian's economy, the Zhongguancun electronics district, hosts the Beijing offices of many software and computer-technology companies.[citation needed]

  • Baidu has its headquarters in the Baidu Campus.[11]
  • Sohu has its headquarters in the Sohu.com Internet Plaza.[12][13]
  • Sinosteel's headquarters are in the Sinosteel Plaza (simplified Chinese: 中钢国际广场; traditional Chinese: 中鋼國際廣場; pinyin: Zhōnggāng Guójì Guǎngchǎng) in Haidian District.[14]
  • Youku has its headquarters on the fifth floor of Sinosteel Plaza.[15][16]
  • Wumart has its headquarters in the Wumart Commercial Building (simplified Chinese: 物美商业大厦; traditional Chinese: 物美商業大廈; pinyin: Wù Měi Shāngyè Dàshà) in Haidian District.[17]
  • aigo's head office is in the Ideal Plaza (simplified Chinese: 理想国际大厦; traditional Chinese: 理想國際大廈; pinyin: Lǐxiǎng Guójì Dàshà) in the Haidian District.[18]
  • China Postal Airlines has its headquarters on the 11th through 14th floors of the Ziyu Office Building (simplified Chinese: 紫玉写字楼; traditional Chinese: 紫玉寫字樓; pinyin: Zǐyù Xiězìlóu) in Haidian District.[19]
  • The Beijing Civil Aircraft Technology Research Center of COMAC (北京民用飞机技术研究中心) has its offices on the 8th floor of the Beijing Olympic Building (S: 北京奥运大厦, T: 北京奧運大廈, P: Běijīng Àoyùn Dàshà) in Haidian District.[20]
  • Xiaomi has its headquarters in the Office Building of Huarun Wucai City (华润五彩城写字楼).[21]
  • Google has its Beijing office in Tsinghua Science Park Bldg 6[22]

Education[edit]

Higher education[edit]

The Beijing Olympic Building, which houses the headquarters of the Beijing Municipal Commission of Education

Institutions of higher education in Haidian include:

Primary and secondary education[edit]

The Beijing Municipal Commission of Education (simplified Chinese: 北京市教育委员会; traditional Chinese: 北京市教育委員會; pinyin: Běijīng Shì Jiàoyùwěiyuánhuì), the local education authority, has its headquarters in the Beijing Olympic Building.[23][24]

Institutions of secondary education include:

Private schools include:

Communities[edit]

Important areas in Haidian District[edit]

Overview of the Haidian District

Sports[edit]

The Chinese Ice Hockey Association, which governs ice hockey and bandy in China, has its offices at 56, Zhongguacun South Street in Haidian District.[26]

Gallery[edit]

Haidian's Technology hubs[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://ewsb.bjhd.gov.cn/InternationalCommunication/InternationalSisterCities/
  2. ^ Harry's World Atlas
  3. ^ These towns are officially classified as subdistricts, but as they coincide with the area of the same name, they are commonly named "areas" (地区)
  4. ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2. 
  5. ^ University of Texas Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection: A portion of "Originalkarte der Ebene von Peking und des Gebirkslandes im Westen und Norden der Capitale" from Mittheilungen aus Justus Perthes' Geographischer Anstalt uber Wichtige Neue Erforschungen auf dem Gesammtgebiete der Geographie von Dr. A. Petermann. Erganzungsband 10, 1876.
  6. ^ Beijing Haidian District People's Government (7 December 2007), Special Shopping Areas in Haidian District. Accessed 19 October 2008. NB: this page only loads correctly in Internet Explorer.
  7. ^ Tang Yangkai (2008). "Haidian District::Beijing's 'Smart Reservoir'". Beijing Review (7). 
  8. ^ Joshua Cooper Ramo (27 September 1999). "HAIDIAN DISTRICT: China's Silicon Valley, 1999". Time. 154 (12). Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  9. ^ Wang, Wenfei, Shangyi Zhou, and C. Cindy Fan. "Growth and Decline of Muslim Hui Enclaves in Beijing" (Archive). Eurasian Geography and Economics, 2002, 43, No. 2, pp. 104-122. Cited page: p. 117.
  10. ^ Home page in Chinese. China National Space Administration. Retrieved on February 26, 2016. "地址:北京市海淀区阜成路甲8号 邮编:100048"
  11. ^ "IR Contacts." Baidu. Retrieved on 27 December 2010. "Address: Baidu Campus, No. 10, Shangdi 10th Street, Haidian District, Beijing 100085 People's Republic of China."
  12. ^ "Contact Us." Sohu. Retrieved on 27 December 2010. "Headquarter Office Sohu.com Internet Plaza, No.1 Park, Zhongguancun East Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100084, PRC ."
  13. ^ "Sohu.com." CNN Money. Retrieved on 19 August 2009.
  14. ^ "Contact Us." Sinosteel. Retrieved on 18 November 2012. "Sinosteel Plaza,8 Haidian St.,Beijing, P.R.China" - See map and directions in English - Chinese: "中国北京海淀区海淀大街8号中钢国际广场" - See map and directions in Chinese
  15. ^ "版权声明." Youku. Retrieved on 27 December 2010. "北京市海淀区海淀大街8号中钢国际大厦5层"
  16. ^ "Contact Us." Youku. Retrieved on 27 December 2010. "Beijing 5th Floor, Sinosteel Plaza, 8 Haidian Dajie, Haidian District, Beijing, 100080, China."
  17. ^ "Interim Report 2011." (Archive) Wumart. Retrieved on 12 October 2012. "ADDRESS OF HEAD OFFICE Wumart Commercial Building 158-1 West 4th Ring North Road Haidian District Beijing P. R. China" and "LEGAL ADDRESS IN CHINA Room 5610 1 Shixingdong Street Badachu HighTech Park District Shijingshan District Beijing The PRC"
  18. ^ "Contact Us." aigo. Retrieved on July 25, 2013. "aigo Digital Technology Co., Ltd. Add: 10-11th Floor, Ideal Plaza, No.58, West Road, North 4th Ring Road, Beijing, 100080, China" Chinese address: "北京市北四环西路58号理想国际大厦11层"
  19. ^ "联系我们." China Postal Airlines. Retrieved on 18 November 2012. "北京海淀区增光路55号紫玉写字楼11-14层"
  20. ^ "Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China, Ltd." (Archive) COMAC. Retrieved on January 10, 2014.
  21. ^ "联系方式 (Contact Us)". Official website of Xiaomi (in Chinese). Retrieved 17 March 2016. 
  22. ^ "Google locations." Google. Retrieved on May 25, 2016. "Google Beijing Tsinghua Science Park Bldg 6 No. 1 Zhongguancun East Road Haidian District"
  23. ^ "联系我们" (Contact Us) (Archive). Beijing Municipal Commission of Education. Retrieved on January 10, 2014. "北京市教育委员会地址:海淀区北四环中路267号北京奥运大厦"
  24. ^ Home page (Archive). Beijing Municipal Commission of Education. Retrieved on January 10, 2014. "地址:海淀区北四环中路267号北京奥运大厦 邮政编码:100083"
  25. ^ "Location." Beijing Haidian Foreign Language Shi Yan School. Retrieved on June 7, 2014. "Address:No.20, Xingshikou Road, Haidian District, Beijing,100195 P.R.China" - Address in Chinese: "地址: 北京市海淀区杏石口路20号 邮编: 100195"
  26. ^ FIB Members, read 20 February 2016

External links[edit]