Haidong

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Coordinates: 36°28′24″N 102°24′38″E / 36.4734°N 102.4106°E / 36.4734; 102.4106

Haidong
海东市
A street in Ping'an District
A street in Ping'an District
Location of Haidong Prefecture in Qinghai
Location of Haidong Prefecture in Qinghai
Coordinates (Haidong CCP Committee, Ping'an District): 36°30′06″N 102°06′21″E / 36.5018°N 102.1058°E / 36.5018; 102.1058
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceQinghai
Municipal seatLedu District
Area
 • Prefecture-level city13,200 km2 (5,100 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city1,726,100
 • Density130/km2 (340/sq mi)
 • Urban
611,800
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-QH-02
Websitewww.haidong.gov.cn (in Chinese)

Haidong (simplified Chinese: 海东; traditional Chinese: 海東; pinyin: Hǎidōng; Wylie: Haitung) is a prefecture-level city of Qinghai province in Western China. Its name literally means "east of the (Qinghai) Lake." On 8 February 2013 Haidong was upgraded from a prefecture (海东地区) into a prefecture-level city.[2] Haidong is the third most populous administrative division in Qinghai after Xining and Golmud.

Haidong was historically populated by the Qiang people, although the area has been inhabited as early as 6000 years ago. In 121 BC the area was captured by Huo Qubing, defeating the Xiongnu. In 399 AD the Xianbei founded the state of Nanliang, with its capital in Ledu District.[3]

Geography[edit]

Haidong is the easternmost division of Qinghai province. It is bounded by Xining, the provincial capital, to the West, the Datong River Valley to the north, Gansu to the east, and the Yellow River to the south. Mountain ranges tower above the district of which the main valley is the one of the Huang Shui (Tib. Tsong Chu), a major tributary of the Yellow River. This valley stretches from west to east and makes up - together with the area around Xining, the landscape which is called Tsongkha ("Onion Valley") by Tibetans. It has a total area of 13,100 square kilometres (5,100 sq mi)

Climate data for Haidong (Ping'an District, 1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2.4
(36.3)
6.1
(43.0)
11.0
(51.8)
17.0
(62.6)
20.9
(69.6)
24.0
(75.2)
26.0
(78.8)
24.8
(76.6)
20.2
(68.4)
14.9
(58.8)
9.4
(48.9)
4.1
(39.4)
15.1
(59.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.2
(20.8)
−2.3
(27.9)
3.2
(37.8)
9.2
(48.6)
13.4
(56.1)
16.7
(62.1)
18.7
(65.7)
17.8
(64.0)
13.5
(56.3)
7.5
(45.5)
0.9
(33.6)
−4.6
(23.7)
7.3
(45.2)
Average low °C (°F) −12.3
(9.9)
−8.6
(16.5)
−2.7
(27.1)
2.7
(36.9)
7.1
(44.8)
10.7
(51.3)
13.0
(55.4)
12.4
(54.3)
8.8
(47.8)
2.3
(36.1)
−5.0
(23.0)
−10.5
(13.1)
1.5
(34.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.3
(0.05)
1.4
(0.06)
5.6
(0.22)
15.8
(0.62)
43.9
(1.73)
52.1
(2.05)
72.1
(2.84)
70.2
(2.76)
53.4
(2.10)
19.5
(0.77)
2.5
(0.10)
0.7
(0.03)
338.5
(13.33)
Average relative humidity (%) 45 44 45 44 51 58 63 64 68 63 52 48 54
Source: China Meteorological Administration[4]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map
Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 Census)
Area (km²) Density
(/km²)
Ping'an District 平安区 Píng'ān Qū 102,975 750 137
Ledu District 乐都区 Lèdū Qū 260,185 2,821 92
Minhe Hui and Tu Autonomous County 民和回族土族自治县 Mínhé Huízú Tǔzú
Zìzhìxiàn
350,118 1,780 197
Huzhu Tu Autonomous County 互助土族自治县 Hùzhù Tǔzú
Zìzhìxiàn
356,437 3,321 107
Hualong Hui Autonomous County 化隆回族自治县 Huàlóng Huízú
Zìzhìxiàn
203,317 2,740 74
Xunhua Salar Autonomous County 循化撒拉族自治县 Xúnhuà Sǎlāzú
Zìzhìxiàn
123,814 1,749 70

Demographics[edit]

As of 2005, the total population of Haidong is approximately 1,480,000. It is the most densely populated area[clarification needed] of Qinghai, with almost a third of the province's population (its surface makes up only two percent of Qinghai).

Further reading[edit]

  • A. Gruschke: The Cultural Monuments of Tibet’s Outer Provinces: Amdo - Volume 1. The Qinghai Part of Amdo, White Lotus Press, Bangkok 2001. ISBN 974-480-049-6
  • Tsering Shakya: The Dragon in the Land of Snows. A History of Modern Tibet Since 1947, London 1999, ISBN 0-14-019615-3

References[edit]