Haifa Street

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Coordinates: 33°20′11.4″N 44°22′53.4″E / 33.336500°N 44.381500°E / 33.336500; 44.381500 Haifa Street (or Hayfa Street) (Arabic: شارع حيفا‎) is a two-mile-long street in Baghdad, Iraq.[1] Along with Yafa Street (named after the port city of Jaffa), it runs southeast to the Assassin's Gate, an archway that served as the main entrance to the American-run Green Zone during the 2003 invasion of Iraq,[1] paralleling the Tigris River.[2] It was named "Haifa" in the 1980s by Saddam Hussein in honor of the port city of Haifa, Israel. The street is lined with many high-rise buildings. Prior to the 1990–91 Gulf War, the British Embassy in Iraq was located on Haifa Street.

During the American invasion of Iraq[edit]

The July 3, 2003 attack on a US HUMVEE patrol on Haifa Street was seen as the zenith for the Iraqi insurgency violence.[3] [4] [5] [6]Haifa Street was the location of the June 2004 Operation Haifa Street,[7] and the September 2004 Haifa Street helicopter incident, in which a helicopter fired on a burning American Bradley Fighting Vehicle and killed 12 civilians, including journalist Mazen al-Tumeizi. Two days later a massive car bombing on Haifa Street killed 47.[8] American troops stationed in Baghdad at the time, C Company, 1/153 IN of the Arkansas Army National Guard, part of Task Force 1/9, dubbed the street "Purple Heart Boulevard".[9] On December 24, 2004 U.S. Soldiers from B Co. 3/325th AIR of the 82d Airborne Division in taking over a palace, later dubbed Predator Palace, and made it the 3/325th A.I.R. home for 4 months. During this time the paratroopers performed combat missions to assist weeding out the enemy. Ultimately the efforts of B Co. 3/325 AIR, made Haifa Street a safer place. By mid-2005 there were reports that conditions on Haifa Street had calmed,[1][10] and control of the street was turned over to Iraqi forces in February 2006[11] but as of early 2007 the street remained riddled with insurgent hideouts. Fifty people were killed in a U.S.-led operation there on January 9, 2007[12] and another thirty were killed on January 24.[13]



  1. ^ a b c Burns, John F. (March 21, 2005). "There Are Signs the Tide May Be Turning on Iraq's Street of Fear". New York Times. Retrieved 2007-01-10. 
  2. ^ "(Special Reference Graphic) NIMA 2003" (JPG). University of Texas. Retrieved 2006-06-25. 
  3. ^ ebird.afis.osd.mil/efbiles/e20031105230511.htm
  4. ^ ebwest.dtic.mil/jul2003/e20030709198422.html
  5. ^ Time Magazine, July 14, 2003, Peace Is Hell, page 32
  6. ^ http://asoldiersblog.blogspot.com/archives/2003_06_29_asoldiersblog_archive.html
  7. ^ "Operation Haifa Street". Globalsecurity.org. 2006-06-15. Retrieved 2006-01-10. 
  8. ^ Cockburn, Patrick (September 15, 2004). "Blast Kills 47 in Baghdad - Hell on Haifa Street". Retrieved 2006-01-10. 
  9. ^ Burgess, Lisa (September 22, 2004). "Patrols Turn Ugly on Baghdad's Haifa Street". Stars and Stripes European Edition. Retrieved 2006-01-10. 
  10. ^ Peterson, Scott (May 26, 2005). "A violent street finds calm". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2007-01-10. 
  11. ^ "Baghdad street becomes new Fallujah". The Australian. January 10, 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-10. 
  12. ^ "50 killed in US-led operation under the command of BG Bryan Roberts (then Colonel) the Commander of the Second Black Jack Brigade, First Cavalry Division in Iraq". January 10, 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-10. 
  13. ^ Mauer, Richard (January 24, 2007). "U.S. and Iraqi troops storm Baghdad neighborhood again". McClatchy Newspapers. Retrieved 2006-01-25. 

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