Haig Colliery Mining Museum

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Haig Colliery Mining Museum was a visitor attraction situated in Kells, high on the cliffs above Whitehaven in Cumbria, England, with magnificent views across the Solway Firth to Scotland and the Isle of Man. It closed in January 2016 due to insolvency.[1]

History[edit]

It was an independent, volunteer-led project to provide a permanent archive of the local mining history and community resource within the remaining winding engine house, which is now a scheduled ancient monument.[2] One of the two massive steam winding engines had been returned to working order, and many artifacts were on permanent display to help describe the life of the local miners and the social history of the area.

Coal mining in Whitehaven dates back to the thirteenth century when the monks from St Bees Abbey supervised the opening of coal mines at Arrowthwaite.[3] This long history ended abruptly in March 1986, when Haig Colliery, Cumbria's last deep coal mine, finally closed.[4]

During this time, the gassy nature of the mines caused many violent explosions.[5] Over 1200 men, women, and children were killed in the Whitehaven pits while mining coal in workings up to four miles out beneath the Solway Firth. Haig itself had a terrible record of methane explosions in the 1920s. Fourteen miners are still entombed in the workings to this day.[6]

Building[edit]

The history of the building of the mining museum is vast, in fact it didn't even look the same as what is today. It was a huge building that dominated the kells industrial estate will tall chimneys, working lifts and conveyor belts to transport the coal from A to B.[7]

Transportation of Coal[edit]

The footpath behind the building is called 'The Wagon Road' because in the 1800s when the coal industry was at its peak in the North West of England, the coal wagons used to go down the wagon road to get to the train track to then transport the coal into the town centre where it would be distributed to the train track or the Whitehaven harbour, one of Britain's main ports at the time.[7]

Closure[edit]

The museum closed for repairs in 2014, and after a 2.4 million refurbishment, reopened to the public in February 2015. Even though the museum attracted in excess of its anticipated 15,000 visitor numbers, financial problems meant that by January 2016 the museum had closed.[8] Some of the buildings are being used by West Cumbria Mining as its main operating base whilst it test drills for coal off the Cumbrian coast.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Liquidators take control of stricken Haig museum". www.whitehavennews.co.uk. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  2. ^ Historic England. "Haig Colliery  (Grade not applicable) (1017644)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  3. ^ "Whitehaven Coking Coal Project" (PDF). westcumbriamining.com. p. 4. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  4. ^ "Coal mining in West Cumbria: what you need to know". ITV News. 6 November 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  5. ^ "Haig Colliery - Northern Mine Research Society". Northern Mine Research Society. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  6. ^ "Disasters.". Haig Pit Mining And Colliery Museum. 21 May 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  7. ^ a b "Haig Pit". Haig Pit Mining And Colliery Museum. 15 May 2013. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  8. ^ "Shock closure of £2.4m museum". www.whitehavennews.co.uk. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  9. ^ "Engineer plans to bring coal mines back to Cumbria". This is Money. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°32′34″N 3°35′54″W / 54.5428°N 3.5983°W / 54.5428; -3.5983