Haigerloch Castle and castle church in 2016
|• Mayor||Heinrich Götz|
|• Total||76.46 km2 (29.52 sq mi)|
|Elevation||492 m (1,614 ft)|
|• Density||140/km2 (360/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Politics
- 4 Culture and objects of interest
- 5 Economics and infrastructure
- 6 Notable people
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Haigerloch lies at between 430 and 550 metres elevation in the valley of the Eyach river, which forms two loops in a steep shelly limestone valley. The town is therefore also called the 'Felsenstädtchen' (rocky/cliffy small town).
Haigerloch's neighbouring municipalities are specified below in clockwise order from the north, and belong to the Zollernalbkreis unless indicated.
Haigerloch consists of the following nine districts:
- Bad Imnau
It is located 397 m above sea level. NN and has 572 inhabitants (31 December 2011). Bad Imnau was incorporated on 1 August 1973 town Haigerloch.
The city came in 1381 with the reign Haigerloch to the Habsburgs, the fief passed it in the 15th century to the lords of Weitingen. In 1516 Imnau was sold to the Count of Zollern. Imnau had inhabitants:
- 1824 440,
- 1836 591
- 1890 507
In 1700, the physician Samuel Caspar discovered small pots source in the valley of the Eyach. 1733 Prince source was exposed, which is named after Prince Joseph Friedrich von Hohenzollern. In 1905, the Apollo-source was taken in by the family Imnau Pope, which was sold to Commerce Carl Haegele in the following year.
The first documented mention of Haigerloch was in the year 1095 on the occasion of the gift of the local castle. This castle was probably located in the area around the Upper Town. By 1200 the Counts of Hohenberg appear as the local lords and build a new castle on the Schlossberg. The lower town evolved into a market town. Rudolf I, a brother-in-law of Albert II Von Hohenberg-Haigerloch, awarded the town charter to Haigerloch before 1231. In 1268 a battle was fought just outside the city between Zollern and Hohenberg. In 1291 the city was besieged by Count Eberhard I of Württemberg; in 1347 the town was besieged again. From 1356 onward the upper town and lower town were administratively separated, but were reunited when the lordship of Haigerloch was sold to Austria in 1381. The Habsburgs pawned the property on several occasions, including to the Counts of Württemberg.
In 1487 rule of the city fell to the Hohenzollern. In 1567 under Christoph von Hohenzollern-Haigerloch the area around Haigerloch was an independent territory within the area of the Holy Roman Empire as Hohenzollern-Haigerloch. In this period, the present castle complex was built on the Schlossberg as the residence of the counts of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch, replacing the former high-medieval structure. In 1634 rule of the city descended to the line of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, whose residence city was the city of Haigerloch between 1737 and 1769.
In the last months of World War II, Haigerloch was the location of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Physics, part of the German nuclear programme, which had the goal of achieving practical use of nuclear fission. According to current view the atomic bomb was not a direct objective of this work, but initially only the construction of the Haigerloch Research Reactor, which was constructed in a beer cellar beneath the palace church. Through courageous negotiations by the pastor to rescue the reactor facility it was spared from demolition by an American command on April 24, 1945, and today is the site of the Atomkeller-Museum with a replica of the reactor.
In the local council election of 13 June 2004, the result was:
Culture and objects of interest
Haigerloch lies on the Ferienstraße (holiday road) and on the Hohenzollernstraße.
- Atomkeller-Museum (atomic cellar museum), former research reactor during World War II
- Synagogue Haigerloch, former synagogue
- Atomic cellar in the rock under the castle church
- Roman tower Burg Haigerloch (Römerturm)
- Lower part of town church
- Jewisch cemetery (Haigerloch)
- Former synagogue
Partnerships between cities
Economics and infrastructure
The L410 connects the city with Rangendingen to the east. The L360 forms the feeder, along with the federal highway B463, to the A81 motorway.
One of the few rock salt mines still active in Germany is in the Stetten quarter. Salt has been extracted here since 1854.
- Salomon Schweigger (1551–1622), evangelic parson and traveller to the Orient
- Christoph, Count of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch (1552–1592), first Count of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch
- Johann Christoph, Count of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch (1586–1620), second Earl of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch
- Charles, Count of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch (1588–1634), third Earl of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch
- Franz Christoph Anton, Count of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1699–1767), Canon, First Minister of the Electorate of Cologne
- Christian Großbayer (1718–1782), architect of the late Baroque
- Simon Anton Zimmermann (1807–1876), conductor, choirmaster and composer
- Father Desiderius Lenz, born Peter Lenz (1832–1928), painter and founder of the Beuron School of Art
- Hermann Eger (1877–1944), born in Weildorf, politician (center), member of the Reichstag
- Karl Widmaier (1886–1931), writer
- Karl Hurm( 1930–), a contemporary German painter.
- "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.
- Bethe, Hans A. (July 2000). "The German Uranium Project". Physics Today. 53 (7): 34–36. doi:10.1063/1.1292473.
- "Startseite - Ehemalige Synagoge Haigerloch". www.synagoge-haigerloch.de. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
- "Die Synagoge in Haigerloch (Zollernalbkreis)". www.alemannia-judaica.de.
- This is a translation of the German wiki page de:Haigerloch
Media related to Haigerloch at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website (in German)