Haikou dialect

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Haikou dialect
海口話
Pronunciation[hai˨˩˧ xau˨˩˧ ue˨˧]
Native toSouthern China
RegionHaikou, Hainan
Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottologhain1237[1]
Linguasphere79-AAA-ked
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Haikou dialect is a topolect of Chinese and a subvariety of Hainanese which is spoken in Haikou, the capital of the Hainan province and island of China.

Phonology[edit]

Haikou dialect has the following initials:[2]

Labial Dental Sibilant Velar Glottal
Stop / Affricate voiceless t ts k ʔ
voiced implosive ɓ ɗ
Nasal m n ŋ
Fricative voiceless f s x h
voiced v z
Lateral l

The finals are:[3]

Vocalic codas Nasal codas Stop codas
a ai au am ap ak
ia iau iam iaŋ iap iak
ua uai uaŋ uak
ɛ e ek
ue
o ɔi ɔu ɔm ɔŋ ɔp ɔk
io iɔŋ iɔk
i iu im in ip it
u ui un uk ok

There are also two syllabic nasals, /m̩/ and /ŋ̍/.[3]

The tone categories (described using Chao tone letters) are:[3][4]

level rising departing entering
upper 24 213 35 5
lower 21 33 3
55ʔ

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Haikou". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Chen (1996), p. 4.
  3. ^ a b c Chen (1996), p. 5.
  4. ^ Yan (2006), p. 142.