Haikou dialect

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Haikou dialect
Pronunciation[hai˨˩˧ xau˨˩˧ ue˨˧]
Native toSouthern China
RegionHaikou, Hainan
Language codes
ISO 639-3
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Haikou dialect is a topolect of Chinese and a subvariety of Hainanese which is spoken in Haikou, the capital of the Hainan province and island of China.


Haikou dialect has the following initials:[2]

Labial Dental Sibilant Velar Glottal
Stop / Affricate voiceless t ts k ʔ
voiced implosive ɓ ɗ
Nasal m n ŋ
Fricative voiceless f s x h
voiced v z
Lateral l

The finals are:[3]

Vocalic codas Nasal codas Stop codas
a ai au am ap ak
ia iau iam iaŋ iap iak
ua uai uaŋ uak
ɛ e ek
o ɔi ɔu ɔm ɔŋ ɔp ɔk
io iɔŋ iɔk
i iu im in ip it
u ui un uk ok

There are also two syllabic nasals, /m̩/ and /ŋ̍/.[3]

The tone categories (described using Chao tone letters) are:[3][4]

level rising departing entering
upper 24 213 35 5
lower 21 33 3

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Haikou". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Chen (1996), p. 4.
  3. ^ a b c Chen (1996), p. 5.
  4. ^ Yan (2006), p. 142.