Hailes Abbey

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Hailes Abbey
Hailes Abbey Landscape.jpg
Monastery information
OrderCistercian
Established1246
DisestablishedChristmas Eve 1539
Mother houseBeaulieu Abbey
People
Founder(s)Richard, Earl of Cornwall
Abbot
  • First: Jordan of Beaulieu
  • Last: Stephen Sagar
Site
LocationTwo miles northeast of Winchcombe, Gloucestershire, England
Coordinates51°58′6″N 1°55′41″W / 51.96833°N 1.92806°W / 51.96833; -1.92806Coordinates: 51°58′6″N 1°55′41″W / 51.96833°N 1.92806°W / 51.96833; -1.92806
Public accessYes: the ruins are owned by the National Trust but financed and managed by English Heritage.
Official nameHailes Abbey and ringwork
Designated1 October 1936
Reference no.1018070
Listed Building – Grade I
Official nameHailes Abbey
Designated4 July 1960
Reference no.1154262

Hailes Abbey is a Cistercian abbey, two miles northeast of Winchcombe, Gloucestershire, England. It was founded in 1246 as a daughter establishment of Beaulieu Abbey. The abbey was dissolved by Henry VIII in 1539. Now, little remains of the abbey. There is a museum on the site holding many artifacts from the Abbey. It is a Grade I listed building[1] and has been scheduled as an ancient monument.[2]

The site is owned by the National Trust but financed and managed by English Heritage.

History[edit]

The abbey was founded in 1246 by Richard, Earl of Cornwall, the younger brother of King Henry III of England. Richard was elected by the German Princes as Holy Roman Emperor but the Pope refused him use of the title, henceforth he was styled "King of the Romans".[3] Richard founded the abbey to thank God after surviving a shipwreck.[4] Richard had been granted the manor of Hailes by King Henry, and settled it with a group of twenty Cistercian monks and ten lay brothers, lead by Prior Jordan, from Beaulieu Abbey in Hampshire.[5][6] The great Cistercian abbey was entirely built in a single campaign in 1277, and was consecrated in a royal ceremony that included the King and Queen and 15 bishops. It was one of the last Cistercian houses to be founded in Englnd.[5]

Hailes Abbey became a site of pilgrimage after Richard's son Edmund donated to the Cistercian community a phial of the Holy Blood, purchased in Germany, in 1270. Such a relic of the Crucifixion was a considerable magnet for pilgrimage. From the proceeds, the monks of Hailes were able to rebuild the Abbey on a magnificent scale.[6] One Abbot of Hailes was executed as a rebel after the Battle of Bramham Moor, in 1408.

Though King Henry VIII's commissioners declared the famous relic to be nothing but the blood of a duck,[citation needed] regularly renewed, and though the Abbot Stephen Sagar admitted that the Holy Blood was a fake in hope of saving the Abbey, Hailes Abbey was one of the last religious institutions to acquiesce following the Dissolution Act of 1536. The Abbot and his monks finally surrendered their abbey to Henry's commissioners on Christmas Eve 1539.[6]

After the Dissolution, the west range consisting of the Abbot's own apartments was converted into a house and was home to the Tracy family in the seventeenth century, but these buildings were later demolished and now all that remains are a few low arches in a meadow with outlines in the grass. Surviving remains include the small church for the disappeared parish, with unrestored medieval wall-paintings.[6]

The abbey is owned by the National Trust but financed and managed by English Heritage.

Burials[edit]

Hailes Church[edit]

Outside the remains of the Abbey is Hailes Church. The church is older than the abbey, and was consecrated in 1175. It later served as the Capella Ante Portas to the Abbey until the Abbey's dissolution in 1539. Inside the church are fine medieval wall paintings.

Hauntings[edit]

The Abbey is said to be haunted by Monks and also by a white lady, who is thought to be Lady Joan Huddlestone, wife of Sir John Huddlestone of Ellenborough Park, who are both buried in the Abbey. It is said she protects their grave site. In the late 1970s, a team of Archaeologists working at the Abbey experienced a female apparition glide past the entrance of the abbey and down the Cotswold Way road before she turning back towards the Abbey. In 2005 a photograph was taken of the Abbey when it was empty and an image of a lady in dark Tudor clothing can be seen. The photograph is held in the Museum/office.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Historic England. "Hailes Abbey (1154262)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  2. ^ Historic England. "Hailes Abbey and ringwork> (1018070)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Hailes Abbey", English Heritage.
  4. ^ "Hailes Abbey", English Heritage.
  5. ^ a b Coad, J G (2001). Hailes Abbey. English Heritage. pp. 17–22. ISBN 1-85074-466-1.
  6. ^ a b c d Historic England. "Hailes Abbey (328158)". PastScape. Retrieved 14 June 2013.

External links[edit]