Hailuoto

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Hailuoto
Hailuoto — Karlö
Municipality
Hailuodon kunta
Karlö kommun
Pilot station and lighthouse in Marjaniemi
Pilot station and lighthouse in Marjaniemi
Coat of arms of Hailuoto
Coat of arms
Location of Hailuoto in Finland
Location of Hailuoto in Finland
Coordinates: 65°01′N 024°43′E / 65.017°N 24.717°E / 65.017; 24.717Coordinates: 65°01′N 024°43′E / 65.017°N 24.717°E / 65.017; 24.717
Country  Finland
Region Northern Ostrobothnia
Sub-region Oulu sub-region
Government
 • Municipal manager Ari Nurkkala
Area (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total 1,082.70 km2 (418.03 sq mi)
 • Land 200.53 km2 (77.43 sq mi)
 • Water 882.17 km2 (340.61 sq mi)
Area rank 261st largest in Finland
Population (2017-08-31)[2]
 • Total 981
 • Rank 300th largest in Finland
 • Density 4.89/km2 (12.7/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish 99.1% (official)
 • Swedish 0.1%
 • Others 0.8%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 13.9%
 • 15 to 64 61.5%
 • 65 or older 24.6%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 19.25%
Website www.hailuoto.fi
Official name Bird Wetlands of Hailuoto Island
Designated 2 February 2004
Reference no. 1505[6]

Hailuoto (Swedish: Karlö) is an island and a municipality in Northern Ostrobothnia region, Finland. The population of Hailuoto is 981 (August 31, 2017)[2] and the municipality covers an area of 200.53 km2 (77.43 sq mi) (excluding sea areas) of which 1.70 km2 (0.66 sq mi) is inland water (January 1, 2018).[1] The population density is 4.89/km2 (12.7/sq mi).

Hailuoto is located on an island of the same name opposite the city of Oulu in the Gulf of Bothnia. A ferry operates regularly between Hailuoto and Oulunsalo. In winter an official ice road connects the island to the mainland.

Land in the region is constantly rising due to post-glacial rebound. It is estimated that the first parts of Hailuoto appeared from the Baltic Sea about 1700 years ago. The current island of Hailuoto was formed from many smaller islands. Two large sections, Santonen and Hanhinen merged into the main island (Luoto) only about two centuries ago. The island is continuously expanding and eventually it will join with the continent. Kirkkosalmi, a wetland region between Hanhinen and Luoto is renowned for being an important bird refuge where rare bird species are observed.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 
  2. ^ a b "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, elokuu 2017" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 18 October 2017. 
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  6. ^ "Bird Wetlands of Hailuoto Island". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018. 

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