Hainan Airlines

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Hainan Airlines
海南航空公司
Hainan Airlines Logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
HU CHH HAINAN
Founded 1993
Hubs
Secondary hubs
Focus cities
Frequent-flyer program Fortune Wings Club
Subsidiaries
Fleet size 188
Destinations 110 (incl. subsidiaries)
Parent company Grand China Air
Traded as SSE: 600221
Headquarters Haikou, Hainan, People's Republic of China
Key people Chen Feng (Chairman)[1]
Website hainanairlines.com

Hainan Airlines Co., Ltd. (HNA, Chinese: 海南航空公司; pinyin: Hǎinán Hángkōnggōngsī; Hainanese: Hái-nâm Hang-khun-kông-si) is an airline headquartered in Haikou, Hainan, People's Republic of China. It is the largest civilian-run air transport company and the fourth-largest airline in terms of fleet size in the People's Republic of China. It operates scheduled domestic and international services on 500 routes from Hainan and nine locations on the mainland, as well as charter services. Its main base is Haikou Meilan International Airport,[2] with a hub at Beijing Capital International Airport and several focus cities.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

A now retired Hainan Airlines Boeing 737-300 wearing the airline's former livery

Hainan Airlines was established in October 1989 as Hainan Province Airlines in Hainan, the largest special economy zone in China. Hainan Province Airlines became China's first joint-stock air-transport company following a restructuring in January 1993 and began scheduled services on 2 May 1993. The initial 250 million yuan (US$31.25 million) was financed by the Hainan government (5.33%) and the corporate staff (20%). The rest came from institutional shareholders.[3] In 1996, the provincial airline was renamed Hainan Airlines.

American Aviation LLC, controlled by George Soros, had been a major shareholder of the airline since 1995.[4]

Executive-jet operations with a Bombardier Learjet 55 were added in April 1995. In 1998, Hainan Airlines became the first Chinese carrier to own shares in an airport after it purchased 25% stake[citation needed] of Haikou Meilan International Airport.

Development since the 2000s[edit]

In 2000, HNA Group was established and became the third largest shareholder (7.31%) of Hainan Airlines.[5] It also controlled Shanxi Airlines, Chang An Airlines and China Xinhua Airlines.[citation needed] By 2003 Hainan, the main airline, overtook Chang'an as the fourth largest airline in China.[6]

In 2007 Grand China Air was established as the new holding company, which American Aviation became its subsidiary.

On 29 September 2005, HNA Group ordered 42 Boeing 787-8s, 10 of which were earmarked for the Hainan Airlines fleet. In January 2006, China Aviation Supplies Import and Export Group Corporation ordered 10 Boeing 737–800s for Hainan Airlines. In September 2006, Hainan Airlines ordered another 15 Boeing 737-800s.

On 4 December 2007, Hainan Airlines acquired three Airbus A340-600s on lease from International Lease Finance Corporation. On 14 November 2007, Hainan Airlines received its first Airbus A330-200. In June 2007, Hainan Airlines ordered 13 Airbus A320-200 aircraft. In late 2007, Hainan Airlines ordered 50 Embraer ERJ-145s and 50 Embraer 190s, with a total value (at list price) of $2.7 billion USD. The 50-seat ERJ-145s were produced by the Harbin Embraer Aircraft Industry (HEAI) joint venture, located in Harbin. E-190 deliveries began in December 2007. Due to the global financial crisis and huge losses incurred in 2008, the ERJ-145 order was reduced to 25. The E-190 order remained unchanged.[citation needed]

On 25 March 2015, Hainan Airlines announced its intention to acquire 30 Boeing 787-9s, which are all to join the Hainan Airlines Fleet. The delivery of the aircraft is scheduled to be completed by 2021.[7] Two leased Boeing 787-9 aircraft are due for delivery in Spring 2016.[8]

Corporate affairs[edit]

Offices[edit]

Hainan Airlines and the HNA Group have their headquarters in the HNA Building (simplified Chinese: 新海航大厦; traditional Chinese: 新海航大廈; pinyin: Xīn Hǎiháng Dàshà),[9][10] in Haikou, Hainan.[11] with other office premises HNA Tower in focused cities including Beijing, Chongqing, Guangzhou and Shanghai. It was previously headquartered in the HNA Development Building a.k.a. the Haihang Development Building (simplified Chinese: 海航发展大厦; traditional Chinese: 海航發展大廈; pinyin: Hǎiháng Fāzhǎn Dàshà) along Haixiu Road in Haikou.[12][13][14]

Lounges[edit]

Hainan Airlines operates several self-owned airport lounges at its main hub and focus cities including Beijing (T1 HNA Exclusive Terminal), Haikou, Xi'an, Guangzhou and Urumqi. In addition, the airline will soon open its exclusive international departure lounge at its main international hub Beijing International Airport Terminal 2. The airline also operates an exclusive Transit Lounge for transferring HNA Group passengers at Beijing Airport Non-restricted area.

Frequent-flyer program[edit]

Hainan Airlines's frequent-flyer program is called Fortune Wings Club (simplified Chinese: 金鹏俱乐部; traditional Chinese: 金鵬俱樂部; pinyin: Jīn Péng Jùlèbù). The airlines's subsidiaries Hong Kong Airlines, Lucky Air, Tianjin Airlines, Beijing Capital Airlines, Fuzhou Airlines and parent company Grand China Air are also parts of the program. It is also possible for passengers to collect miles on Air Berlin, Alaska Airlines, Etihad Airways and the airlines which have codeshares with Hainan Airlines.[15] Members can earn miles on flights as well as through consumption with Hainan Airlines's credit card. When enough miles are collected, members can be upgraded to Elite members which are divided into two tiers: Fortune Wings Gold membership and Silver Card membership. Elite membership get extra services.[16]

Accolades[edit]

Hainan Airlines is one of nine airlines worldwide, which are all based in Asia and the Middle East, rated as five-star by Skytrax, along with All Nippon Airways, Asiana Airlines, Cathay Pacific, Etihad Airways, EVA Air, Garuda Indonesia, Qatar Airways, and Singapore Airlines.

Destinations[edit]

As of January 2017, Hainan Airlines operates seven bases across China: Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hangzhou, Sanya, Shenzhen and Xi'an.[17] It operates an extensive network across the People's Republic of China, connecting Asia, Europe, North America and Oceania. It serves nearly 500 domestic and international routes and flies to more than 90 cities.

Hainan operates international regular flights and offers charter flights to 41 various destinations in 21 countries such as flights from Beijing to Almaty, Toronto, Berlin, Brussels, Seattle/Tacoma, St. Petersburg, Moscow, Chicago, Las Vegas, and Boston; Beijing, Xi'an, Dalian, Guangzhou, Haikou to Taipei; Beijing, Haikou, Nanning to Bangkok; Hefei via Haikou to Singapore and others.[18] Hainan also received official approval from the US DOT to begin nonstop flights between Beijing and Chicago. Starting in June 2014, Hainan began servicing Boston directly with a four-times-weekly 787 flight from Beijing Capital International Airport. It is the first direct flight between Boston and China.[19] The airline plans to begin service in the second quarter of 2013 with the Boeing 787 Dreamliner aircraft. It will become the first Chinese carrier to offer flights between the two cities. Flights from Beijing-Capital to Chicago-O'Hare began on September 3, 2013.[20][21]

On October 23, 2015, Hainan announced flights to Manchester, United Kingdom, starting in summer 2016.[22] Hainan announced the launch of a direct route between Beijing and Calgary, Canada, starting June 30, 2016.[23] During the second half of 2017, Hainan Airlines will begin flights from Shanghai to Tel Aviv and restart flights from Shanghai to Brussels.[24]

Codeshare agreements[edit]

Hainan Airlines codeshares with the following airlines:[25]

Fleet[edit]

Hainan Airlines Boeing 737-800
Hainan Airlines Boeing 787-8

As of September 2017, the Hainan Airlines fleet consists of the following aircraft:[26][27]

Hainan Airlines Fleet
Aircraft In Fleet Orders Passengers Notes
C Y Total
Airbus A330-200 9 36 186 222
Airbus A330-300 13 32 260 292
Boeing 737-700 3 148 148
1 8 120 128
Boeing 737-800 137 8 156 164
Boeing 737 MAX 8 3[28]
TBA
3 firm orders.
Commitment for up to 50 aircraft.[29]
Boeing 767-300ER 3 34 199 233
Boeing 787-8 10 36 177 213
Boeing 787-9 9[30] 30 259 289
3[31] 30 262 292
COMAC C919 20[32]
TBA
Total 188 23

Future Fleet Plans[edit]

Hainan Airlines is planning on adding an additional 13 Boeing 787-9, and 6 Boeing 737 MAX 8 aircraft in the near future, with deliveries planned from 2018 onwards.[33] Hainan Airlines will also be among the first operators of the COMAC C919, with deliveries beginning in the 2020s.

Fleet History[edit]

Hainan Airlines has previously operated the following aircraft:[citation needed]

Hainan Airlines Fleet
Aircraft Fleet Introduced Retired Notes
Airbus A319-100 6 2005 2008 Transferred to Deer Air
Airbus A340-600 3 2008 2014
Boeing 737-300 9 1993 2014
Boeing 737-300SF 1 2004 2005 Transferred to Yangtze River Express
Boeing 737-400 7 1995 2014
Fairchild Dornier 328JET 27 1999 2009 Three aircraft are currently stored
Most are transferred to Tianjin Airlines

Shareholders[edit]

As of 31 December 2016, Grand China Air is the direct parent company of Hainan Airlines (24.33% shares directly; an additional 1.29% shares via a subsidiary American Aviation LDC),[34] which was partially owned by Hainan Development Holdings (24.97%), HNA Group (23.11%), Starstep (9.57%), Haikou Meilan International Airport (8.30%), Shenhua Group (5.56%) and other shareholders (As of 30 June 2016).[35]

HNA Group owned 3.53% shares directly and via Changjiang Leasing, owned an additional 3.08% shares as the second largest shareholder.[34]

Haikou Meilan International Airport was the third largest shareholder for 5.13% shares.[34] Moreover, HNA Group also owned Haikou Meilan International Airport partially, as well as Hainan Airlines as cross ownership.

A private equity fund that was managed by Shanghai Pudong Development Bank, owned 4.91% shares as the fourth largest shareholder.[34]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ William Mellor (23 May 2014). "For Hainan Airlines’ Chen Feng, rise of resort in China provides lift for a new sky empire". Washington Post. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  2. ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International: 89. 2007-04-03 
  3. ^ Ji, Minhua; Liu, Gong. "Hainan Airlines to form aviation conglomerate - 10 Jul 2006". Retrieved 5 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Zeng, Qingkai (17 Oct 2005). "Soros injects another US$25m into Hainan Airlines". China Daily. Retrieved 5 June 2016. 
  5. ^ "2000 Annual Report" (PDF). Hainan Airlines (in Chinese). Shanghai Stock Exchange. 17 April 2001. p. 7. Retrieved 19 August 2017. 
  6. ^ Ionides, Nicholas. "Bigger is Better." Flightglobal. 16–22 September 2003. p. 43. Retrieved on October 30, 2012.
  7. ^ "Chinese airline set to order 30 Boeing 787-9 jets". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  8. ^ "Hainan Airlines". Airliner World: 17. July 2015. 
  9. ^ 海口海航大厦. HNA Group. Retrieved on August 30, 2012.
  10. ^ "HNA Gallaries." [sic] HNA Group. Retrieved on August 30, 2012.
  11. ^ "金鹏会员手册简易版." (Archive) Hainan Airlines. Retrieved on August 26, 2012. "地址:海南省海口市国兴大道新海航大厦 邮编:570000 Address: New Haihang Bldg Guoxing Road, Haikou, Hainan, 570000, PR,China"
  12. ^ "Contact Us." Hainan Airlines. Retrieved on October 3, 2009. "HNA Development Building, 29 Haixiu Road, Hainan, 570206, P.R. China"
  13. ^ "Contacts." (Archive) Hainan Airlines. Retrieved on August 26, 2012. "Address:Haihang Development Building, No.29 Haixiu Road, Haikou, Hainan Province, PRC. 570206"
  14. ^ "海南航空股份有限公司 600221 2010 年半年度报告." (Archive) Hainan Airlines. August 2010. p. 1. Retrieved on August 26, 2012. "海南省海口市海秀路29 号海航发展大厦"
  15. ^ Hainan Airlines. "Notice on Application" 
  16. ^ "Elite Membership". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  17. ^ "Hainan Airlines set to establish Chengdu base". ch-aviation. 22 January 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "Hainan Airlines - Cherished Experience". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  19. ^ "Massport - Governor Patrick Announces Boston-Beijing Nonstop Flights". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  20. ^ "Chinese airline gets OK for Chicago-Beijing flights". Chicago Business. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  21. ^ "Hainan Airlines - Cherished Experience". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  22. ^ "Manchester to Beijing flight service will give region £250m boost". men. Retrieved 2015-10-23. 
  23. ^ "Chinese airline launches non-stop flights between Calgary and Beijing". Retrieved 2016-02-11. 
  24. ^ "Hainan Airlines to launch Tel Aviv-Shanghai flights". globes. Retrieved 2017-05-29. 
  25. ^ "Profile on Hainan Airlines". CAPA. Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on 2016-10-29. Retrieved 2016-10-29. 
  26. ^ "Hainan Airlines - Cherished Experience". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  27. ^ "Hainan Airlines Fleet Details and History". planespotters.net. 22 January 2017. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  28. ^ "Orders and Deliveries". 
  29. ^ "Boeing, Hainan Airlines Announce Commitment for 50 737 MAX 8s". Boeing. Retrieved 16 July 2014. 
  30. ^ "Profile on Hainan Airlines | CAPA". centreforaviation.com. Retrieved 2017-05-24. 
  31. ^ "CAPA - Centre for Aviation". centreforaviation.com. Retrieved 2017-05-24. 
  32. ^ chinaaviationdaily.com - Airlines That Have Ordered COMAC C919 So Far 29 October 2015
  33. ^ https://airwaysmag.com/airlines/hainan-airlines-to-add-13-787-9s-and-six-737-max-8s/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  34. ^ a b c d "2016 Annual Report" (PDF). Hainan Airlines (in Chinese). Shanghai Stock Exchange. 29 March 2017. Retrieved 19 August 2017. 
  35. ^ "简式权益变动报告书" (PDF). Hainan Airlines (in Chinese). Shanghai Stock Exchange. 7 September 2016. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Hainan Airlines at Wikimedia Commons