Hainan Airlines

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Hainan Airlines
Hainan Airlines Logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded 1993
Secondary hubs
Focus cities
Frequent-flyer program Fortune Wings Club
Fleet size 173
Destinations 110 (incl. subsidiaries)
Parent company Grand China Air
Traded as SSE: 600221
Headquarters Haikou, Hainan, People's Republic of China
Key people Chen Feng (Chairman)[1]
Website hainanairlines.com

Hainan Airlines Co., Ltd. (HNA, Chinese: 海南航空公司; pinyin: Hǎinán Hángkōnggōngsī; Hainanese: Hái-nâm Hang-khun-kông-si) is an airline headquartered in Haikou, Hainan, People's Republic of China. It is the largest civilian-run air transport company and the fourth-largest airline in terms of fleet size in the People's Republic of China. It operates scheduled domestic and international services on 500 routes from Hainan and nine locations on the mainland, as well as charter services. Its main base is Haikou Meilan International Airport,[2] with a hub at Beijing Capital International Airport and several focus cities.


Early years[edit]

A now retired Hainan Airlines Boeing 737-300 wearing the airline's former livery

Hainan Airlines was established in October 1989 as Hainan Province Airlines in Hainan, the largest special economy zone in China. Hainan Province Airlines became China's first joint-stock air-transport company following a restructuring in January 1993 and began scheduled services on 2 May 1993. The initial 250 million yuan (US$31.25 million) was financed by the Hainan government (5.33%) and the corporate staff (20%). The rest came from institutional shareholders.[3] In 1996, the provincial airline was renamed Hainan Airlines.

American Aviation LLC, controlled by George Soros, had been a major shareholder of the airline since 1995.[4]

Executive-jet operations with a Bombardier Learjet 55 were added in April 1995. In 1998, Hainan Airlines became the first Chinese carrier to own shares in an airport after it purchased 25% stake of Haikou Meilan International Airport.

Development since the 2000s[edit]

In 2000, HNA Group was established and became parent company of Hainan Airlines. It also controlled Shanxi Airlines, Chang An Airlines and China Xinhua Airlines. By 2003 Hainan, the main airline, overtook Chang'an as the fourth largest airline in China.[5]

On 29 September 2005, HNA Group ordered 42 Boeing 787-8s, 10 of which were earmarked for the Hainan Airlines fleet. In January 2006, China Aviation Supplies Import and Export Group Corporation ordered 10 Boeing 737–800s for Hainan Airlines. In September 2006, Hainan Airlines ordered another 15 Boeing 737-800s.

On 4 December 2007, Hainan Airlines acquired three Airbus A340-600s on lease from International Lease Finance Corporation. On 14 November 2007, Hainan Airlines received its first Airbus A330-200. In June 2007, Hainan Airlines ordered 13 Airbus A320-200 aircraft. In late 2007, Hainan Airlines ordered 50 Embraer ERJ-145s and 50 Embraer 190s, with a total value (at list price) of $2.7 billion USD. The 50-seat ERJ-145s were produced by the Harbin Embraer Aircraft Industry (HEAI) joint venture, located in Harbin. E-190 deliveries began in December 2007. Due to the global financial crisis and huge losses incurred in 2008, the ERJ-145 order was reduced to 25. The E-190 order remained unchanged.

On 25 March 2015, HNA Group announced its intention to acquire 30 Boeing 787-9s, which are all to join the Hainan Airlines Fleet. The delivery of the aircraft is scheduled to be completed by 2021.[6] Two leased Boeing 787-9 aircraft are due for delivery in Spring 2016.[7]

Corporate affairs[edit]


Hainan Airlines and the HNA Group have their headquarters in the HNA Building (S: 新海航大厦, T: 新海航大廈, P: Xīn Hǎiháng Dàshà),[8][9] in Haikou, Hainan.[10] with other office premises HNA Tower in focused cities including Beijing, Chongqing, Guangzhou and Shanghai. It was previously headquartered in the HNA Development Building a.k.a. the Haihang Development Building (S: 海航发展大厦, T: 海航發展大廈, P: Hǎiháng Fāzhǎn Dàshà) along Haixiu Road in Haikou.[11][12][13]


Hainan Airlines operates several self-owned airport lounges at its main hub and focus cities including Beijing (T1 HNA Exclusive Terminal), Haikou, Xi'an, Guangzhou and Urumqi. In addition, the airline will soon open its exclusive international departure lounge at its main international hub Beijing International Airport Terminal 2. The airline also operates an exclusive Transit Lounge for transferring HNA Group passengers at Beijing Airport Non-restricted area.

Frequent-flyer program[edit]

Hainan Airlines's frequent-flyer program is called Fortune Wings Club (simplified Chinese: 金鹏俱乐部; traditional Chinese: 金鵬俱樂部; pinyin: Jīn Péng Jùlèbù). The airlines's subsidiaries Hong Kong Airlines, Lucky Air, Tianjin Airlines, Beijing Capital Airlines, Fuzhou Airlines and parent company Grand China Air are also parts of the program. It is also possible for passengers to collect miles on Air Berlin, Alaska Airlines, Etihad Airways and the airlines which have codeshares with Hainan Airlines.[14] Members can earn miles on flights as well as through consumption with Hainan Airlines's credit card. When enough miles are collected, members can be upgraded to Elite members which are divided into two tiers: Fortune Wings Gold membership and Silver Card membership. Elite membership get extra services.[15]


Hainan Airlines is one of nine airlines worldwide, which are all based in Asia and the Middle East, rated as five-star by Skytrax, along with All Nippon Airways, Asiana Airlines, Cathay Pacific, Etihad Airways, EVA Air, Garuda Indonesia, Qatar Airways, and Singapore Airlines.


Further information: Hainan Airlines destinations

As of January 2017, Hainan Airlines operates seven bases across China: Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hangzhou, Sanya, Shenzhen and Xi'an.[16] It operates an extensive network across the People's Republic of China, connecting Asia, Europe, North America and Oceania. It serves nearly 500 domestic and international routes and flies to more than 90 cities.

Hainan operates international regular flights and offers charter flights to 34 various destinations in 20 countries such as flights from Beijing to Almaty, Toronto, Berlin, Brussels, Seattle/Tacoma, St. Petersburg, Moscow, Chicago, Las Vegas, and Boston; Beijing, Xi'an, Dalian, Guangzhou, Haikou to Taipei; Beijing, Haikou, Nanning to Bangkok; Hefei via Haikou to Singapore and others.[17] Hainan also received official approval from the US DOT to begin nonstop flights between Beijing and Chicago. Starting in June 2014, Hainan began servicing Boston directly with a four-times-weekly 787 flight from Beijing Capital International Airport. It is the first direct flight between Boston and China.[18] The airline plans to begin service in the second quarter of 2013 with the Boeing 787 Dreamliner aircraft. It will become the first Chinese carrier to offer flights between the two cities. Flights from Beijing-Capital to Chicago-O'Hare began on September 3, 2013.[19][20]

On October 23, 2015, Hainan announced two new routes. Flights to Birmingham, United Kingdom and Manchester, United Kingdom, starting in summer 2016.[21] Hainan announced the launch of a direct route between Beijing and Calgary, Canada, starting June 30, 2016.[22]

Codeshare agreements[edit]

Hainan Airlines codeshares with the following airlines:[23]


Hainan Airlines Boeing 737-800
Hainan Airlines Boeing 787-8

As of January 2017, the Hainan Airlines fleet consists of the following aircraft:[24][25]

Hainan Airlines Fleet
Aircraft In Fleet Orders Passengers Notes
C Y Total
Airbus A330-200 9 36 186 222
Airbus A330-300 14 1 32 260 292
Boeing 737-700 6 1[26] 8 120 128
Boeing 737-800 122 1[26] 8 156 164
Boeing 767-300ER 3 34 199 233
Boeing 787-8 10 36 177 213[27]
Boeing 787-9 9 7[28][not in citation given] 30 258 288
COMAC C919 20[29] TBA
Total 173 30

See also[edit]


  1. ^ William Mellor (23 May 2014). "For Hainan Airlines' Chen Feng, rise of resort in China provides lift for a new sky empire". Washington Post. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  2. ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International: 89. 2007-04-03 
  3. ^ Ji, Minhua; Liu, Gong. "Hainan Airlines to form aviation conglomerate - 10 Jul 2006". Retrieved 5 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Zeng, Qingkai (17 Oct 2005). "Soros injects another US$25m into Hainan Airlines". China Daily. Retrieved 5 June 2016. 
  5. ^ Ionides, Nicholas. "Bigger is Better." Flightglobal. 16–22 September 2003. p. 43. Retrieved on October 30, 2012.
  6. ^ "Chinese airline set to order 30 Boeing 787-9 jets". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  7. ^ "Hainan Airlines". Airliner World: 17. July 2015. 
  8. ^ 海口海航大厦. HNA Group. Retrieved on August 30, 2012.
  9. ^ "HNA Gallaries." [sic] HNA Group. Retrieved on August 30, 2012.
  10. ^ "金鹏会员手册简易版." (Archive) Hainan Airlines. Retrieved on August 26, 2012. "地址:海南省海口市国兴大道新海航大厦 邮编:570000 Address: New Haihang Bldg Guoxing Road, Haikou, Hainan, 570000, PR,China"
  11. ^ "Contact Us." Hainan Airlines. Retrieved on October 3, 2009. "HNA Development Building, 29 Haixiu Road, Hainan, 570206, P.R. China"
  12. ^ "Contacts." (Archive) Hainan Airlines. Retrieved on August 26, 2012. "Address:Haihang Development Building, No.29 Haixiu Road, Haikou, Hainan Province, PRC. 570206"
  13. ^ "海南航空股份有限公司 600221 2010 年半年度报告." (Archive) Hainan Airlines. August 2010. p. 1. Retrieved on August 26, 2012. "海南省海口市海秀路29 号海航发展大厦"
  14. ^ Hainan Airlines. "Notice on Application" 
  15. ^ "Elite Membership". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  16. ^ "Hainan Airlines set to establish Chengdu base". ch-aviation. 22 January 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "Hainan Airlines - Cherished Experience". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  18. ^ "Massport - Governor Patrick Announces Boston-Beijing Nonstop Flights". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  19. ^ "Chinese airline gets OK for Chicago-Beijing flights". Chicago Business. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  20. ^ "Hainan Airlines - Cherished Experience". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  21. ^ "Manchester to Beijing flight service will give region £250m boost". men. Retrieved 2015-10-23. 
  22. ^ "Chinese airline launches non-stop flights between Calgary and Beijing". Retrieved 2016-02-11. 
  23. ^ "Profile on Hainan Airlines". CAPA. Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on 2016-10-29. Retrieved 2016-10-29. 
  24. ^ "Hainan Airlines - Cherished Experience". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  25. ^ "Hainan Airlines Fleet Details and History". planespotters.net. 22 January 2017. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  26. ^ a b Boeing Orders and Deliveries retrieved 14 October 2016
  27. ^ Hainan Airline News, Hainan Airline News, Sep. 02, 2013.
  28. ^ boeing.mediaroom.com - Boeing, Hainan Airlines Celebrate Delivery of Airlines' First 787-9 Dreamliner 8 June 2016
  29. ^ chinaaviationdaily.com - Airlines That Have Ordered COMAC C919 So Far 29 October 2015

External links[edit]

Media related to Hainan Airlines at Wikimedia Commons