Hainan Airlines

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Hainan Airlines
Hainan Airlines Logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded 1993
Focus cities
Frequent-flyer program Fortune Wings Club
Fleet size 153
Destinations 110
Parent company Grand China Airlines Holding Company
Headquarters Haikou, Hainan, China
Key people Chen Feng (Chairman)[1]
Website hainanairlines.com

Hainan Airlines Company Limited (HNA) (SSE: 600221) (Chinese: 海南航空公司; pinyin: Hǎinán Hángkōnggōngsī) is an airline headquartered in Haikou, People's Republic of China. It is the largest privately owned air transport company and the fourth largest airline in terms of fleet size in the People's Republic of China. It operates scheduled domestic and international services on 500 routes from Hainan and nine locations on the mainland, as well as charter services. Its main base is Haikou Meilan International Airport,[2] with a hub at Beijing Capital International Airport and several focus cities.

Hainan Airlines is one of the seven Asian airlines rated as five-star by Skytrax, along with All Nippon Airways, Asiana Airlines, Cathay Pacific, Garuda Indonesia, Qatar Airways, and Singapore Airlines.

History and development[edit]


Former Hainan Air logo, used between 1989 and 2009.

Hainan Airlines was established in October 1989 as Hainan Province Airlines in Hainan, the largest special economy zone in China. It was then renamed as Hainan Airlines and became China's first joint-stock air-transport enterprise in January 1993 and began scheduled services on 2 May 1993.

Fleet expansion and airport purchase[edit]

Executive-jet operations with a Bombardier Learjet 55 were added in April 1995. In 1998, Hainan Airlines became the first Chinese carrier to own shares in an airport after it purchased 25% stake of Haikou Meilan International Airport.

Establishment of holding company[edit]

In 2000, HNA Group (Hainan Airlines Group, S: 海航集团, T: 海航集團, P: Hǎiháng Jítuán) was established which became parent company of Hainan Airlines. It also controlled Shanxi Airlines, Chang An Airlines and China Xinhua Airlines.

By 2003 Hainan, the main airline, overtook Chang'an as the fourth largest airline in China.[3]


On November 30, 2007, a new company called Grand China Airlines Holding Company (GCAHC) was formed under the initiative of the HNA group's largest operational entity, Hainan Airlines. The airline planned to merge its operations with all HNA Group's aviation subsidiaries. The new holding company was held jointly by Hainan province government (48.6%), HNA group (32.8%) and George Soros (18.6%). As a result, a new airline called Grand China Air was founded. According to the plan, the former four airlines under HNA group, Hainan Airlines, Shanxi Airlines, Chang An Airlines, and China Xinhua Airlines should be transferred into Grand China Air in the near future.

In addition, HNA Group also invests in other airlines, including Beijing Capital Airlines (70%), Lucky Air (67.95%), Zest Airways[4] (undisclosed but approximated to be at 40%), Africa World Airlines (42%), Tianjin Airlines (20%), Yangtze River Express (51%), Hong Kong Airlines (45%), Hong Kong Express Airways (45%) and Aigle Azur (48%).[5]

Contemporary history (2012–present)[edit]

Hainan Airlines also plan to set up a Cargo division operating freighter aircraft in 2012 and invest in Turkish carrier ACT Airlines Cargo.[6]

Fuzhou Airlines is the latest subsidiary of HNA Group. It had its maiden flight on October 30, 2014. HNA Group owns a 60% share.[7][8]

In February 2015, HNA announced the creation of Guangxi Airlines. This is a joint venture between Tianjin Airlines, a subsidiary of HNA Group, and state-owned Guangxi Beibu Gulf Investment Group, with Tianjin Airlines holding 70%.[9]

Corporate affairs[edit]

The HNA Building, Hainan Airlines' headquarters in Haikou, Hainan

Hainan Airlines and the HNA Group have their headquarters in the HNA Building (S: 海航大厦, T: 海航大廈, P: Hǎiháng Dàshà),[10][11] a.k.a. the New Haihang Building (S: 新海航大厦, T: 新海航大廈, P: Xīn Hǎiháng Dàshà), Haikou, Hainan, People's Republic of China.[12] It was previously headquartered in the HNA Development Building a.k.a. the Haihang Development Building (S: 海航发展大厦, T: 海航發展大廈, P: Hǎiháng Fāzhǎn Dàshà) along Haixiu Road in Haikou.[13][14][15]


Further information: Hainan Airlines destinations
Hainan Airlines destinations. Switzerland, Angola and Hungary aren't served anymore, but France is served instead.
  Hainan Airlines Destinations

Hainan Airlines has established seven airline bases in Beijing, Xi'an, Taiyuan, Urumqi, Guangzhou, Lanzhou, Dalian and Shenzhen, as well as an extensive network across the People's Republic of China, and connecting Asia, Europe, America and Africa. It serves nearly 500 domestic and international routes and flies to more than 90 cities.

Hainan operates international regular flights and offers charter flights to various destinations such as flights from Beijing to Almaty, Toronto, Berlin, Brussels, Seattle/Tacoma, St. Petersburg, Moscow, Chicago, and Boston; Beijing, Xi'an, Dalian, Guangzhou, Haikou to Taipei; Beijing, Haikou, Nanning to Bangkok; Hefei via Haikou to Singapore and others.[16] Hainan also received official approval from the US DOT to begin nonstop flights between Beijing and Chicago. Starting in June 2014, Hainan began servicing Boston directly with a four times weekly 787 flight from Beijing Capital International Airport. It is the first direct flight between Boston and China.[17] The airline plans to begin service in the second quarter of 2013 with the Boeing 787 Dreamliner aircraft. It will become the first Chinese carrier to offer flights between the two cities. On 23 October 2015 Hainan announced flights to Manchester UK starting in the summer of 2016.[18][19] Flights from Beijing-Capital to Chicago-O'Hare began on September 3, 2013, initially using Airbus A340-600s, but now utilizing 787-8s.


Codeshare agreements[edit]

As of November 2015, Hainan has codeshare agreements with the following airlines:[21]

In addition, they also have interlining agreements with Alaska Airlines/Horizon Air, British Airways, and United Airlines.


A Hainan Airlines Boeing 737-800 at Chengdu Airport, 2011
A Hainan Airlines Airbus A330-300
A Hainan Airlines Boeing 767-300ER at Budapest Airport, 2010

As of January 2016, the Hainan Airlines fleet consists of the following aircraft:[26][27]

Hainan Airlines Fleet
Aircraft In Fleet Orders Passengers
C Y Total
Airbus A330-200 9 36 186 222
Airbus A330-300 13 2 32 260 292
Boeing 737-700 6 8 120 128
Boeing 737-800 112 1 8 156 164
Boeing 767-300ER 3 34 199 233
Boeing 787–8 10 36 177 213[28]
Boeing 787–9 30 TBA
Total 153 55

Aircraft orders[edit]

On 29 September 2005, HNA Group ordered 42 Boeing 787-8s, 10 of which were earmarked for the Hainan Airlines fleet.

In January 2006, China Aviation Supplies Import and Export Group Corporation ordered 10 Boeing 737–800s for Hainan Airlines. In September 2006, Hainan Airlines ordered another 15 Boeing 737-800s.

On 4 December 2007, Hainan Airlines acquired three Airbus A340-600s on lease from International Lease Finance Corporation.

On 14 November 2007, Hainan Airlines received its first Airbus A330-200.

In June 2007, Hainan Airlines ordered 13 Airbus A320-200 aircraft.

In late 2007, Hainan Airlines ordered 50 Embraer ERJ-145s and 50 Embraer 190s, with a total value (at list price) of $2.7 billion USD. The 50-seat ERJ-145s were produced by the Harbin Embraer Aircraft Industry (HEAI) joint venture, located in Harbin. E-190 deliveries began in December 2007. Due to the global financial crisis and huge losses incurred in 2008, the ERJ-145 order was reduced to 25. The E-190 order remained unchanged.

On 25 March 2015, HNA Group announced its intention to acquire 30 Boeing 787-9s, which are all to join the Hainan Airlines Fleet. The delivery of the aircraft is scheduled to be completed by 2021.[29] Two leased Boeing 787-9 aircraft are due for delivery in Spring 2016.[30]

Fortune Wings Club[edit]

Hainan Airlines's frequent-flyer program is called Fortune Wings Club (simplified Chinese: 金鹏俱乐部; traditional Chinese: 金鵬俱樂部; pinyin: Jīn Péng Jùlèbù). The airlines's subsidiaries Hong Kong Airlines, Lucky Air, Tianjin Airlines, Grand China Air, Beijing Capital Airlines, Fuzhou Airlines are also parts of the program. It is also possible for passengers to collect miles on Air Berlin, Alaska Airlines, Etihad Airways and the airlines which have codeshares with Hainan Airlines.[31] Members can earn miles on flights as well as through consumption with Hainan Airlines's credit card. When enough miles are collected, members can be upgraded to Elite members which are divided into two tiers: Fortune Wings Gold membership and Silver Card membership. Elite membership get extra services.[32]

Hainan Airlines subsidiaries[edit]

While operating one of China's largest commercial Airlines, Hainan Airlines also operates numerous subsidiaries in a variety of related and unrelated industries, including: 11 airports, 47 hotels and inns, 13 financial service providers, 5 marine transport firms and 2 retailers.[33] As January 2015, HNA Group have a subsidiaries with following :[citation needed]

Hong Kong

See also[edit]


  1. ^ William Mellor (23 May 2014). "For Hainan Airlines’ Chen Feng, rise of resort in China provides lift for a new sky empire". Washington Post. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  2. ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International: 89. 2007-04-03 
  3. ^ Ionides, Nicholas. "Bigger is Better." Flightglobal. 16–22 September 2003. p. 43. Retrieved on October 30, 2012.
  4. ^ http://www.mb.com.ph/articles/336407/zest-air-offers-40-stake-to-hainan-air-eyes-expansion
  5. ^ http://www.aigle-azur.com/files/files/CP%20Ouverture%20Paris-P%C3%A9kin%2018%2011%2013.pdf
  6. ^ HU to invest in ACT CArgo
  7. ^ Hainan Airlines Granted CAAC Approval to Set Up Fuzhou Airlines by Leon Zheng, at WCARN.com on February 19, 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2014
  8. ^ Hainan Airlines to launch Fuzhou-based airline. Travel Daily Asia. 24 Jan 2014. Retrieved 26 Mar 2014
  9. ^ HNA Group launches GX Airlines in Guangxi, China. Breaking Travel News. 16 Feb 2015. Retrieved 18 Mar 2015
  10. ^ "海口海航大厦." HNA Group. Retrieved on August 30, 2012.
  11. ^ "HNA Gallaries." [sic] HNA Group. Retrieved on August 30, 2012.
  12. ^ "金鹏会员手册简易版." (Archive) Hainan Airlines. Retrieved on August 26, 2012. "地址:海南省海口市国兴大道新海航大厦 邮编:570000 Address: New Haihang Bldg Guoxing Road, Haikou, Hainan, 570000, PR,China"
  13. ^ "Contact Us." Hainan Airlines. Retrieved on October 3, 2009. "HNA Development Building, 29 Haixiu Road, Hainan, 570206, P.R. China"
  14. ^ "Contacts." (Archive) Hainan Airlines. Retrieved on August 26, 2012. "Address:Haihang Development Building, No.29 Haixiu Road, Haikou, Hainan Province, PRC. 570206"
  15. ^ "海南航空股份有限公司 600221 2010 年半年度报告." (Archive) Hainan Airlines. August 2010. p. 1. Retrieved on August 26, 2012. "海南省海口市海秀路29 号海航发展大厦"
  16. ^ "Hainan Airlines - Cherished Experience". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  17. ^ "Massport - Governor Patrick Announces Boston-Beijing Nonstop Flights". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  18. ^ "Manchester to Beijing flight service will give region £250m boost". men. Retrieved 2015-10-23. 
  19. ^ "Subscription Center". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  20. ^ "Hainan Airlines - Cherished Experience". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  21. ^ "Partnership". Hainan Airlines. Retrieved 20 November 2012. 
  22. ^ "American, Chinese airline strike code-sharing deal at O'Hare". Chicago Tribune. December 7, 2011. 
  23. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/29/breaking-news/251565/csa-czech-airlines-hainan-airlines-to-start-codeshare-service-from-late-oct-2015/. Retrieved 8 December 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  24. ^ http://www.jetblue.com/airline-partners/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  25. ^ L, J (26 March 2014). "S7 Airlines / Hainan Airlines Expands Codeshare Service from late-March 2014". Airline Route. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  26. ^ "Hainan Airlines - Cherished Experience". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  27. ^ "Hainan Airlines Fleet Details and History". planespotters.net. 25 June 2015. Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  28. ^ Hainan Airline News, Hainan Airline News, Sep. 02, 2013.
  29. ^ "Chinese airline set to order 30 Boeing 787-9 jets". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  30. ^ "Hainan Airlines". Airliner World: 17. July 2015. 
  31. ^ Hainan Airlines. "Notice on Application" 
  32. ^ "Elite Membership". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  33. ^ "China Economy @ China Perspective". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 

External links[edit]