Hairy-crested antbird

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Hairy-crested antbird
Rhegmatorhina melanosticta -NBII Image Gallery-a00183.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thamnophilidae
Genus: Rhegmatorhina
R. melanosticta
Binomial name
Rhegmatorhina melanosticta
Rhegmatorhina melanosticta map.svg

The hairy-crested antbird (Rhegmatorhina melanosticta) is a species of bird in the family Thamnophilidae. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

The hairy-crested antbird is a specialist ant-follower that relies on swarms of army ants to flush insects and other arthropods out of the leaf litter.[2][3]

The hairy-crested antbird was described by the English ornithologists Philip Sclater and Osbert Salvin in 1880 and given the binomial name Pithys melanosticta.[4] The present genus Rhegmatorhina was introduced by the American ornithologist Robert Ridgway in 1888.[5] The specific epithet melanosticta is from the Ancient Greek melanostiktos meaning "black-spotted". It combines melas meaning "black" and stiktos meaning "spotted".[6]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Rhegmatorhina melanosticta". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T22701895A93853406. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22701895A93853406.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  2. ^ Zimmer, K.; Isler, M.L. (2018) [2003]. del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E. (eds.). "Typical Antbirds (Thamnophilidae)". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 17 February 2018.
  3. ^ Willis, Edwin O. (1969). "On the behavior of five species of Rhegmatorhina, ant-following antbirds of the Amazon basin" (PDF). Wilson Bulletin. 81: 362–395.
  4. ^ Sclater, Philip L.; Salvin, Osbert (1880). "On new birds collected by Mr. C. Buckley in Eastern Ecuador". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 1880 (2): 155–161 [160].
  5. ^ Ridgway, Robert (1887). "Descriptions of new species and genera of birds from the Lower Amazon". Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 10 (660): 516–528 [525]. doi:10.5479/si.00963801.660.516. Although the title page gives the year as 1887, the volume was not published until 1888.
  6. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 248. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.

Further reading[edit]