Hairy-footed flying squirrel

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Hairy-footed flying squirrel
Temporal range: Late Pliocene to Recent
Belomys pearsonii.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Sciuridae
Tribe: Pteromyini
Genus: Belomys
Thomas, 1908
Type species
Belomys pearsonii
(Gray, 1842)
Synonyms

Sciuropterus pearsonii Gray, 1842
Trogopterus pearsonii (Gray, 1842)

The hairy-footed flying squirrel (Belomys pearsonii) is a flying squirrel found in the mountains of the eastern Himalaya, Southeast Asia, and southern China till the island of Taiwan. It lives at elevations of 800–2,400 m (2,600–7,900 ft) above sea level.[1]

The fur is red-brown on the top and white at the bottom. Characteristic are the long hair at the feet, which even covers the claws to protect against the cold in the higher altitudes. The body has a length of about 22 cm; the tail is another 13 cm long.

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

As hairy-footed flying squirrel is related to the complex-toothed flying squirrel, some taxonomists have included the species to the genus Trogopterus. However, its status as distinct genus is now generally accepted.[2]

There are four subspecies: Belomys pearsonii pearsonii, B. m. blandus, B. m. kaleensis, and B. m. trichotis. B. m. kaleensis is endemic to Taiwan. It appears to be genetically distinct from Vietnamese specimens, which themselves represented two distinct lineages (of unknown subspecies). All three lineages are distinct enough to be recognized as separate species.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Molur, S. (2016). "Belomys pearsonii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T2756A22256636. Retrieved 24 April 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Oshida, Tatsuo; Lin, Liang-Kong; Chang, Shih-Wei; Dang, Can Ngoc; Nguyen, Son Truong; Nguyen, Nghia Xuan; Nguyen, Dang Xuan; Endo, Hideki; Kimura, Junpei; Sasaki, Motoki; Hayashida, Akiko; Takano, Ai (March 2015). "Mitochondrial DNA evidence suggests challenge to the conspecific status of the hairy-footed flying squirrel Belomys pearsonii from Taiwan and Vietnam". Mammal Study. 40 (1): 29–33. doi:10.3106/041.040.0106.