Hairy stone crab

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Hairy stone crab
Lomis hirta Graham Milledge.jpeg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Infraorder: Anomura
Superfamily: Lomisoidea
Bouvier, 1895
Family: Lomisidae [Note 1]
Bouvier, 1895
Genus: Lomis
H. Milne Edwards, 1837
Species: L. hirta
Binomial name
Lomis hirta
(Lamarck, 1818)

The hairy stone crab (Lomis hirta) is a crab-like crustacean that lives in the littoral zone of southern Australia from Bunbury, Western Australia, to the Bass Strait.[2] It is the only species in its family. It is 1.5–2.5 cm (0.6–1.0 in) wide,[2] slow-moving, and covered in brown hair which camouflages it against the rocks upon which it lives.[3]

Some controversy exists about the relationship between L. hirta and the other anomuran families. Candidates for its closest relatives have included hermit crabs,[4] specifically king crabs,[5] and Aegla.[6][7] It is clear, however, that Lomis represents a separate case of carcinisation.[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The name "Lomidae" may also be encountered, but is incorrect.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Patsy A. McLaughlin; Tomoyuki Komai; Rafael Lemaitre; Dwi Listyo Rahayu (2010). Martyn E. Y. Low; S. H. Tan, eds. "Annotated checklist of anomuran decapod crustaceans of the world (exclusive of the Kiwaoidea and families Chirostylidae and Galatheidae of the Galatheoidea)" (PDF). Zootaxa. Suppl. 23: 5–107.  |chapter= ignored (help)
  2. ^ a b Keith Davey. "Species bank: Lomis hirta". Department of the Environment and Heritage. Retrieved August 15, 2006. 
  3. ^ "Hairy Stone Crab". Museum Victoria. 1996. 
  4. ^ Dixon, C. J., F. R. Schram & S. T. Ahyong (2004). "A new hypothesis of decapod phylogeny". Crustaceana. 76 (8): 935–975. doi:10.1163/156854003771997846. 
  5. ^ Martin, J. W.; L. G. Abele (1986). "Phylogenetic relationships of the genus Aegla (Decapoda: Anomura: Aeglidae), with comments on anomuran phylogeny". Journal of Crustacean Biology. The Crustacean Society. 6 (3): 576–616. JSTOR 1548195. doi:10.2307/1548195. 
  6. ^ Morrison, C. L., A. W. Harvey, S. Lavery, K. Tieu, Y. Huang & C. W. Cunningham (2001). "Mitochondrial gene rearrangements confirm the parallel evolution of the crab-like form" (PDF). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B. 269 (1489): 345–350. PMC 1690904Freely accessible. PMID 11886621. doi:10.1098/rspb.2001.1886. 
  7. ^ Porter, M. L., M. Pérez-Losada & K. A. Crandall (2005). "Model-based multi-locus estimation of decapod phylogeny and divergence times". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 37 (2): 355–369. PMID 16112880. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2005.06.021. 
  8. ^ Jonas Keiler; Stefan Richter; Christian S. Wirkner (2016). "Revealing their innermost secrets: an evolutionary perspective on the disparity of the organ systems in anomuran crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura)". Contributions to Zoology. 85 (4): 361–386.