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Hait (Tajik: Ҳоит), a region in Tajikistan, a strategic, land-locked mountainous country in Central Asia, is the site of one of the world's worst earthquakes last century.

Earthquake catastrophe[edit]

In 1949 one of the three largest earthquakes of the 20th century, struck Tajikistan at Hait. The Hait catastrophe belongs to the category of the largest earthquakes occurring last century.[1][2]

According to the Global Seismic Hazard Map (GSHAP 1999), the whole country is located in the high to very high risk zone with a history of catastrophic and deadly earthquakes. About 28,000 to 29,000 people are estimated to have died in the quake which destroyed 150 villages.[3]


The region where the quake took place encompasses where the Surkhob valley at an altitude of 1,200-2,100 metres and the Obikhingow valley to the south of it at 1,200 to 3,200 metres come close together in a seismic region. The Obikhingow valley lies between the ranges of Peter 1 and Parvaz.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Country Report:Tajikistan" (PDF). United Nations. 2003. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  2. ^ "Invest today for a safer tomorrow" (PDF). United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Relief. 2009-07. Retrieved 2010-02-02.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. ^ "Support of the National Disaster Response Capacity in Tajikistan". United Nations. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  4. ^ "In the land of Snow - Clad Peaks" (PDF). Ismaili net. Retrieved 2010-02-07.