Haiti–Venezuela relations

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Haiti-Venezuela relations
Map indicating locations of Haiti and Venezuela



Haiti-Venezuela relations are relations between Haiti and Venezuela. Venezuela has an embassy in Port-au-Prince, and Haiti has an embassy in Caracas. Haiti is a member of Petrocaribe, an agreement allowing Caribbean nations to buy Venezuelan oil on conditions of preferential payment.

Haiti is a "permanent observer" (since February 2012) of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas (ALBA), the regional group launched and led by Venezuela. At the February 2012 ALBA summit, "President Hugo Chávez and Haitian President Michel Martelly signed a framework agreement that aims to boost Venezuela’s role in Haitian agriculture, manufacturing and tourism, among other sectors."[1]


Venezuela broke off diplomatic relations with Haiti (along with a number of other Latin American countries) in 1963, applying Rómulo Betancourt's "Betancourt doctrine" of avoiding relationships with dictatorships due to the actions of Haitian President François Duvalier.[2]

Following the 1991 Haitian coup d'état, Venezuelan President Carlos Andrés Pérez sent an airplane for ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.[3]

Following the 2010 Haiti earthquake Venezuela made substantial contributions to the humanitarian response to the earthquake, pledging $1.3bn in aid in addition to cancelling $395m in PetroCaribe debt.[4][5][6] Projects included the construction of three power plants, which provided a fifth of Haiti's electricity in December 2011.[4] In December 2011 Haitian President Michel Martelly said that "The cooperation with Venezuela is the most important in Haiti right now in terms of impact, direct impact."[4]

See also[edit]