1987 Haitian general election

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The 1987 Haitian general election took place on 29 November 1987, with a second round planned on 29 December.[1] In these elections voters would have to elect the President, 77 deputies and 27 senators.


Among the candidates for President were:[1][2][3]

  • Marc Bazin (former Minister of Treasury) for the Mouvement Pour la l'Instauration de la Démocratie en Haïti (MIDH).
  • Gérard Gourgue for the Front National de Concertation (FNC).
  • Louis Déjoie Jr. for the National Agriculture and Industry Party (PAIN).
  • Sylvio Claude for the Haiti's Christian Democratic Party (PDCH).
  • Hubert de Ronceray for the Moubilisation pour le Developpement National (MDN).
  • Leslie Manigat for the Rally of Progressive National Democrats (RDNP).
  • Grégoire Eugene for the Social Christian Party of Haiti (PSCH).
  • René Théodore for the Unified Party of Haitian Communists (PUCH).
  • Francois Latortue for the Mouvement Democratique pour la Liberation d'Haiti (MODELH).
  • Gerard Philippe Auguste.
  • Rosny Desroche.

Two candidates were assassinated before the election: Louis Eugene Athis (Democratic Movement for the Liberation of Haiti) on 3 August, and Yves Volel (Christian Democratic Union) on 13 October.[4] On 2 November 1987, the National Electoral Council barred some presidential candidates because their support to the late Duvalier regime. Among the rejected candidates were Clovis Desinor (former Minister of Finance), Lieut. General Claude Raymond (former Chief of Staff) and other army officers and Cabinet ministers.[5] Other rejected candidates were Clemard Joseph Charles, Alphons Lahens, Hillaire Jean-Baptiste, Jean Julme, Edouard Francisque, Jean Theagene, Arthur Bonhomme, Herve Boyer and Franck Romain.


The election was canceled only three hours after polls opened, because troops led by Service d'Intelligence National member Lt. Col. Jean-Claude Paul massacred 30 - 300 voters on election day.[6] Jimmy Carter later wrote that "Citizens who lined up to vote were mowed down by fusillades of terrorists' bullets. Military leaders, who had either orchestrated or condoned the murders, moved in to cancel the election and retain control of the Government."[7]

The election was followed several months later by the Haitian general election, 1988, which was boycotted by almost all the previous candidates, and saw turnout of just 4%.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "La miserable herencia de Ios Duvalier". El País (in Spanish). 29 November 1987. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  2. ^ "Haiti presidential candidate profiles". 28 November 1987. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  3. ^ J. Ray Kennedy; Marta Maria Villaveces; Jeff Fischer (1991). "Republic of Haiti: IFES Election Project, July 1990-April 1991, Final Report". Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  4. ^ "Asesinado en Haití un candidato a la presidencia". El País. 14 October 1987. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  5. ^ "New Violence Erupts in Haiti As Election Council Bars". The New York Times. 4 November 1987. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  6. ^ Whitney, Kathleen Marie (1996), "Sin, Fraph, and the CIA: U.S. Covert Action in Haiti", Southwestern Journal of Law and Trade in the Americas, Vol. 3, Issue 2 (1996), pp. 303-332. p319
  7. ^ Jimmy Carter, Carter Center, 1 October 1990, Haiti's Election Needs Help
  8. ^ "Two months later, these generals conducted an election that was boycotted by almost all the previous candidates and in which fewer than 4 percent of the people voted; the victor was peremptorially removed when he dared to exert some independence as president." - Jimmy Carter, Carter Center, 1 October 1990, Haiti's Election Needs Help