Haitian general election, 1990–91

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General elections were held in Haiti between 16 December 1990 and 20 January 1991. The presidential election, held on 16 December, resulted in a victory for Jean-Bertrand Aristide of the National Front for Change and Democracy (FCND), whilst the FCND also won the parliamentary elections in which voter turnout was 50.8%.[1][2] It was widely reckoned as the first honest election held in Haiti since the country gained independence in 1804.

Aristide was sworn in on 7 February but was deposed in a coup eight months later.


For the elections, the United Nations General Assembly had established the United Nations Observer Group for the Verification of the Elections in Haiti (ONUVEH), which sent election monitors, as did the Organization of American States. These organisations helped ensure that the elections were free and fair.[3]



Candidate Party Votes %
Jean-Bertrand Aristide National Front for Change and Democracy 1,107,125 67.5
Marc Bazin National Alliance for Democracy and Progress 233,277 14.2
Louis Déjoie National Agricultural Industrial Party 80,057 4.9
Hubert de Ronceray Movement for National Development 54,871 3.3
Sylvio Claude Christian Democratic Party of Haiti 49,149 3.0
René Théodore Unified Party of Haitian Communists 30,064 1.8
Thomas Désulmé National Labour Party 27,362 1.7
Volvick Rémy Joseph National Cobite Movement 21,351 1.3
François Latortue Democratic Movement for the Liberation of Haiti 15,060 0.9
Richard Vladimir Jeanty Paradise Party 12,296 0.8
Fritz Simon Independent 10,117 0.6
Invalid/blank votes -
Total 1,640,729 100
Source: Nohlen

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
National Front for Change and Democracy 27
National Alliance for Democracy and Progress 17
Christian Democratic Party of Haiti 7
National Agricultural Industrial Party 6
Association of Nationalist and Progressive Democrats 6
Movement for National Development 5
National Cobite Movement 5
National Labour Party 3
Independents 5
Invalid/blank votes - -
Total 1,640,729 81
Source: Nohlen, IPU


Party Votes % Seats
National Front for Change and Democracy 13
National Alliance for Democracy and Progress 6
National Reconstruction Movement 2
National Agricultural Industrial Party 2
Christian Democratic Party of Haiti 1
National Labour Party 1
Rally of Progressive National Democratic 1
Independents 1
Invalid/blank votes - -
Total 1,640,729 27
Source: Nohlen, IPU

The elected members were:[citation needed]

  • Artibonite: Thomas Eddy Dupiton, Déjean Belizaire, Serge Joseph, Artibonite
  • Centre: Serge Gilles, Hérard Pauyo, Smith Metelus,
  • Grand-Anse: Robert Opont, Bernard Sansaricq, Yvon Ghislain
  • Nord: Rony Mondestin, Edrice Raymond, Raoul Remy
  • Nord-Est: Firmin Jean-Louis, Judnel Jean, Amos Andre
  • Nord-Ouest: Luc Fleurinord, Ebrané Cadet, Art L. Austin
  • Ouest: Jacques Clarck Parent, Turneb Delpe, Wesner Emmanuel
  • Sud: Julio Larosiliere, Franck Leonard, Frahner Jean-Baptiste
  • Sud-Est: Guy Bauduy, Jean-Robert Martinez, Alberto Joseph


  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, pp390-392 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ Haiti: Elections held in 1990 Inter-Parliamentary Union
  3. ^ Collins, E & Cole, TM (1996) "Regime Legitimation in Instances of Coup-Caused Governments-in-Exile: The Cases of Presidents Makarios and Aristide" Journal of International Law & Practice 5(2), p218