Haitian presidential election, 2015
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|Politics of Haiti|
Presidential elections were held in Haiti on 25 October 2015, alongside local elections and the second round of the legislative elections. Incumbent President Michel Martelly was constitutionally barred from running. As no candidate received a majority of the vote in the first round, a runoff was to be held on 27 December 2015. Voter turnout was reportedly 28.8%. On 22 December the Conseil Electoral Provisoire announced that the runoff has been postponed indefinitely. However, on 1 January 2016 President Michel Martelly announced that the runoff would be held on 17 January, but on 7 January the President changed the date to 24 January. On 20 January, Jude Célestin issued a statement that calls "whatever the person who will participate in this January 24 [runoff], is a traitor to the Nation". Because of rioting and electoral violence, on 22 January the CEP decided to postpone the second round again, with no specific date given, even after President Michel Martelly confirmed the previous day in a nationwide speech that the election should still take place. The run-off date was later agreed to take place on 24 April 2016. However, according to Reuters and several  other sources, the runoff is postponed again with an indeterminate date most likely after October 2016. United Nations Secretary-General has expressed deep concern that the agreed upon date for holding elections in Haiti was not met and that no alternate electoral calendar was announced.
On 5 April 2016, the Electoral Committee announced that a whole new presidential election should take place on 9 October, alongside with the second round of the parliamentary elections that has been suspended and the first round for a third of the Senate.
Seventy candidates were initially in the race, including 64 men and six women. Two candidates are running as independents, Mario Andresol and Diony Monestime. As of 28 May 2015, 41 challenges had been filed against 23 of the 70 candidates, including Andresol and former Prime Minister Laurent Lamothe. The Departmental Bureau of Electoral Disputes heard those disputes, and will decide whether those individuals will be excluded from the presidential race.
The final list of 58 candidates was published on 12 June, but in the following days two candidates were removed; Jacky Lumarque (Verité) and Level Francois (Parti de la Diaspora Haitienne pour Haiti), making a new total of 56 candidates.
According to preliminary results posted by the Provisional Electoral Council, Jovenel Moïse obtained 32.81% of the preferences, and Jude Célestin won 25.27%.
After the preliminary results were published on 25 October 2015, Jude Célestin said he did not recognize them. His criticism was joined by five other presidential candidates. They issued a joint statement denouncing the results as “anti-democratic” and called for the people’s vote to be respected. The supporters of Célestin protested in the streets, together with the supporters of Jean-Charles Moïse’s Platfom Pitit Desalin and supporters of former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide’s Fanmi Lavalas party the presidential candidate of which, Maryse Narcisse, finished fourth behind Jean-Charles Moïse and also denounced the results during a news conference. The protesters threw rocks and burned tires. The police responded with tear gas and made some arrests. The police also stopped and searched the vehicle of a former top government prosecutor, Claudy Gassant, who is a supporter of Moïse.
|Jovenel Moïse||Haitian Tèt Kale Party||508,761||32.81|
|Jude Célestin||Ligue Alternative pour le Progrès et L'Émancipation Haïtienne||392,782||25.27|
|Jean-Charles Moïse||Platfom Pitit Desalin||222,109||14.27|
|Maryse Narcisse||Fanmi Lavalas||108,844||7.05|
|Eric Jean Baptiste||Mouvement Action Socialiste||56,427||3.63|
|Jean Henry Céant||Renmen Ayiti||38,898||2.50|
|Sauveur Pierre Étienne||Struggling People's Organization||30,144||1.94|
|Irvenson Steven Benoit||Konviksyon||17,796||1.14|
|Steeve Khawly||Réseau Bouclier National||16,752||1.08|
|Samuel Madistin||Mouvement Patriotique Populaire Dessalinien||13,640||0.88|
|Maxo Joseph||Rassemblement des Nationaux Democrates Volontaires pour l'Unité Salvatrice||8,914||0.57|
|Jean Clarens Renois||Union Nationale pour l'Integrité et la Reconciliation||8,819||0.57|
|Chavannes Jean Baptiste||Konbit Travaye Peyizan pou Libere Haiti||7,412||0.48|
|Beauzile Edmone Supplice||Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats||5,876||0.38|
|Amos André||Front Uni Pour la Renaissance d'Haiti||4,888||0.31|
|Aviol Fleurant||Nouvelle Haiti||4,886||0.31|
|Jean Bony Alexandre||Concorde Nationale||4,493||0.29|
|Daniel Dupiton||Cohésion Nationale des Partis Politiques Haitiens||3,739||0.24|
|Renold Jean Claude Bazin||Christian Movement for a New Haiti||3,570||0.23|
|Michel Fred Brutus||Parti Federaliste||3,177||0.20|
|Joseph G. Varnel Durandisse||Retabli Ayiti||2,809||0.18|
|Charles Henri Baker||Respect||2,780||0.18|
|Marie Antoinette Gautier||Plan d'Action Citoyenne||2,769||0.18|
|Yves Daniel||Pati Kreyol Nouye||2,715||0.17|
|Jephthé Lucien||Parti Socialiste Unifie Haitien||2,544||0.16|
|Simon Dieuseul Desras||Plateforme Politique Palmis||2,459||0.16|
|Westner Polycarpe||Mouvman Revolisyone Ayisyen||2,316||0.15|
|Jean Hervé Charles||Parti pour l'Evolution Nationale Haitienne||2,148||0.14|
|Jean Paleme Mathurin||Plateforme Politique G18||2,142||0.14|
|Jacques Sampeur||Konbit Liberasyon Ekonomik||2,111||0.14|
|Mathias Pierre||Konsyans Patriyotik||1,939||0.12|
|Joseph Harry Bretous||Konbit pou Ayiti||1,902||0.12|
|Dalvius Gerard||Parti Alternative pour le Développement d'Haiti||1,717||0.11|
|Michelet Nestor||Coalition pour la Convention de la Reconstruction de la Réconciliation des Citoyens Haitiens||1,711||0.11|
|Fresnel Larosliere||Mouvement pour l'Instauration de la Démocratie en Haiti||1,698||0.11|
|Newton Louis St Juste||Fwon Revolisyone pou Entegrasyon Mas Yo||1,677||0.11|
|Jean Wiener Theagene||Parti pour la Rénovation d'Haiti||1,543||0.10|
|Michel André||Plateforme Jistis||1,270||0.08|
|Rene Julien||Action Democratique pour Batir Haiti||1,245||0.08|
|Vilaire Cluny Duroseau||Mouveman pou Endepandans Kiltirel Sosyal Ekonomik ak Politik an Ayiti||1,205||0.08|
|Jean Ronald Cornely||Rassemblement des Patriotes Haitiens||1,159||0.07|
|Jean Bertin||Mouvement d'Union Republicaine||1,131||0.07|
|Marc-Arthur Drouillard||Parti Unité Nationale||929||0.06|
|Roland Magloire||Parti Démocrate Institutionnaliste||916||0.06|
|Emmanuel Joseph Georges Brunet||Plateforme Politique Entrenou||882||0.06|
|Jean Poncy||Régénération Economique et Sociale dans l'Unité et la Liberté Totale d'Action pour Tous||858||0.06|
|Nelson Flecourt||Olahh Baton Jenes La||757||0.05|
|Joe Marie Judie Roy||Regroupement Patriotique pour le Renouveau National||678||0.04|
|Luckner Desir||Mobilisation pour le Progrès d'Haiti||591||0.04|
|Source: CEP Haiti|
Amid declarations of fraud and numerous delays of an elected government, the Provisional President Jocelerme Privet created a verification commission in May 2016 to audit the results of the August 2015 legislative elections and first round of the presidential elections. On 30 May 2016 the commission, headed by Pierre François Benoît, issued a report recommending the election be redone citing findings of significant fraud.
While Haiti-based organizations found innumerable counts of fraud and proof of unfair elections on October 25, international observers endorsed the results before the interim government's report had been released. According to the U.S. Deputy Spokesman, for example, "The United States regrets the decision by the Provisional Electoral Council to restart the presidential elections from the first round. This will increase time and resources needed to complete the 2015 electoral process and further delay installation of a constitutionally elected president.... The United States regrets that the electoral process has extended yet again, with the president-elect unlikely to be installed before February 7th, 2017." The National Human Rights Defense Network published one of several reports criticizing the happenings on election day, using Haitian observations to bolster claims apparently unseen by many international players.
American officials discouraged rerunning the elections after spending $33 million on funding them. In an April 2016 visit to Haiti, Special Coordinator Kenneth H. Merten said that he hoped the verification process would be "very, very fast" and that it would not change the election results. Secretary of State John Kerry also emphasized the need to accept an elected government, citing the lack of international community patience with further delay. The U.S. Government responded to this report by announcing its refusal to provide funding to complete the Haitian elections. This development may prohibit international observers, often funded by the U.S., from observing the next electoral sessions. While the OAS received $1 million in U.S. funding for the October 25 election, the organization plans to continue observation, following a list of demanded changes to the Haitian electoral process.
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