Haizhu District

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Haizhu
海珠区
District
The Gate of Sun Yat-Sen University
  Haizhu in Guangzhou
  Haizhu in Guangzhou
Country China
Region Guangzhou
Area
 • Total 90.4 km2 (34.9 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 890,512
 • Density 9,900/km2 (26,000/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 510220
Area code(s) 020
Website http://www.haizhu.gov.cn/
Haizhu District
Simplified Chinese 海珠区
Traditional Chinese 海珠區
Canton Romanization hoi2 ju1 kêu1
Hanyu Pinyin Hǎizhū Qū
Alternative Chinese name
Chinese 海珠
Canton Romanization hoi2 ju1
Hanyu Pinyin Hǎizhū
Second alternative Chinese name
Chinese 河南
Canton Romanization ho4 nam4
Hanyu Pinyin Hénán

Haizhu District (Chinese: 海珠, meaning "sea pearl") is one of the ten districts in Guangzhou, capital of Guangdong province, People's Republic of China.

History[edit]

Haizhu District was the largest in area along with Liwan District, Yuexiu District and Dongshan District, and the least dense of the four old districts in Guangzhou before the city expanded its size to include districts such as Tianhe to the east and Baiyun to the north. Then, it was also the only island district south of the Zhujiang River,[1] thus the natives of Guangzhou often referred to it (and still do) as Henan/Honam/Ho Nam/Hoh Naahm (河南, meaning "south of the river"), even though Henan is also the name of a province in China where its name is derived from its location south of the Yellow River.

From 1856 to 1859, trading companies associated with foreign traders under the Canton System temporarily relocated to the district after the Thirteen Factories site was destroyed in a fire.

Today, it is no longer the largest district in area nor it is the southernmost district, however, it has some of the most expensive real estate in Guangzhou.[citation needed] This is due to its proximity to the central city, and unlike the dense Liwan and Yuexiu Districts (Dongshan District has merged with Yuexiu in 2005 and it is now part of Yuexiu District) which have been relatively built-up, Haizhu has not. Its riverfront has some of the tallest (and expensive) residential buildings in the city which rival those in Tianhe District, another fast-growing district just east of Yuexiu, although Tianhe has the tallest office buildings in the whole city.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Canton Romanization Population (2010)[2]
Haichuang Subdistrict 海幢街道 Hǎichuáng Jiēdào hoi2 cong4 gai1 dou6 62,884
Chigang Subdistrict 赤岗街道 Chìgǎng Jiēdào cég3 gong1 gai1 dou6 114,978
Xingang Subdistrict 新港街道 Xīngǎng Jiēdào sen1 gong2 gai1 dou6 111,897
Binjiang Subdistrict 滨江街道 Bīnjiāng Jiēdào ben1 gong1 gai1 dou6 72,324
Sushe Subdistrict 素社街道 Sùshè Jiēdào sou3 se5 gai1 dou6 67,103
Nanhuaxi Subdistrict 南华西街道 Nánhuáxī Jiēdào nam4 wa4 sei1 gai1 dou6 37,960
Longfeng Subdistrict 龙凤街道 Lóngfèng Jiēdào lung4 fung6 gai1 dou6 102,561
Shayuan Subdistrict 沙园街道 Shāyuán Jiēdào sa1 yun4 gai1 dou6 67,322
Ruibao Subdistrict 瑞宝街道 Ruìbǎo Jiēdào sêu 6bou2 gai1 dou6 125,399
Jianghai Subdistrict 江海街道 Jiānghǎi Jiēdào gong1 hoi2 gai1 dou6 115,157
Fengyang Subdistrict 凤阳街道 Fèngyáng Jiēdào fung6 yêng4 gai1 dou6 162,641
Nanshitou Subdistrict 南石头街道 Nánshítou Jiēdào nam4 ség6 teo4 gai1 dou6 123,043
Huazhou Subdistrict 华洲街道 Huázhōu Jiēdào wa4 zeo1 gai1 dou6 49,742
Changgang Subdistrict 昌岗街道 Chānggǎng Jiēdào cêng1 gong1 gai1 dou6 97,986
Nanzhou Subdistrict 南洲街道 Nánzhōu Jiēdào nam4 zeo1 gai1 dou6 84,726
Pazhou Subdistrict 琶洲街道 Pázhōu Jiēdào pa4 zeo1 gai1 dou6 29,851
Guanzhou Subdistrict 官洲街道 Guānzhōu Jiēdào gun1 zeo1 gai1 dou6 57,869
Jiangnanzhong Subdistrict 江南中街道 Jiāngnánzhōng Jiēdào gong1 nam4 zung1 gai1 dou6 75,220

Economy[edit]

7 Days Inn has its corporate headquarters in the Creative Industry Zone (S: 创意园, T: 創意園, P: Chuàngyìyuán) in Haizhu.[3][4]

Education[edit]

The main campus of Sun Yat-Sen University is located in Haizhu, as well as the Guangzhou Fine Arts Academy. Right across the street from the Sun Yat-Sen University is the South Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. And the Guangzhou No.6 High School is one of the best in the city.

Transportation[edit]

Guangzhou's Metro Line 8's eastern end is in Haizhu. Metro Lines 3 runs from north to south through the District, while line 5, currently under construction, will also have stations in it. Another metro line, the Guangfo Line, is currently under construction and will connect Guangzhou and Foshan, a city just west of Guangzhou. When built, it will be the only metro line connecting two cities in China.

Metro[edit]

Haizhu is currently serviced by five metro lines operated by Guangzhou Metro:


Arts[edit]

The artists cooperative Park19 has facilities on Haizhu.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haizhu District
  2. ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2. 
  3. ^ "Company Profile." 7 Days Inn. Retrieved on October 24, 2012. "5C-11 Creative Industry Zone, 397 XinGangZhong Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510310, People’s Republic of China"
  4. ^ "about_building.html." (Select the "联系方式" tab) 7 Days Inn. Retrieved on October 24, 2012. "【总部】广州市海珠区新港中路397号TIT创意园5C大道11号"

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°05′34″N 113°21′18″E / 23.092681°N 113.354874°E / 23.092681; 113.354874