Hajj Sayyah

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hajj Sayyah in Paris

Mirza Mohammad Ali (Persian: میرزا محمد علی), better known as Hajj Sayyah (Persian: حاج سياح) (meaning "the traveler") (1836–1925), was a famous Iranian American world traveler and political activist. He is the first Iranian to gain American citizenship. According to the decree issued by the District Court of the 12th Judicial District of the State of California, became a naturalized U.S. citizen on May 26, 1875.

Early life[edit]

Hajj Sayyah was born in 1836 in the town of Mahallat in Iran.[1] His studies exposed him at a young age to modern and democratic ideas that were at the time spreading throughout parts of the world. The stark difference he observed between the treatment suffered by most Persia under their autocratic rulers and the ideas he studied inspired him to see the rest of the world.


At the age of 23, Hajj Sayyah embarked on a remarkable journey around the globe that would last for nearly 18 years. He began his travels by wandering throughout Central Asia and Europe for more than six years. Often he traveled alone and in poverty.[2]

The motivation for Hajj Sayyah’s travels was his thirst for knowledge and spiritual strength. He wanted to learn as much as he could about the world and how other people lived, in order to bring those ideas back to Persia. As a result of his observations throughout his travels, he concluded that human beings are supposed to live in reasonably humane societies and enjoy basic human rights.

Hajj Sayyah came to the United States through New York City. During his ten-year stay in the U.S., he met with many prominent personalities such as President Ulysses Grant on more than one occasion. His travels across the United States eventually took him to San Francisco where he spent several months.

In the course of studying Hajj Sayyahʼs life, Dr. Ali Ferdowsi recently discovered through State Department documents that Hajj Sayyah had become an American citizen on May 26, 1875, making him the first Iranian to become a U.S. citizen.[3]

Political activist[edit]

Upon returning to Persia in July 1877, Hajj Sayyah became politically active and was imprisoned for having instigated a clandestine letter writing campaign to the monarch and clergy regarding the unbearable living conditions in Persia. After his release, fearing further persecution he sought the protection of the United States Legation in Tehran. This move puzzled many Persians who didn’t know why he felt the United States government would protect him.

Hajj Sayyah went on to play a major role in the Constitutional Revolution of 1906 in Persia, and remained active until his death in 1925 at the age of 89.[4]


  1. ^ Mehrbanoo Nasser Deyhim in: An Iranian in Nineteenth Century Europe, The Travel Diaries of Hâj Sayyâh 1859-1877. Translated by Mehrbanoo Nasser Deyhim, Foreword by Peter Avery. Bethesda Maryland, IBEX Publishers 1998. p.15.
  2. ^ An Iranian in Nineteenth Century Europe, The Travel Diaries of Hâj Sayyâh 1859-1877. Bethesda Maryland, IBEX Publishers 1998.
  3. ^ http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/hajj-sayyah, Retrieved 2013-11-06.
  4. ^ Mehrbanoo Nasser Deyhim in: An Iranian in Nineteenth Century Europe, p.17.