Şükür playing for Galatasaray in 2006
1 September 1971 |
|Occupation||Footballer (retired), politician|
|Height||1.91 m (6 ft 3 in)|
|Spouse(s)||Beyda Şükür (neé Sertbaş (m. 1999)
Esra Elbirlik (m. 1995)
|Awards||State Medal of Distinguished Service (2002)|
Association football career
Hakan Şükür (born 1 September 1971), known by his nickname Kral –literally meaning The King–, or Bull of Bosphorus is a Turkish retired footballer who played as a striker and current politician. Being one of the most decorated Turkish footballers, he spent the majority of his professional career with Galatasaray, being a three-time Gol Kralı (Goal King, title and award given to the annual top goalscorer of the Süper Lig), representing the club in three different spells and winning a total of 14 major titles.
Şükür represented Turkey a total of 112 times, scoring 51 goals, making him the nation's top goalscorer and 19th in the world. One of the most prolific strikers of the modern era, he netted 383 goals throughout his club career, as well as the fastest ever in a World Cup in 2002. He retired from football in 2008, only scoring once in single digits for his main team in 13 seasons; nicknamed the "Bull of the Bosphorus", he was renowned for his heading ability.
In the 2011 general elections, he was elected as an Istanbul MP for the Justice and Development Party. He resigned from the party in December 2013, continuing to serve as an independent. As of 2015, he is an independent national deputy, introduced as businessman and football pundit at TBMM official website.
Born in Adapazarı, Sakarya Province, Şükür began his football career with local club Sakaryaspor, making his professional debut shortly after his 17th birthday. His first goal came in a match against Eskişehirspor on 26 February 1989: with the match tied 2–2, he entered the pitch as a substitute and scored the winning goal; he went on to score a further 18 Süper Lig goals in his three-year spell with the club.
In the summer of 1990, Şükür joined fellow first division outfit Bursaspor. He scored six goals in 27 games in his second season, helping the team to a sixth-place finish, and making his Turkish national team debut shortly after.
Subsequently, Şükür signed for national giants Galatasaray SK. Nicknamed the Bull of the Bosphorus, he scored 19 goals in 30 matches in his first year with the club, helping it lift both the league and cup titles, adding 16 and 19, respectively, in the next two seasons, and attracting the attention of Torino FC. In 1995 he moved to the Italian club, becoming the second Turkish player to ever play in the Serie A, but returned to his country and Galatasaray in the following winter transfer window, failing to settle and only netting once in the league.
Upon his return to Galatasaray, Şükür regained his scoring form, scoring 16 goals in the league and helping the club win the cup. The following season, he collected 38 goals in the league, tying him for second-most goals scored in a season with Metin Oktay, one goal behind record holder Tanju Çolak; both players were playing for Galatasaray when they broke the record. Şükür also finished third in the ESM Golden Boot rankings with 57 points, behind Mário Jardel (60) and Ronaldo (68). He won the Gol Kralı award the following two seasons, netting 33 and 18 goals respectively, with the Istanbul side winning the title in all three seasons.
In the 1999–2000 season, Şükür's last with Galatasaray in his second stint, the team completed a domestic double for the second year in succession, and added the year's UEFA Cup, becoming the first Turkish side to win a European title; in the 4–1 penalty shootout win against Arsenal he scored on his attempt, having netted 10 times in 17 games during the campaign.
Subsequently, Şükür moved to Italy once again, this time to Inter Milan, scoring six goals in 35 official games. His appearances were limited by the presence of Ronaldo and Christian Vieri in the team's attack. In January 2002, after one-and-a-half seasons, he signed with another team in the country, Parma FC, but was unable to produce again, only scoring three goals. Having been released, on 9 December he joined Blackburn Rovers in the Premier League for the remainder of the season, signed by former Galatasaray manager Graeme Souness. His career at Blackburn began with a broken leg in training, ruling him out for two months. He made his debut for the club on 1 March 2003, replacing the injured Egil Østenstad at half time in a 1–0 win over Manchester City at Ewood Park. He netted twice in nine appearances, both goals coming in a 4–0 win against Fulham at Craven Cottage on 7 April.
Şükür returned to Galatasaray on 7 July 2003, after failing to negotiate a new contract with Blackburn. He scored 12 times in 28 league games in his first season, and 18 in the following, with the team winning the 2005 Turkish cup during that timeframe. Also, on 3 December 2003, he found the net twice in a 2–0 home defeat of Juventus F.C. for the 2003–04 UEFA Champions League. In November 2003, to celebrate UEFA's Jubilee, he was selected as Turkey's Golden Player by the Turkish Football Federation, as their most outstanding player of the past 50 years.
In the 2005–06 season, Şükür again scored in double digits (ten) as Galatasaray again won the league. After helping the club win a record-tying seventeenth first division title in 2007–08, netting 11 goals, he decided to retire from the game, aged nearly 37. Subsequently, he often appeared as a television pundit on TRT. During his career, he scored 38 goals in all European competitions.
Şükür won his first cap for Turkey in a friendly with Luxembourg in March 1992 – his debut being awarded by German manager Sepp Piontek – scoring his first international goal in his next match, against Denmark, and totalling six in his first 11 appearances. He netted seven in qualification for UEFA Euro 1996 and started all of Turkey's matches at the finals in England, in which they were eliminated in the group stage without scoring a single goal. Şükür scored eight times in qualification for the 1998 World Cup – half of those in a 6–4 home win over Wales on 20 August 1997 – but Turkey did not reach the play-offs.
At Euro 2000, Şükür netted twice for the quarterfinalists, in a 2–0 group stage win against co-hosts Belgium. Two years later at the World Cup, held in South Korea and Japan, he scored once for Turkey in seven matches as the national team finished in third place: on 29 June, Şükür scored the fastest ever goal in a FIFA World Cup, netting against South Korea in 10.8 seconds of the third-place play-off (3–2 win).
Of his 112 senior appearances, he captained Turkey in 30; after appearing in some Euro 2008 qualifiers, notably scoring four against Moldova in a 5–0 win in Frankfurt, Germany, he was not selected for the finals in Switzerland and Austria, his final game being a 0–1 home loss against Greece, at the age of 36 (17 October 2007).
- Turkish Cup: 1987–88
- Chancellor Cup: 1992
- UEFA Cup: 1999–2000
- Süper Lig: 1992–93, 1993–94, 1996–97, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2005–06, 2007–08
- Turkish Cup: 1992–93, 1995–96, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2004–05
- President Cup: 1993, 1996, 1997
- Chancellor Cup: 1995
- TSYD Cup: 1993, 1998, 1999, 2000
- Süper Lig: Top Scorer 1996–97, 1997–98, 1998–99
- IFFHS: World‘s Best Top Division Goal Scorer 1997
- UEFA Jubilee Awards: Turkey's Golden Player 2004
- Top Scorer of Turkish League of all Times: 249 goals
- Top Scoring Turkish Player in Champions League: 13 goals
European Cup goals
|1.||16 September 1992||1||Katowice||2–1||UEFA Cup|
|2.||25 November 1992||1||Roma||1–3||UEFA Cup|
|3.||10 August 1994||1||Avenir Beggen||5–1||Champions League|
|4.||17 August 1994||3||Avenir Beggen||4–0||Champions League|
|7.||23 November 1994||1||Barcelona||2–1||Champions League|
|8.||26 September 1996||2||Tiraspol||4–0||Cup Winners Cup|
|10.||17 October 1996||2||Paris Saint-Germain||4–2||Cup Winners Cup|
|12.||19 August 1998||1||Grasshopper||2–1||Champions League|
|13.||26 August 1998||2||Grasshopper||3–2||Champions League|
|15.||30 September 1998||1||Juventus||2–2||Champions League|
|16.||4 November 1998||2||Rosenborg||3–0||Champions League|
|18.||15 September 1999||1||Hertha BSC||2–2||Champions League|
|19.||26 October 1999||2||Hertha BSC||4–1||Champions League|
|21.||3 November 1999||1||Milan||3–2||Champions League|
|22.||23 November 1999||1||Bologna||1–1||UEFA Cup|
|23.||2 March 2000||1||Borussia Dortmund||2–0||UEFA Cup|
|24.||16 March 2000||1||Mallorca||4–1||UEFA Cup|
|25.||23 March 2000||1||Mallorca||2–1||UEFA Cup|
|26.||4 April 2000||1||Leeds United||2–0||UEFA Cup|
|27.||20 April 2000||1||Leeds United||2–2||UEFA Cup|
|28.||7 December 2000||1||Hertha BSC||2–1||UEFA Cup|
|29.||21 August 2003||1||CSKA Sofia||3–0||Champions League|
|30.||17 September 2003||1||Juventus||1–2||Champions League|
|31.||30 September 2003||1||Real Sociedad||1–2||Champions League|
|32.||2 December 2003||2||Juventus||2–0||Champions League|
|34.||10 December 2003||1||Real Sociedad||1–1||Champions League|
|35.||29 September 2005||1||Tromsø||1–1||UEFA Cup|
|36.||9 August 2006||1||Mladá Boleslav||5–2||Champions League|
|37.||30 August 2007||1||Slaven Belupo||2–1||UEFA Cup|
|38.||29 November 2007||1||Panionios||3–0||UEFA Cup|
His first wife, Esra Elbirlik, married him in a ceremony broadcast live on television, initiated by Prime Minister Tansu Çiller and performed by then Mayor of Istanbul Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. They divorced after four months, and she and her family died in the 1999 İzmit earthquake. He has three children with his second wife, Beyda.
On 18 June 2011, Şükür was elected as an Member of Parliament to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey in the 2011 general elections, from the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP), representing the 2nd electoral district of Istanbul Province.
On 16 December 2013, Şükür, known for his links to the Islamic Gülen movement of the Turkish cleric Fethullah Gülen, resigned from his position in protest after the interdiction of the group's "dershane" system and decided to continue working as an independent MP.
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- "Kral'ın vasiyeti". Hürriyet (in Turkish). 12 November 1998. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- Çakır, Ahmet (24 March 2015). "Hakan Şükür'e FIFA'dan kral ödül". Zaman (in Turkish). Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- Çakır, Ahmet. "Hakan Şükür’e çağrı: O kitabı yayınlayalım". Zaman (in Turkish). Retrieved 28 March 2015.
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- "Hakan Sukur Biography". FootballTeamPlayers. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- "Bull on the horns of a dilemma". BBC. 25 June 2002. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Ligin Gol Kralları" [League top scorers] (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- Serkan Demirtaş (12 October 2005). "Kosovalılara üç nasihat" (in Turkish). Radikal. Retrieved 25 March 2010.
- "Erdoğan'dan Hakan Şükür açıklaması" (in Turkish). NTV. 23 February 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
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- "Meet Hakan Sukur". The Guardian. 4 December 2002. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- "Hakan Sukur". BBC Sport. 9 April 2002. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
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- "Hakan Şükür İstanbul Milletvekili". TBMM (in Turkish). Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- "Hakan Şükür" (in Turkish). Galatasaray's official website. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- "1991–1992 Sezonu" [Season 1991–1992] (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- "Golden Boot ("Soulier d'Or") Awards". RSSSF. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- Bos, Jurrie; Yelkenci, Sener (5 June 2014). "Turkey - Topscorers". RSSSF. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
- "Ligler » Spor Toto Süper Lig » Spor Toto Süper Lig Gol Krallıkları" (in Turkish). tff.org. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
- "Blackburn sign Sukur". BBC Sport. 4 December 2002. Retrieved 15 July 2010.
- "Sukur rejoins Galatasaray". BBC Sport. 7 July 2003. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- "Blackburn edge out Man City". BBC Sport. 1 March 2003. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- "Blackburn overpower Fulham". BBC Sport. 7 April 2003. Retrieved 20 October 2009.
- "Sukur double sinks Juventus". BBC Sport. 3 December 2003. Retrieved 15 July 2010.
- "Golden Players take centre stage". UEFA.com. 29 November 2003. Retrieved 16 March 2009.[dead link]
- "Goal feast in Turkey-Wales thriller". Hurriyet. 22 August 1997. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
- "Belgium v Turkey clockwatch". BBC Sport. 19 June 2000. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
- "Round-up of Euro 2008 qualifiers". BBC Sport. 11 October 2006. Retrieved 15 July 2010.
- "The World‘s best Top Division Goal Scorer 1997". IFFHS. 1998. Retrieved 15 October 2010.
- Includes Atatürk Cup, Chancellor Cup, President Cup, TSYD Cup, Turkish Cup and Turkish Super Cup
- "Hakan Şükür: Ben Türk değilim" (in Turkish). Fanatik. 22 February 2013. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
- May, John (26 June 2002). "Bull on the horns of a dilemma". BBC Sport. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- Alkaltan, Belgin (21 December 2013). "The first wife of Hakan Şükür". Hurriyet. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- Hakan Sukur becomes MP for Istanbul; Goal.com, 18 June 2011
- "Hakan Şükür'den 'dershane' istifası" (in Turkish). Turkiye Gazetesi. 17 December 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hakan Şükür.|
- Biography at Galatasaray (Turkish)
- Turkish Football Federation profile (Turkish)
- Hakan Şükür career statistics at Soccerbase
- Hakan Şükür at National-Football-Teams.com
- Hakan Şükür – FIFA competition record
- Hakan Şükür at the Internet Movie Database
|Fastest World Cup Goalscorer
29 June 2002–present