Hakan Şükür

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hakan Şükür
Hakan.jpg
Şükür playing for Galatasaray in 2006
Member of the Grand National Assembly
In office
12 June 2011 – 23 June 2015
Constituencyİstanbul (III)
Personal details
Born (1971-09-01) 1 September 1971 (age 48)
Sapanca, Turkey
Political partyJustice and Development Party (2011–2013)
Spouse(s)
Esra Elbirlik
(m. 1995; div. 1995)

Beyda Şükür (née Sertbaş) (m. 1999)
Children3
AwardsState Medal of Distinguished Service (2002)[1]
Websitewww.hakansukur.com.tr

Association football career
Height 191 cm (6 ft 3 in)
Playing position Striker
Youth career
Sakaryaspor
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1987–1990 Sakaryaspor 41 (19)
1990–1992 Bursaspor 54 (11)
1992–1995 Galatasaray 90 (54)
1995 Torino 5 (1)
1995–2000 Galatasaray 156 (108)
2000–2002 Inter Milan 24 (5)
2002 Parma 15 (3)
2002–2003 Blackburn Rovers 9 (2)
2003–2008 Galatasaray 146 (55)
Total 540 (260)
National team
1987–1988 Turkey U16 6 (2)
1988–1990 Turkey U18 13 (1)
1990–1993 Turkey U21 16 (5)
1992–2007 Turkey 112 (51)
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only

Hakan Şükür (born 1 September 1971) is a Turkish former professional footballer who played as a striker. Nicknamed the "Bull of the Bosphorus" and Kral (king),[2][3][4][5] he spent the majority of his professional career with Galatasaray, being a three-time Gol Kralı (Goal King, title and award given to the annual top goalscorer of the Süper Lig),[6] representing the club in three different spells and winning a total of 14 major titles.[7][8][9]

Şükür represented Turkey a total of 112 times, scoring 51 goals, making him the nation's top goalscorer[10][11] and 19th in the world at the time of his retirement. One of the most prolific strikers of the modern era, he netted 383 goals throughout his club career as well as the fastest ever in a World Cup, in 2002.[12] He retired from football in 2008, only scoring once in single digits for his main team in 13 seasons; he was renowned for his heading ability.[13]

In the 2011 general elections, he was elected as an Istanbul MP for the Justice and Development Party. He resigned from the party in December 2013, to serve as an independent.[14] He is wanted for arrest in Turkey since August 2016 for being a member of Gülen movement, and lives in exile in the United States since mid 2016.[15]

Club career[edit]

Born in Sapanca, Sakarya Province, Şükür began his football career with local club Sakaryaspor, making his professional debut shortly after his 17th birthday. His first goal came in a match against Eskişehirspor on 26 February 1989: with the match tied 2–2, he entered the pitch as a substitute and scored the winning goal;[16] he went on to score a further 18 Süper Lig goals in his three-year spell with the club.

In the summer of 1990, Şükür joined fellow first division side Bursaspor. He scored six goals in 27 games in his second season, helping the team to a sixth-place finish,[17] and making his Turkish national team debut shortly after.

Subsequently, Şükür signed for national giants Galatasaray SK.[16] Nicknamed the Bull of the Bosphorus,[18] he scored 19 goals in 30 matches in his first year with the club, helping it win both the league and cup titles, adding 16 and 19, respectively, in the next two seasons and attracting the attention of Torino FC. In 1995 he moved to the Italian club, becoming the second Turkish player to ever play in the Serie A, but returned to his country and Galatasaray in the following winter transfer window, failing to settle and only netting once in the league.

Upon his return to Galatasaray, Şükür regained his scoring form, scoring 16 goals in the league and helping the club win the cup. The following season, he collected 38 goals in the league, tying him for second-most goals scored in a season with Metin Oktay, one goal behind record holder Tanju Çolak; both players were playing for Galatasaray when they broke the record.[16] Şükür also finished third in the ESM Golden Boot rankings with 57 points, behind Mário Jardel (60) and Ronaldo (68).[19] He won the Gol Kralı award the following two seasons, netting 33 and 18 goals respectively, with the Istanbul side winning the title in all three seasons.[6][20]

In the 1999–2000 season, Şükür's last with Galatasaray in his second stint, the team completed a domestic double for the second year in succession, and added the year's UEFA Cup, becoming the first Turkish side to win a European title; in the 4–1 penalty shootout win against Arsenal he scored on his attempt, having netted ten times in 17 games during the campaign.[21]

Şükür in 2008

Şükür then moved to Italy again, this time to Inter Milan, scoring six goals in 35 official matches. His appearances were limited by the presence of Ronaldo and Christian Vieri in the team's attack[22] and January 2002, after one and a half seasons, he signed with another team in the country, Parma FC, but was unable to produce again, only finding the net three times. Having been released, on 9 December he joined Blackburn Rovers in the Premier League for the remainder of the campaign, signed by former Galatasaray manager Graeme Souness.[22] His spell began with him sustaining a broken leg in training which ruled him out for two months,[23] after which made his debut for the club on 1 March 2003, replacing the injured Egil Østenstad at half time in a 1–0 home win over Manchester City;[24] he scored twice from nine appearances, both goals coming in a 4–0 defeat of Fulham at Loftus Road on 7 April.[25]

Şükür returned to Galatasaray on 7 July 2003, after failing to negotiate a new contract with Blackburn.[23] He scored 12 times in 28 league games in his first season and 18 in the following, with the team winning the 2005 Turkish cup during that timeframe. Also, on 3 December 2003, he found the net twice in a 2–0 home defeat of Juventus F.C. for the 2003–04 UEFA Champions League;[26] in November 2003, to celebrate UEFA's Jubilee, he was selected as Turkey's Golden Player by the Turkish Football Federation, as their most outstanding player of the past 50 years.[27]

In the 2005–06 season, Şükür again scored in double digits (ten) as Galatasaray again won the league. After helping the club win a record-tying 17th first division title in 2007–08, netting 11 goals, he decided to retire from the game aged nearly 37. Subsequently, he often appeared as a television pundit on Turkish Radio and Television Corporation;[28] during his career, he scored 38 goals in all European competitions.[29]

International career[edit]

Şükür won his first cap for Turkey in a friendly with Luxembourg in March 1992 – his debut being awarded by German manager Sepp Piontek – scoring his first international goal in his next match, against Denmark, and totalling six in his first 11 appearances. He netted seven in qualification for UEFA Euro 1996 and started all of the matches at the finals in England, in which they were eliminated in the group stage without scoring a single goal.

Şükür scored eight times in qualification for the 1998 FIFA World Cup: half of those in a 6–4 home win over Wales on 20 August 1997,[30] but Turkey did not reach the play-offs. At Euro 2000 he netted twice for the quarterfinalists, in a 2–0 group stage win against co-hosts Belgium.[31][32]

During the 2002 World Cup, held in South Korea and Japan, Şükür scored once for Turkey in seven matches as the national team finished in third place. On 29 June he scored the fastest ever goal in a FIFA World Cup, netting against South Korea 10.8 seconds into the third-place play-off (3–2 win).[18]

Of his 112 senior appearances, Şükür captained Turkey in 30. After appearing in some Euro 2008 qualifiers, notably scoring four against Moldova in a 5–0 win in Frankfurt, Germany,[33] he was not selected for the finals, his last game being a 0–1 home loss to Greece at the age of 36 (17 October 2007).[34]

Personal life[edit]

Şükür is of Albanian origin. Both his parents are immigrants from Yugoslavia, his father being born in Pristina, and his mother in Skopje.[7][8][9][35] His surname is spelled "Shykyr" in Albanian.[36] His first wife, Esra Elbirlik, married him in a ceremony broadcast live on television,[37] initiated by prime minister Tansu Çiller and performed by mayor of Istanbul Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

The couple divorced after four months, and Elbirlik and her family died in the 1999 İzmit earthquake. Şükür fathered three children with his second spouse, Beyda.[38]

Politics[edit]

On 18 June 2011, Şükür was elected as a Member of Parliament to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey in the 2011 general elections, from the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP), representing the 2nd electoral district of Istanbul Province.[39]

On 16 December 2013, Şükür, known for his links to the Islamic Gülen movement of the Turkish cleric Fethullah Gülen,[14] resigned from his position in protest after the interdiction of the group's "dershane" system, and decided to continue working as an independent MP.[14][40] He subsequently went on to work as a football pundit for Turkish Radio and Television Corporation;[41]

In February 2016, Şükür was charged with insulting president Erdoğan on Twitter.[42] In August, a warrant was issued for his arrest as he was charged with being a member of the Gülen movement, designated as a terrorist organization in Turkey.[43]

Şükür fled Turkey in November 2017, taking up self-exile in San Francisco, California and planning to become a restaurateur in Palo Alto.[44][45] He left this job because "strange people kept coming into the bar".[46]

In January 2020, Şükür told Germany's Welt am Sonntag that he was working as a Uber driver and selling books in the United States. He also said that his houses, businesses and bank accounts in Turkey had been seized by the government.[47][46]

Career statistics[edit]

Club[edit]

Sources:[48][49]
Club Season League Cup[50] Europe Total
Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
Sakaryaspor 1987–88 3 0 2 1 5 1
1988–89 11 5 11 5
1989–90 27 5 27 5
Total 41 10 2 1 43 11
Bursaspor 1990–91 27 4 27 4
1991–92 27 7 7 3 34 10
Total 54 11 7 3 61 14
Galatasaray 1992–93 30 19 8 5 6 2 47 26
1993–94 27 16 7 4 9 0 43 20
1994–95 33 19 7 1 8 5 48 25
Total 90 54 22 10 23 7 135 71
Torino 1995–96 5 1 5 1
Total 5 1 5 1
Galatasaray 1995–96 25 16 7 2 32 18
1996–97 32 38 3 4 4 4 39 46
1997–98 34 32 9 2 7 0 50 34
1998–99 33 19 9 2 7 6 49 27
1999–2000 32 14 5 1 17 10 54 25
Total 156 119 33 15 35 20 224 152
Inter Milan 2000–01 24 5 1 0 9 1 34 6
Total 24 5 1 0 9 1 35 6
Parma 2001–02 15 3 1 0 16 3
Total 15 3 1 0 16 3
Blackburn Rovers 2002–03 9 2 9 2
Total 9 2 9 2
Galatasaray 2003–04 28 12 1 0 9 6 38 18
2004–05 33 18 3 4 35 22
2005–06 31 10 4 2 2 1 37 13
2006–07 26 4 2 0 6 1 34 5
2007–08 28 11 4 1 9 2 41 14
Total 146 55 14 7 26 10 186 72
Career total 540 260 79 34 94 38 709 332

Goals in European competitions[edit]

International[edit]

Source:[51]
National team Year Apps Goals
Turkey 1992 8 5
1993 3 1
1994 5 3
1995 7 4
1996 12 3
1997 5 6
1998 4 1
1999 7 3
2000 9 3
2001 10 6
2002 10 2
2003 9 4
2004 8 5
2005 5 0
2006 5 4
2007 5 1
Total 112 51

International goals[edit]

Sources:[34][51]
Date Venue Opponent Score Result Competition
1. 8 April 1992 Ankara, Turkey  Denmark 2–1 Win Friendly
2. 26 August 1992 Trabzon, Turkey  Bulgaria 3–2 Win Friendly
3. 26 August 1992 Trabzon, Turkey  Bulgaria 3–2 Win Friendly
4. 28 October 1992 Ankara, Turkey  San Marino 4–1 Win 1994 World Cup qualification
5. 28 October 1992 Ankara, Turkey  San Marino 4–1 Win 1994 World Cup qualification
6. 27 October 1993 Istanbul, Turkey  Poland 2–1 Win 1994 World Cup qualification
7. 7 September 1994 Budapest, Hungary  Hungary 2–2 Draw Euro 1996 qualifying
8. 12 October 1994 Istanbul, Turkey  Iceland 5–0 Win Euro 1996 qualifying
9. 12 October 1994 Istanbul, Turkey  Iceland 5–0 Win Euro 1996 qualifying
10. 26 April 1995 Bern, Switzerland   Switzerland 1–2 Win Euro 1996 qualifying
11. 6 September 1995 Istanbul, Turkey  Hungary 2–0 Win Euro 1996 qualifying
12. 6 September 1995 Istanbul, Turkey  Hungary 2–0 Win Euro 1996 qualifying
13. 15 November 1995 Stockholm, Sweden  Sweden 2–2 Draw Euro 1996 qualifying
14. 1 May 1996 Samsun, Turkey  Ukraine 3–2 Win Friendly
15. 10 November 1996 Istanbul, Turkey  San Marino 7–0 Win 1998 World Cup qualification
16. 10 November 1996 Istanbul, Turkey  San Marino 7–0 Win 1998 World Cup qualification
17. 2 April 1997 Bursa, Turkey  Netherlands 1–0 Win 1998 World Cup qualification
18. 20 August 1997 Istanbul, Turkey  Wales 6–4 Win 1998 World Cup qualification
19. 20 August 1997 Istanbul, Turkey  Wales 6–4 Win 1998 World Cup qualification
20. 20 August 1997 Istanbul, Turkey  Wales 6–4 Win 1998 World Cup qualification
21. 20 August 1997 Istanbul, Turkey  Wales 6–4 Win 1998 World Cup qualification
22. 10 September 1997 Serravalle, San Marino  San Marino 0–5 Win 1998 World Cup qualification
23. 10 October 1998 Bursa, Turkey  Germany 1–0 Win Euro 2000 qualifying
24. 27 March 1999 Istanbul, Turkey  Moldova 2–0 Win Euro 2000 qualifying
25. 5 June 1999 Helsinki, Finland  Finland 2–4 Win Euro 2000 qualifying
26. 5 June 1999 Helsinki, Finland  Finland 2–4 Win Euro 2000 qualifying
27. 19 June 2000 Brussels, Belgium  Belgium 2–0 Win UEFA Euro 2000
28. 19 June 2000 Brussels, Belgium  Belgium 2–0 Win UEFA Euro 2000
29. 11 October 2000 Baku, Azerbaijan  Azerbaijan 0–1 Win 2002 World Cup qualification
30. 24 March 2001 Istanbul, Turkey  Slovakia 1–1 Draw 2002 World Cup qualification
31. 2 June 2001 Istanbul, Turkey  Azerbaijan 3–0 Win 2002 World Cup qualification
32. 15 August 2001 Oslo, Norway  Norway 1–1 Draw Friendly
33. 1 September 2001 Bratislava, Slovakia  Slovakia 0–1 Win 2002 World Cup qualification
34. 5 September 2001 Istanbul, Turkey  Sweden 1–2 Loss 2002 World Cup qualification
35. 14 November 2001 Istanbul, Turkey  Austria 5–0 Win 2002 World Cup qualification – Playoffs
36. 17 April 2002 Kerkrade, Netherlands  Chile 2–0 Win Friendly
37. 29 June 2002 Daegu, South Korea  South Korea 2–3 Win 2002 FIFA World Cup
38. 11 June 2003 Istanbul, Turkey  North Macedonia 3–2 Win Euro 2004 qualifying
39. 6 September 2003 Vaduz, Liechtenstein  Liechtenstein 0–3 Win Euro 2004 qualifying
40. 9 September 2003 Dublin, Republic of Ireland  Republic of Ireland 2–2 Draw Friendly
41. 19 November 2003 Istanbul, Turkey  Latvia 2–2 Draw Euro 2004 qualifying – Playoff
42. 21 May 2004 Sydney, Australia  Australia 1–3 Win Friendly
43. 21 May 2004 Sydney, Australia  Australia 1–3 Win Friendly
44. 2 June 2004 Seoul, South Korea  South Korea 0–1 Win Friendly
45. 5 June 2004 Daegu, South Korea  South Korea 2–1 Loss Friendly
46. 18 August 2004 Denizli, Turkey  Belarus 1–2 Loss Friendly
47. 11 October 2006 Frankfurt, Germany  Moldova 5–0 Win Euro 2008 qualifying
48. 11 October 2006 Frankfurt, Germany  Moldova 5–0 Win Euro 2008 qualifying
49. 11 October 2006 Frankfurt, Germany  Moldova 5–0 Win Euro 2008 qualifying
50. 11 October 2006 Frankfurt, Germany  Moldova 5–0 Win Euro 2008 qualifying
51. 2 June 2007 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina  Bosnia and Herzegovina 3–2 Loss Euro 2008 qualifying

Honours[edit]

Club[edit]

Sakaryaspor

Galatasaray[53]

Parma

Inter

International[edit]

Turkey

Individual[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A Milli Futbol Takımımıza Devlet Üstün Hizmet Madalyası Verilmesi Töreni" [National football team honoured by state in medal ceremony] (in Turkish). Presidency of Turkey. 9 October 2002. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  2. ^ "Kral'ın vasiyeti" [The king's legacy]. Hürriyet (in Turkish). 12 November 1998. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  3. ^ Çakır, Ahmet (24 March 2015). "Hakan Şükür'e FIFA'dan kral ödül" [Hakan Şükür king of FIFA award]. Zaman (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 27 March 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  4. ^ Çakır, Ahmet (17 November 2013). "Hakan Şükür'e çağrı: O kitabı yayınlayalım" [The calling of Hakan Şükür: I will publish a book]. Zaman (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  5. ^ "Hakan Şükür'den spor dünyasını sarsacak sözler" [Şükür promises to shake the world of sports up] (in Turkish). Samanyolu Haber TV. 12 October 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Ligin Gol Kralları" [League top scorers] (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  7. ^ a b Demirtaş, Serkan (12 October 2005). "Kosovalılara üç nasihat" [Three strikes for Kosovars]. Radikal (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 25 March 2010.
  8. ^ a b "Erdoğan'dan Hakan Şükür açıklaması" [Description of Hakan Şükür by Erdoğan] (in Turkish). NTV. 23 February 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
  9. ^ a b "Thaçi priti legjendën Şükür" [Thaçi meets legend Şükür]. Telegrafi (in Albanian). 21 August 2010. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  10. ^ "En Fazla Milli Olan Oyuncularımız" [Most capped players with national team] (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  11. ^ "En Fazla Gol Atan Milli Oyuncularımız" [National team top scorers] (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  12. ^ "Meet Hakan Sukur". The Guardian. 4 December 2002. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  13. ^ "Hakan Sukur". BBC Sport. 9 April 2002. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
  14. ^ a b c "Ex-footballer Hakan Şükür resigns from ruling AKP". Hürriyet Daily News. 16 December 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  15. ^ "Turkey coup: Ex-footballer Hakan Sukur sought over Gulen links". BBC. 12 August 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  16. ^ a b c "Hakan Şükür" (in Turkish). Galatasaray S.K. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  17. ^ "1991–1992 Sezonu" [1991–1992 season] (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  18. ^ a b "Hakan Sukur Biography". Football Team Players. Archived from the original on 21 June 2010. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  19. ^ "Golden Boot ("Soulier d'Or") Awards". RSSSF. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  20. ^ Bos, Jurrie; Yelkenci, Sener (5 June 2014). "Turkey – Topscorers". RSSSF. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
  21. ^ Tozar, Türker (17 May 2015). "Snap shot: Galatasaray win historic UEFA Cup". UEFA. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  22. ^ a b "Blackburn sign Sukur". BBC Sport. 4 December 2002. Retrieved 15 July 2010.
  23. ^ a b "Sukur rejoins Galatasaray". BBC Sport. 7 July 2003. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
  24. ^ "Blackburn edge out Man City". BBC Sport. 1 March 2003. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
  25. ^ "Blackburn overpower Fulham". BBC Sport. 7 April 2003. Retrieved 20 October 2009.
  26. ^ "Sukur double sinks Juventus". BBC Sport. 3 December 2003. Retrieved 15 July 2010.
  27. ^ a b "Golden Players take centre stage". UEFA. 29 November 2003. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  28. ^ "Deputy Şükür named new pundit of Lig TV". Hürriyet Daily News. 4 January 2012. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  29. ^ a b "Dünden bugüne Hakan Şükür!" [Hakan Şükür from yesterday to today!]. Habertürk (in Turkish). 16 October 2008. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  30. ^ "Goal feast in Turkey-Wales thriller". Hürriyet Daily News. 22 August 1997. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
  31. ^ "Belgium v Turkey clockwatch". BBC Sport. 19 June 2000. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
  32. ^ "Rüştü and Şükür star as Belgium fall to Turkey". UEFA. 6 October 2003. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
  33. ^ "Round-up of Euro 2008 qualifiers". BBC Sport. 11 October 2006. Retrieved 15 July 2010.
  34. ^ a b "Hakan Sükür – Century of International Appearances". RSSSF. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  35. ^ "Hakan Şükür: Ben Türk değilim" [Hakan Şükür: I'm not Turkish]. Fanatik (in Turkish). 22 February 2013. Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  36. ^ "Hakan Şükür: I am Albanian, not Turkish". Oculus News. July 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  37. ^ May, John (26 June 2002). "Bull on the horns of a dilemma". BBC Sport. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
  38. ^ Alkaltan, Belgin (21 December 2013). "The first wife of Hakan Şükür". Hürriyet Daily News. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
  39. ^ Koylu, Enis (18 June 2011). "Hakan Sukur becomes MP for Istanbul". Goal. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  40. ^ "Hakan Şükür'den 'dershane' istifası" [Hakan Şükür's 'classroom' resignation] (in Turkish). Turkiye Gazetesi. 17 December 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
  41. ^ "Hakan Şükür İstanbul Milletvekili" [Hakan Şükür Istanbul deputy] (in Turkish). TBMM. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  42. ^ "Former Turkish football star charged with insulting President Erdoğan". The Guardian. 24 February 2016. Retrieved 24 February 2016.
  43. ^ "Turkey coup: Ex-footballer Hakan Sukur sought over Gulen links". BBC. 12 August 2016. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  44. ^ "FETÖ fugitive Hakan Şükür spotted living high life in California". Daily Sabah. 18 November 2017. Retrieved 19 February 2018.
  45. ^ Lewis, Bob (18 February 2018). "Hakan Sukur – Turkey's fallen hero who can never return home". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 February 2018.
  46. ^ a b Varley, Ciaran (14 January 2020). "Hakan Sukur: How former Turkey star ended up in the US as a taxi driver". BBC Sport. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  47. ^ "Hakan Sukur: 'I'm an Uber driver now' | Football Italia". Football Italia. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  48. ^ Hakan Şükür at Mackolik.com (in Turkish) Edit this at Wikidata
  49. ^ "Hakan Sükür". Footballdatabase. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  50. ^ Includes Atatürk Cup, Chancellor Cup, President Cup, TSYD Cup, Turkish Cup and Turkish Super Cup
  51. ^ a b "Hakan Şükür". European Football. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
  52. ^ "Kupanın 'EN'leri!" [Cup hot shots!]. Habertürk (in Turkish). 4 May 2010. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  53. ^ The Greatest Ever (2014). Greatest Ever Footballers. Headline. pp. 2006–2007. ISBN 978-1-4722-2705-8.
  54. ^ "Coppa Italia 2001/02" [Italian Cup 2001/02] (in Italian). My Juve. 25 April 2002. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  55. ^ Buratti, Simone (28 August 2018). "Nel 2002 il Parma Calcio vince la sua terza Coppa Italia contro la Juventus al Tardini; Carmignani trionfa in panchina" [In 2002 Parma Calcio win their third Italian Cup against Juventus at the Tardini; Carmignani makes it on the bench] (in Italian). Il Parmense. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  56. ^ "Super Lazio" (in Italian). Rai Sport. 8 September 2000. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  57. ^ Garin, Erik; Bobrowsky, Josef. "Mediterranean Games 1993 (France)". RSSSF. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  58. ^ "Turkey win 3rd place of 2002 World Cup by beating South Korea 3–2". China Central Television. 29 June 2002. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  59. ^ Demirkiran, Baki; Bos, Jurrie; Yelkenci, Sener; Preston, Simon; DiMaggio, Roberto. "Turkey – List of Topscorers". RSSSF. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  60. ^ "The World's best Top Division Goal Scorer 1997". IFFHS. 1998. Retrieved 15 October 2010.
  61. ^ Tozar, Türker (19 January 2011). "Hakan the hero for resurgent Turkey". UEFA. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  62. ^ "Legends". Golden Foot. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2015.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Sarıçiçek, Hasan (2006). Kral Hakan Şükür: Bir Kral'ın Entrikaları Alt Üst Eden Başarı Öyküsü (in Turkish). Biyografi.net Publications. ISBN 9789750039430.
  • Tuncay, Bülent (2002). Galatasaray Tarihi: Avrupa Zaferleriyle Unutulmaz Yıldızlarıyla (in Turkish). Yapı Kredi Yayınları. ISBN 9750804546.

External links[edit]