Şükür playing for Galatasaray in 2006
1 September 1971 |
|Occupation||Footballer (retired), politician|
|Height||191 cm (6 ft 3 in)|
|Political party||Independent Deputy|
|Spouse(s)||Beyda Şükür (neé Sertbaş) (m. 1999)
Esra Elbirlik (m. 1995)
|Awards||State Medal of Distinguished Service (2002)|
Association football career
Hakan Şükür (born 1 September 1971) is a Turkish retired footballer who played as a striker. Nicknamed the "Bull of the Bosphorus" and Kral (king), he spent the majority of his professional career with Galatasaray, being a three-time Gol Kralı (Goal King, title and award given to the annual top goalscorer of the Süper Lig), representing the club in three different spells and winning a total of 14 major titles.
Şükür represented Turkey a total of 112 times, scoring 51 goals, making him the nation's top goalscorer and 19th in the world at the time of his retirement. One of the most prolific strikers of the modern era, he netted 383 goals throughout his club career as well as the fastest ever in a World Cup, in 2002. He retired from football in 2008, only scoring once in single digits for his main team in 13 seasons; he was renowned for his heading ability.
Born in Adapazarı, Sakarya Province, Şükür began his football career with local club Sakaryaspor, making his professional debut shortly after his 17th birthday. His first goal came in a match against Eskişehirspor on 26 February 1989: with the match tied 2–2, he entered the pitch as a substitute and scored the winning goal; he went on to score a further 18 Süper Lig goals in his three-year spell with the club.
In the summer of 1990, Şükür joined fellow first division side Bursaspor. He scored six goals in 27 games in his second season, helping the team to a sixth-place finish, and making his Turkish national team debut shortly after.
Subsequently, Şükür signed for national giants Galatasaray SK. Nicknamed the Bull of the Bosphorus, he scored 19 goals in 30 matches in his first year with the club, helping it win both the league and cup titles, adding 16 and 19, respectively, in the next two seasons and attracting the attention of Torino FC. In 1995 he moved to the Italian club, becoming the second Turkish player to ever play in the Serie A, but returned to his country and Galatasaray in the following winter transfer window, failing to settle and only netting once in the league.
Upon his return to Galatasaray, Şükür regained his scoring form, scoring 16 goals in the league and helping the club win the cup. The following season, he collected 38 goals in the league, tying him for second-most goals scored in a season with Metin Oktay, one goal behind record holder Tanju Çolak; both players were playing for Galatasaray when they broke the record. Şükür also finished third in the ESM Golden Boot rankings with 57 points, behind Mário Jardel (60) and Ronaldo (68). He won the Gol Kralı award the following two seasons, netting 33 and 18 goals respectively, with the Istanbul side winning the title in all three seasons.
In the 1999–2000 season, Şükür's last with Galatasaray in his second stint, the team completed a domestic double for the second year in succession, and added the year's UEFA Cup, becoming the first Turkish side to win a European title; in the 4–1 penalty shootout win against Arsenal he scored on his attempt, having netted 10 times in 17 games during the campaign.
Şükür then moved to Italy again, this time to Inter Milan, scoring six goals in 35 official games. His appearances were limited by the presence of Ronaldo and Christian Vieri in the team's attack and January 2002, after one-and-a-half seasons, he signed with another team in the country, Parma FC, but was unable to produce again, only finding the net three times. Having been released, on 9 December he joined Blackburn Rovers in the Premier League for the remainder of the campaign, signed by former Galatasaray manager Graeme Souness. His spell began with him sustaining a broken leg in training which ruled him out for two months, after which made his debut for the club on 1 March 2003, replacing the injured Egil Østenstad at half time in a 1–0 home win over Manchester City; he scored twice from nine appearances, both goals coming in a 4–0 defeat of Fulham at Loftus Road on 7 April.
Şükür returned to Galatasaray on 7 July 2003, after failing to negotiate a new contract with Blackburn. He scored 12 times in 28 league games in his first season, and 18 in the following, with the team winning the 2005 Turkish cup during that timeframe. Also, on 3 December 2003, he found the net twice in a 2–0 home defeat of Juventus F.C. for the 2003–04 UEFA Champions League. In November 2003, to celebrate UEFA's Jubilee, he was selected as Turkey's Golden Player by the Turkish Football Federation, as their most outstanding player of the past 50 years.
In the 2005–06 season, Şükür again scored in double digits (ten) as Galatasaray again won the league. After helping the club win a record-tying seventeenth first division title in 2007–08, netting 11 goals, he decided to retire from the game, aged nearly 37. Subsequently, he often appeared as a television pundit on TRT. During his career, he scored 38 goals in all European competitions.
Şükür won his first cap for Turkey in a friendly with Luxembourg in March 1992 – his debut being awarded by German manager Sepp Piontek – scoring his first international goal in his next match, against Denmark, and totalling six in his first 11 appearances. He netted seven in qualification for UEFA Euro 1996 and started all of the matches at the finals in England, in which they were eliminated in the group stage without scoring a single goal.
Şükür scored eight times in qualification for the 1998 FIFA World Cup: half of those in a 6–4 home win over Wales on 20 August 1997, but Turkey did not reach the play-offs. At Euro 2000 he netted twice for the quarterfinalists, in a 2–0 group stage win against co-hosts Belgium.
During the 2002 World Cup, held in South Korea and Japan, Şükür scored once for Turkey in seven matches as the national team finished in third place. On 29 June he scored the fastest ever goal in a FIFA World Cup, netting against South Korea 10.8 seconds into the third-place play-off (3–2 win).
Of his 112 senior appearances, Şükür captained Turkey in 30. After appearing in some Euro 2008 qualifiers, notably scoring four against Moldova in a 5–0 win in Frankfurt, Germany, he was not selected for the finals, his last game being a 0–1 home loss to Greece at the age of 36 (17 October 2007).
Şükür is of Kosovar Albanian origin, his father being born in Pristina. His surname is spelled "Shykyr" in Albanian. His first wife, Esra Elbirlik, married him in a ceremony broadcast live on television, initiated by prime minister Tansu Çiller and performed by mayor of Istanbul Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.
On 18 June 2011, Şükür was elected as a Member of Parliament to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey in the 2011 general elections, from the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP), representing the 2nd electoral district of Istanbul Province.
On 16 December 2013, Şükür, known for his links to the Islamic Gülen movement of the Turkish cleric Fethullah Gülen, resigned from his position in protest after the interdiction of the group's "dershane" system, and decided to continue working as an independent MP. He subsequently went on to work as a football pundit for Turkish Radio and Television Corporation; Albanian identity in Turkey was given prominent focus in 2013 when he declared "I am Albanian, as such i am not a Turk" while giving a university speech, which caused media controversy and heated public discussions about Turkish identity.
In February 2016, Şükür was charged with insulting president Erdoğan on Twitter. In August, a warrant was issued for his arrest as he was charged with "being a member of an armed terror group".
Goals in European competitions
|1.||16 September 1992||1||Katowice||2–1||UEFA Cup|
|2.||25 November 1992||1||Roma||1–3||UEFA Cup|
|3.||10 August 1994||1||Avenir Beggen||5–1||Champions League|
|4.||17 August 1994||3||Avenir Beggen||4–0||Champions League|
|7.||23 November 1994||1||Barcelona||2–1||Champions League|
|8.||26 September 1996||2||Tiraspol||4–0||Cup Winners Cup|
|10.||17 October 1996||2||Paris Saint-Germain||4–2||Cup Winners Cup|
|12.||19 August 1998||1||Grasshopper||2–1||Champions League|
|13.||26 August 1998||2||Grasshopper||3–2||Champions League|
|15.||30 September 1998||1||Juventus||2–2||Champions League|
|16.||4 November 1998||2||Rosenborg||3–0||Champions League|
|18.||15 September 1999||1||Hertha BSC||2–2||Champions League|
|19.||26 October 1999||2||Hertha BSC||4–1||Champions League|
|21.||3 November 1999||1||Milan||3–2||Champions League|
|22.||23 November 1999||1||Bologna||1–1||UEFA Cup|
|23.||2 March 2000||1||Borussia Dortmund||2–0||UEFA Cup|
|24.||16 March 2000||1||Mallorca||4–1||UEFA Cup|
|25.||23 March 2000||1||Mallorca||2–1||UEFA Cup|
|26.||4 April 2000||1||Leeds United||2–0||UEFA Cup|
|27.||20 April 2000||1||Leeds United||2–2||UEFA Cup|
|28.||7 December 2000||1||Hertha BSC||2–1||UEFA Cup|
|29.||21 August 2003||1||CSKA Sofia||3–0||Champions League|
|30.||17 September 2003||1||Juventus||1–2||Champions League|
|31.||30 September 2003||1||Real Sociedad||1–2||Champions League|
|32.||2 December 2003||2||Juventus||2–0||Champions League|
|34.||10 December 2003||1||Real Sociedad||1–1||Champions League|
|35.||29 September 2005||1||Tromsø||1–1||UEFA Cup|
|36.||9 August 2006||1||Mladá Boleslav||5–2||Champions League|
|37.||30 August 2007||1||Slaven Belupo||2–1||UEFA Cup|
|38.||29 November 2007||1||Panionios||3–0||UEFA Cup|
|1.||8 April 1992||Ankara, Turkey||Denmark||2–1||Win||Friendly|
|2.||26 August 1992||Trabzon, Turkey||Bulgaria||3–2||Win||Friendly|
|3.||26 August 1992||Trabzon, Turkey||Bulgaria||3–2||Win||Friendly|
|4.||28 October 1992||Ankara, Turkey||San Marino||4–1||Win||1994 World Cup qualification|
|5.||28 October 1992||Ankara, Turkey||San Marino||4–1||Win||1994 World Cup qualification|
|6.||27 October 1993||Istanbul, Turkey||Poland||2–1||Win||1994 World Cup qualification|
|7.||7 September 1994||Budapest, Hungary||Hungary||2–2||Draw||Euro 1996 qualifying|
|8.||12 October 1994||Istanbul, Turkey||Iceland||5–0||Win||Euro 1996 qualifying|
|9.||12 October 1994||Istanbul, Turkey||Iceland||5–0||Win||Euro 1996 qualifying|
|10.||26 April 1995||Bern, Switzerland||Switzerland||1–2||Win||Euro 1996 qualifying|
|11.||6 September 1995||Istanbul, Turkey||Hungary||2–0||Win||Euro 1996 qualifying|
|12.||6 September 1995||Istanbul, Turkey||Hungary||2–0||Win||Euro 1996 qualifying|
|13.||15 November 1995||Stockholm, Sweden||Sweden||2–2||Draw||Euro 1996 qualifying|
|14.||1 May 1996||Samsun, Turkey||Ukraine||3–2||Win||Friendly|
|15.||10 November 1996||Istanbul, Turkey||San Marino||7–0||Win||1998 World Cup qualification|
|16.||10 November 1996||Istanbul, Turkey||San Marino||7–0||Win||1998 World Cup qualification|
|17.||2 April 1997||Bursa, Turkey||Netherlands||1–0||Win||1998 World Cup qualification|
|18.||20 August 1997||Istanbul, Turkey||Wales||6–4||Win||1998 World Cup qualification|
|19.||20 August 1997||Istanbul, Turkey||Wales||6–4||Win||1998 World Cup qualification|
|20.||20 August 1997||Istanbul, Turkey||Wales||6–4||Win||1998 World Cup qualification|
|21.||20 August 1997||Istanbul, Turkey||Wales||6–4||Win||1998 World Cup qualification|
|22.||10 September 1997||Serravalle, San Marino||San Marino||0–5||Win||1998 World Cup qualification|
|23.||10 October 1998||Bursa, Turkey||Germany||1–0||Win||Euro 2000 qualifying|
|24.||27 March 1999||Istanbul, Turkey||Moldova||2–0||Win||Euro 2000 qualifying|
|25.||5 June 1999||Helsinki, Finland||Finland||2–4||Win||Euro 2000 qualifying|
|26.||5 June 1999||Helsinki, Finland||Finland||2–4||Win||Euro 2000 qualifying|
|27.||19 June 2000||Brussels, Belgium||Belgium||2–0||Win||UEFA Euro 2000|
|28.||19 June 2000||Brussels, Belgium||Belgium||2–0||Win||UEFA Euro 2000|
|29.||11 October 2000||Baku, Azerbaijan||Azerbaijan||0–1||Win||2002 World Cup qualification|
|30.||24 March 2001||Istanbul, Turkey||Slovakia||1–1||Draw||2002 World Cup qualification|
|31.||2 June 2001||Istanbul, Turkey||Azerbaijan||3–0||Win||2002 World Cup qualification|
|32.||15 August 2001||Oslo, Norway||Norway||1–1||Draw||Friendly|
|33.||1 September 2001||Bratislava, Slovakia||Slovakia||0–1||Win||2002 World Cup qualification|
|34.||5 September 2001||Istanbul, Turkey||Sweden||1–2||Loss||2002 World Cup qualification|
|35.||14 November 2001||Istanbul, Turkey||Austria||5–0||Win||2002 World Cup qualification – Playoffs|
|36.||17 April 2002||Kerkrade, Netherlands||Chile||2–0||Win||Friendly|
|37.||29 June 2002||Daegu, South Korea||South Korea||2–3||Win||2002 FIFA World Cup|
|38.||11 June 2003||Istanbul, Turkey||Macedonia||3–2||Win||Euro 2004 qualifying|
|39.||6 September 2003||Vaduz, Liechtenstein||Liechtenstein||0–3||Win||Euro 2004 qualifying|
|40.||9 September 2003||Dublin, Republic of Ireland||Republic of Ireland||2–2||Draw||Friendly|
|41.||19 November 2003||Istanbul, Turkey||Latvia||2–2||Draw||Euro 2004 qualifying – Playoff|
|42.||21 May 2004||Sydney, Australia||Australia||1–3||Win||Friendly|
|43.||21 May 2004||Sydney, Australia||Australia||1–3||Win||Friendly|
|44.||2 June 2004||Seoul, South Korea||South Korea||0–1||Win||Friendly|
|45.||5 June 2004||Daegu, South Korea||South Korea||2–1||Loss||Friendly|
|46.||18 August 2004||Denizli, Turkey||Belarus||1–2||Loss||Friendly|
|47.||11 October 2006||Frankfurt, Germany||Moldova||5–0||Win||Euro 2008 qualifying|
|48.||11 October 2006||Frankfurt, Germany||Moldova||5–0||Win||Euro 2008 qualifying|
|49.||11 October 2006||Frankfurt, Germany||Moldova||5–0||Win||Euro 2008 qualifying|
|50.||11 October 2006||Frankfurt, Germany||Moldova||5–0||Win||Euro 2008 qualifying|
|51.||2 June 2007||Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina||Bosnia and Herzegovina||3–2||Loss||Euro 2008 qualifying|
- Turkish Cup: 1987–88
- Süper Lig: 1992–93, 1993–94, 1996–97, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2005–06, 2007–08
- Turkish Cup: 1992–93, 1995–96, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2004–05
- President Cup: 1993, 1997
- UEFA Cup: 1999–2000
- Süper Lig: Top Scorer 1996–97, 1997–98, 1998–99
- IFFHS: World‘s Best Top Division Goal Scorer 1997
- UEFA Jubilee Awards: Turkey's Golden Player 2004
- Top Scorer of Turkish League of all Times: 249 goals
- Top Scoring Turkish Player in Champions League: 13 goals
- Golden Foot Legends Award: 2014
- "A Milli Futbol Takımımıza Devlet Üstün Hizmet Madalyası Verilmesi Töreni" [National football team honoured by state in medal ceremony] (in Turkish). Presidency of Turkey. 9 October 2002. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- "Kral'ın vasiyeti" [The king's legacy]. Hürriyet (in Turkish). 12 November 1998. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- Çakır, Ahmet (24 March 2015). "Hakan Şükür'e FIFA'dan kral ödül" [Hakan Şükür king of FIFA award]. Zaman (in Turkish). Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- Çakır, Ahmet (17 November 2013). "Hakan Şükür’e çağrı: O kitabı yayınlayalım" [The calling of Hakan Şükür: I will publish a book]. Zaman (in Turkish). Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- "Hakan Şükür'den spor dünyasını sarsacak sözler" [Şükür promises to shake the world of sports up] (in Turkish). Samanyolu Haber TV. 12 October 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- "Ligin Gol Kralları" [League top scorers] (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- Serkan Demirtaş (12 October 2005). "Kosovalılara üç nasihat" [Three strikes for Kosovars] (in Turkish). Radikal. Retrieved 25 March 2010.
- "Erdoğan'dan Hakan Şükür açıklaması" [Description of Hakan Şükür by Erdoğan] (in Turkish). NTV. 23 February 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Thaçi priti legjendën Şükür" [Thaçi meets legend Şükür] (in Albanian). Telegrafi. 21 August 2010. Retrieved 27 August 2010.
- "En Fazla Milli Olan Oyuncularımız" [Most capped players with national team] (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
- "En Fazla Gol Atan Milli Oyuncularımız" [National team top scorers] (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
- "Meet Hakan Sukur". The Guardian. 4 December 2002. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- "Hakan Sukur". BBC Sport. 9 April 2002. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "Ex-footballer Hakan Şükür resigns from ruling AKP". Hurriyet Daily News. 16 December 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
- "Hakan Şükür" (in Turkish). Galatasaray S.K. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- "1991–1992 Sezonu" [1991–1992 season] (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- "Hakan Sukur Biography". Football Team Players. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- "Golden Boot ("Soulier d'Or") Awards". RSSSF. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- Bos, Jurrie; Yelkenci, Sener (5 June 2014). "Turkey – Topscorers". RSSSF. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
- "Blackburn sign Sukur". BBC Sport. 4 December 2002. Retrieved 15 July 2010.
- "Sukur rejoins Galatasaray". BBC Sport. 7 July 2003. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- "Blackburn edge out Man City". BBC Sport. 1 March 2003. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- "Blackburn overpower Fulham". BBC Sport. 7 April 2003. Retrieved 20 October 2009.
- "Sukur double sinks Juventus". BBC Sport. 3 December 2003. Retrieved 15 July 2010.
- "Golden Players take centre stage". UEFA.com. 29 November 2003. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
- "Goal feast in Turkey-Wales thriller". Hurriyet Daily News. 22 August 1997. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
- "Belgium v Turkey clockwatch". BBC Sport. 19 June 2000. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
- "Rüştü and Şükür star as Belgium fall to Turkey". UEFA.com. 6 October 2003. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
- "Round-up of Euro 2008 qualifiers". BBC Sport. 11 October 2006. Retrieved 15 July 2010.
- "Hakan Sükür – Century of International Appearances". RSSSF. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
- "Hakan Şükür: Ben Türk değilim" [Hakan Şükür: I'm not Turkish] (in Turkish). Fanatik. 22 February 2013. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
- "Hakan Şükür: I am Albanian, not Turkish". Oculus News. July 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
- May, John (26 June 2002). "Bull on the horns of a dilemma". BBC Sport. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- Alkaltan, Belgin (21 December 2013). "The first wife of Hakan Şükür". Hürriyet. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- Koylu, Enis (18 June 2011). "Hakan Sukur becomes MP for Istanbul". Goal.com. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
- "Hakan Şükür'den 'dershane' istifası" [Hakan Şükür's 'classroom' resignation] (in Turkish). Turkiye Gazetesi. 17 December 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
- "Hakan Şükür İstanbul Milletvekili" [Hakan Şükür Istanbul deputy] (in Turkish). TBMM. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- Bayar, Yeşim (2014). Formation of the Turkish Nation-state, 1920–1938. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 1–2. ISBN 9781137384546.
- "Former Turkish football star charged with insulting President Erdoğan". The Guardian. 24 February 2016. Retrieved 24 February 2016.
- "Turkey coup: Ex-footballer Hakan Sukur sought over Gulen links". BBC. 12 August 2016. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
- Hakan Şükür at Mackolick.com (in Turkish)
- "Hakan Sükür". Footballdatabase. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
- Includes Atatürk Cup, Chancellor Cup, President Cup, TSYD Cup, Turkish Cup and Turkish Super Cup
- "Hakan Şükür". European Football. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
- "Greatest Ever Footballers". Amazon.com. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
- "The World‘s best Top Division Goal Scorer 1997". IFFHS. 1998. Retrieved 15 October 2010.
- "Legends". Golden Foot. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
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