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Hakhshara (Hebrew: הכשרה‎) is a Hebrew word that literally means "preparation". The term is used for training programs and agricultural centers in Europe and elsewhere. At these centers Zionist youth would learn technical skills necessary for their emigration to Israel and subsequent life in kibbutzim.[1]

List of Hakhshara Centers[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Almogi, Yosef (1982). Total Commitment. Associated University Presses. p. 13. ISBN 9780845347492. The aim of such training programs— collectively called Hakhshara ("preparation") in Hebrew — was the prepare young Jews for settlement in Israel. 
  2. ^ Office of Survivor Affairs - Nina Merrick
  3. ^ Geschichte vor Ort: Erinnerungskultur im Land Brandenburg für die Zeit von 1933 bis 1990, Ministerium für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Kultur, Brandenburg, 2009, page 44
  4. ^ "Schniebinchen, Germany, 1938, Youngsters conversing through a window, at a camp for training for Aliyah (immigration to Eretz Israel). - The Sonnenfeld collection of photos documenting Jewish life in prewar Germany". Retrieved 2012-05-17.