|Shaheed Hakim Mohammed Said|
|20th Governor of Sindh Province|
19 July 1993 – 23 January 1994
|Prime Minister||Benazir Bhutto|
|Preceded by||Mahmoud Haroon|
|Succeeded by||Mahmoud Haroon|
|President of the Hamdard Foundation|
23 October 1969 – 17 October 1998
Serving with Sadia Rashid
|Preceded by||Office created|
|Succeeded by||Sadia Rashid (daughter)|
|Director of the Hamdard Laboratories|
14 August 1948 – 17 October 1998
|Preceded by||Office created|
|Succeeded by||Dr. Ahsan Qadir Shafiq|
|Vice-Chancellor of Hamdard University|
14 August 1948 – 17 October 1998
|Preceded by||Office created|
|Succeeded by||Dr. Nasim Ahmad Khan|
|Born||Hakim Mohammed Said
9 January 1920
New Delhi, British Indian Empire
|Died||17 October 1998
Karachi, Sindh Province
|Resting place||Madinat-Al-Hikmah, Karachi|
|Citizenship|| British subject (1920–1948)
|Children||Sadia Rashid (daughter)|
|Alma mater||University of Delhi
|Occupation||Philanthropist, scholar, sufist|
|National Awards||Nishan-e-Imtiaz Award in (2002)|
|Sitara-i-Imtiaz Award in 1966|
Hakim Mohammed Said (Urdu: حکیم محمد سعید; 9 January 1920 – 17 October 1998, NI, PhD) was a medical researcher, scholar, philanthropist, and a Governor of Sindh Province, Pakistan from 1993 until 1996. Said was one of Pakistan's most prominent medical researchers in the field of Eastern medicines. He established the Hamdard Foundation in 1948, prior to his settlement in West Pakistan. In a few years time, the herbal medical products of the Hamdard Foundation became household names in Pakistan. Hakim Mohammed Said authored and compiled about 200 books in medicine, philosophy, science, health, religion, natural medicine, literary, social, and travelogues. In 1981, Said became one of the founding member of the World Cultural Council, a non-profit international organization, based in Mexico. On 17 October 1998, Said was assassinated by a group of unknown assailants while he was on his way to attend a medical experiment at the Hamdard Laboratories in Karachi. His killing promted Prime Minister of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif to impose direct federal rule over the Sindh province.
Early life and career
Hakim Mohammed Said was born in Delhi, British Indian Empire in 1920 to an educated and religious Urdu-speaking class family. His forefathers and family had been associated with the herbal medicine business, and had established the Hamdard Waqf Laboratories in India before 1947, which today has emerged as one of the largest manufacturers of Unani medicines in the world. Said attended the local school where he learned Arabic, Persian, Urdu, English and studied the Quran. At age 18, Hakim went on to attend the University of Delhi in 1938. There, Said obtained a B.Pharm degree and a BS degree in medicinal chemistry in 1942. After his undergraduate education, Said joined Hamdard Waqf Laboratories as a junior researcher and participated in herbal quality control while formulating medicines. In 1945, Said attended the post-graduate course, and obtained M.Pharm degree in Pharmacy from the same institution. Before 1947, Hakim Said was also involved in the Pakistan Movement activities. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, Said left his hometown with his wife and only daughter. The family settled in Karachi, Sindh Province of West Pakistan. He established Hamdard Laboratories and served as its first director until his death in 1998. In 1952, Said travelled to Turkey where he attended the Ankara University and was awarded a PhD degree in Pharmacy, then returned to Pakistan to devote his life to medicine research.
Following his settlement in Pakistan, Said began practising medicine and continued to research in Eastern medicine. Having established the Hamdard Laboratories in 1948, Said was one of the driving forces in Pakistan for engaging in the research in medical biology and medicine. In 1953, after his doctorate degree, Said joined the Sindh University as the associate professor of Pharmacy and taught courses in organic chemistry. In 1963, Said resigned from his position because of differences with the Federal government. In 1964, Said came into public limelight when he gave rogue criticism to Lieutenant-General Wajid Ali Khan Burki, then-Surgeon General (Pakistan) of Army Medical Corps who was a high profile officer leading the then Ministry of Health under the government of Field Marshal Ayub Khan. Said criticized the General, saying, "General [Vajid] Burkie used to say that Eastern medicine and homeopathy were quackery". Said began to write articles, organised conferences and lobbied hard for the Eastern medicine, and Ayub Khan had to pass a law legalising Eastern medicine, due to a fear of his government losing credibility among the people.
The crowning activity of his life is the establishment of Madinat-al-Hikmah campus in Karachi. It comprises Hamdard University with such institutes as Hamdard College of Medicine and Dentistry, Hamdard Al-Majeed College of Eastern Medicine, Hafiz Muhammad Ilyas Institute of Herbal Sciences, Hamdard Institute of Education & Social Sciences, Hamdard Institute of Management Sciences, Hamdard Institute of Information Technology, Hamdard School of Law, Faculty of Engineering Science & Technology, Hamdard Public School and Hamdard Village School. Bait-al-Hikmah  (the Library) is also a constituent part of Madinat-al-Hikmah. This is one of the biggest and best-stocked libraries of Pakistan.
Said wrote, edited or compiled over 200 books and journals in Urdu and English on Islam, Education, Pakistan, Science, Medicine and Health. Besides writing travelogues of countries he visited, he also wrote books especially for youth and children. He also edited some journals such as Hamdard Islamicus, Hamdard Medicus, Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society "Historicus", Hamdard Sehat and Hamdard Naunehal. For several years he was also the editor of Payami, the Urdu edition of UNESCO'S journal Courier. Said participated in various international conferences on medicine, science, education and culture and traveled widely to many countries of the world. While in Pakistan, he organised numerous international and national conferences on topics of prime importance. Said created two widely attended national forums: Hamdard Shura (for leaders of public opinion) and Naunehal Assembly (for children). He held offices and memberships in dozens of national and international organisations related to education and healthcare. He launched two journals, Hamdard Medicus and Hamdard Islamicus. Hamdard-e-Sehat, which was already being published under his editorship since 1940, also appeared from Karachi in 1948. He launched a magazine for young readers, Hamdard Naunehal, and established a separate division, Naunehal Adab, for producing quality books for children.
Said was an exponent of Eastern medicine who had treated patients from all over the world including Pakistan, Europe, Africa and the Middle East by the time of his death in October 1998. He helped get alternative medicine recognised by the World Health Organization (WHO). After a fifty-year career as a practitioner of Greco-Arab medicine, he was posthumously awarded the Nishan-e-Imtiaz by the Government of Pakistan in 2002.
Death and investigation
Hakim Mohammed Said was murdered on 17 October 1998. His murderers were caught by DIG Farooq Amin Qureshi, CCPO Karachi at that time. He was highly appreciated and is one of the most renowned police officers of Pakistan to this day. Several persons were arrested and subsequently sentenced to death by an anti-terrorism court.On 26April 2014, The Supreme Court upheld the verdict of Sindh High Court (SHC) regarding acquittal of MQM workers in Hakim Said murder case.
An anti-terrorism appellate bench of the SHC had acquitted all nine people accused of murdering famous philanthropist and physician Hakim Said in 2001.
The verdict was challenged by the then provincial government.
MQM workers, Mohammed Amirullah, Mohammed Shakir alias Shakir Langra and Abu Imran Pasha, were among those acquitted by the court. 
Family and survivors
Hakim Mohammed Said left behind a daughter, Sadia Rashid, who is heading the Hamdard Foundation and the Hamdard Lab, and three granddaughters: Dr. Mahenaz Munir Ahmed, Amena Mian (who is married and settled in the United States with four children), and Fatema-Tuz-Zahra Munir Ahmed, who has joined her mother at Hamdard.
Idara-e-Said Research and Documentation Centre
To preserve his works, a Research and Documentation Center named Idara-e-Said has been set up. It is a joint venture of Hamdard Laboratories (Waqf) Pakistan, Hamdard University, and Hamdard Foundation Pakistan. Idara-e-Said will project and focus the life and works of Shaheed Hakim Mohammed Said, most particularly in the field of science, education and research, medicine and health care. The project is aimed at the collection of Shaheed Hakim Mohammed Said's speeches, writings (both published and un-published), personal memorabilia, photographs and artifacts. After the collection of materials related to his life and works, all records will be preserved and displayed in a scientifically arranged and properly managed museum. Hakim Mohammed Said Archives / Museum is being set up at Madinat-al-Hikmah.
Idara-e-Said will also initiate research projects leading to the award of post graduate (M.Phil. & PhD) degrees on the contribution of Hakim Mohammed Said to Islam, education, medicine, sciences & culture. Idara-e-Said will also patronize publications of literature and books written by different authors on the life of Hakim Mohammed Said, his personality, leadership and his endeavors for the propagation and promotion of education and learning. The first M.Phil degree on the life and works of Said was awarded to Mr. Javed Swati at the Hamdard University convocation 2002. His topic of research was “Education Ideas & Perceptions of Hakim Mohammed Said”
Attended Student Activities
He would frequently visit faculties of Hamdard University including student events.7,8 He personally greeted the first and second year medical students of Hamdard College of Medicine and Dentistry and presented them with a document bag and a stethoscope, along-with his personal letter. Shaheed Hakim Mohammed Said's last public appearance at an HCMD function was on September 23rd, 1998 at Pearl Continental Hotel, Karachi. He enjoyed the show and mingled with students, parents and guests at a round table dinner.9 Shaheed Hakim Mohammed Said's speeches at such occasional were concise, interesting, educational and to the point. At one point in the function, students requested him to grant them the following day off, since the hour was getting late. As the chant from some 600 attendees gathered rhythm, he approved with a gentle nod. His favorite topics at some of the student events included healthy diet, medical ethics, contentment, self-control, benefits of fasting and hard work.
Legacy, awards and recognition
- Declared 'Personality of 1990' by the American Biographical Institute
- Kuwait Prize for Tibb-i-Islami (eastern medicine) in 1983
- Sitara-i-Imtiaz Award by the President of Pakistan in 1966
- Nishan-i-Imtiaz Award by the President of Pakistan in 2002
- Many prominent personalities of Lahore gathered at the Hamdard Center on his death anniversary in 2011, to pay tributes to him. Hakim Said was portrayed as someone who had a multi-dimensional personality, a patriot of the highest order, and who is a role model for the youth as he set worthwhile examples of hard work, honesty and love for humanity.
- Saad Hasan (17 October 2011). "13th death anniversary: Hakim Mohammed Said, the man of morals and medicine". Saad Hasan, correspondent of the Express Tribune. The Express Tribune newspaper. Retrieved 9 Jan 2017.
- http://nation.com.pk/national/17-Oct-2015/death-anniversary-of-hakim-saeed-observed, Death anniversary of Hakim Said observed in Islamabad, Pakistan in 2015, The Nation newspaper, Published 17 Oct 2015, Retrieved 9 Jan 2017
- http://www.dawn.com/news/666668/newspaper/newspaper/column, 'Tribute: Hakim Mohammad Said: Serving humanity', Dawn newspaper, Published 16 Oct 2011, Retrieved 9 Jan 2017
- "Hakim Said listed as a founder of World Cultural Council". World Cultural Council, Mexico website. Retrieved 9 Jan 2017.
- "BBC News - South Asia - Nine MQM members sentenced to death". BBC News, Published 4 June 1999, Retrieved 9 Jan 2017.
- Hakim MOhammed Said– Shakhsiyat aur Fun by Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman, Fikr-o-Nazar, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India, Vol. 36, No. 1, 1999, pp. 5–14
- Hakim Muhammad Saeed– Hayat wa Khidmat by Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman, Aina-e-Tib 2000, Ajmal Khan Tibbia College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India, pp. 18 – 27
- http://www.samaa.tv/pakistan/26-Apr-2014/sc-acquits-mqm-workers-in-hakim-saeed-assassination-case, Samaa News website, Published 26 April 2014, Retrieved 9 Jan 2017
- http://nation.com.pk/lahore/03-Nov-2011/Hakim-Saeeds-services-praised, Tributes paid to Hakim Said on his death anniversary in 2011, The Nation newspaper, Published 3 Nov 2011, Retrieved 9 Jan 2017
|Governor of Sindh