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Industry Publishing
Founded 1887
Founder Ōhashi Sahei
Headquarters 〒162-0824
Tokyo-to, Shinjuku
Ageba 2-27
Area served
Services Book publishing
Website http://www.hakubunkan.co.jp/

Hakubunkan (博文館新社?, Hakubunkan Shinsha) is a Japanese publishing company founded in 1887 amidst the wealth and military prosperity of the Meiji era. Hakubunkan entered the publishing arena by printing a nationalist magazine as well as expanding into printing, advertising, paper manufacturing, and related businesses, becoming one of Japan's largest publishing companies in the process.

Hakubunkan Shinsha's primary business is now publication of various diaries, journals, and day planners, especially those from the era of the original Hakubunkan company.

Hakubunkan is not related to the Osaka school teaching materials company Hakubun.


In 1887, Ōhashi Sahei (大橋 佐平?) founded the company in Yumi, Hongō, Tokyo (now part of Hongō, Bunkyō, Tokyo).[1] The company was named after Itō Hirobumi, based on an alternate pronunciation of his given name. Hakubunkan began publishing the magazine Nihon Taika Ronshū (日本大家論集?, lit. Japan Expert Treatise Collection) in 1887 as well. One of the most famous stories to appear in the magazine was The Usurer (Konjiki Yasha) (also known as The Golden Demon) by Ozaki Kōyō, who based two of the characters in the play on Ōhashi Shintarō (大橋 新太郎?) (son of the founder of the company) and Tomiyama Tadatsugu.

Hakubunkan then established Tōkyōdō (the predecessor of Tōkyōdō Shoten and Tohan Corporation) in 1891. The following year, Tōkyōdō moved to Hongoku, a neighborhood of Nihonbashi in Tokyo (now located in Chūō). In 1893, Tōkyōdō became a domestic and foreign news agency. At the beginning of 1895, Hakubunkan began publishing the general interest magazine Taiyō (太陽?, lit. Sun). The Hakubunkan Printing Office (predecessor of Kyodo Printing) was then established in 1896.

To celebrate its fifteenth anniversary, Hakubunkan opened the free private Ōhashi Library (大橋図書館?, Ōhashi Toshokan) (now the Sankō Library) on June 15, 1902.[2] The library is located in the Shiba Park neighborhood of Minato Ward in Tokyo.

Due to the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923, the building which housed the headquarters of Hakubunkan was destroyed by fire, and the company relocated to the Tozaki area of Koishikawa, Tokyo (now part of Bunkyō Ward). After the magazine Taiyō ceased publication in 1927, Hakubunkan continued to operate in the red, finally splitting into three companies in 1948: Hakuyūsha, Kōyūsha, and Kōbunkan. Hakuyūsha began using the Hakubunkan name again in 1949 before changing it again to Hakubunkan Shinsha in 1950.


Hakubunkan has published many magazines, including the following:

List of Volumes[edit]


  1. ^ 大橋 佐平 (in Japanese). 全国名前辞典. 2006. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  2. ^ 三康図書館について (in Japanese). 三康図書館. Retrieved 2008-09-17.