|Operator||Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (Japan)|
|Mission type||X Ray Cellestial Observation|
|Launch date||August 23, 1961 at 06:02:00 UTC|
|Launch vehicle||M-3C-Rocket (Type 4)|
|Launch site||Uchinoura Space Center, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan|
|Orbital insertion date||February 21, 1979 at 14:00:00|
|Orbital decay||April 15, 1985|
Hakucho (also known as CORSA-b before launch) was Japan's first X-ray astronomy satellite, developed by the Institute of Space and Aeronautical Science (then a division of the University of Tokyo). It was launched by the ISAS M-3C-4 rocket on February 21, 1979 and reentered the atmosphere on April 16, 1985.
It was a replacement for the CORSA satellite which failed to launch due to rocket failure on February 4, 1976.
- Discovery of soft X-ray transient Cen X-4 and Aql X-1
- Discovery of many burst sources
- Long-term monitoring of X-ray pulsar (e.g. Vela X-1)
- Discovery of 2 Hz variability in the Rapid Burster later named Quasi Period Oscillation.
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